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Author (up) Berndt, S.I.; Gustafsson, S.; Magi, R.; Ganna, A.; Wheeler, E.; Feitosa, M.F.; Justice, A.E.; Monda, K.L.; Croteau-Chonka, D.C.; Day, F.R.; Esko, T.; Fall, T.; Ferreira, T.; Gentilini, D.; Jackson, A.U.; Luan, J.'an; Randall, J.C.; Vedantam, S.; Willer, C.J.; Winkler, T.W.; Wood, A.R.; Workalemahu, T.; Hu, Y.-J.; Lee, S.H.; Liang, L.; Lin, D.-Y.; Min, J.L.; Neale, B.M.; Thorleifsson, G.; Yang, J.; Albrecht, E.; Amin, N.; Bragg-Gresham, J.L.; Cadby, G.; den Heijer, M.; Eklund, N.; Fischer, K.; Goel, A.; Hottenga, J.-J.; Huffman, J.E.; Jarick, I.; Johansson, A.; Johnson, T.; Kanoni, S.; Kleber, M.E.; Konig, I.R.; Kristiansson, K.; Kutalik, Z.; Lamina, C.; Lecoeur, C.; Li, G.; Mangino, M.; McArdle, W.L.; Medina-Gomez, C.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Ngwa, J.S.; Nolte, I.M.; Paternoster, L.; Pechlivanis, S.; Perola, M.; Peters, M.J.; Preuss, M.; Rose, L.M.; Shi, J.; Shungin, D.; Smith, A.V.; Strawbridge, R.J.; Surakka, I.; Teumer, A.; Trip, M.D.; Tyrer, J.; Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Vandenput, L.; Waite, L.L.; Zhao, J.H.; Absher, D.; Asselbergs, F.W.; Atalay, M.; Attwood, A.P.; Balmforth, A.J.; Basart, H.; Beilby, J.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Brambilla, P.; Bruinenberg, M.; Campbell, H.; Chasman, D.I.; Chines, P.S.; Collins, F.S.; Connell, J.M.; Cookson, W.O.; de Faire, U.; de Vegt, F.; Dei, M.; Dimitriou, M.; Edkins, S.; Estrada, K.; Evans, D.M.; Farrall, M.; Ferrario, M.M.; Ferrieres, J.; Franke, L.; Frau, F.; Gejman, P.V.; Grallert, H.; Gronberg, H.; Gudnason, V.; Hall, A.S.; Hall, P.; Hartikainen, A.-L.; Hayward, C.; Heard-Costa, N.L.; Heath, A.C.; Hebebrand, J.; Homuth, G.; Hu, F.B.; Hunt, S.E.; Hypponen, E.; Iribarren, C.; Jacobs, K.B.; Jansson, J.-O.; Jula, A.; Kahonen, M.; Kathiresan, S.; Kee, F.; Khaw, K.-T.; Kivimaki, M.; Koenig, W.; Kraja, A.T.; Kumari, M.; Kuulasmaa, K.; Kuusisto, J.; Laitinen, J.H.; Lakka, T.A.; Langenberg, C.; Launer, L.J.; Lind, L.; Lindstrom, J.; Liu, J.; Liuzzi, A.; Lokki, M.-L.; Lorentzon, M.; Madden, P.A.; Magnusson, P.K.; Manunta, P.; Marek, D.; Marz, W.; Mateo Leach, I.; McKnight, B.; Medland, S.E.; Mihailov, E.; Milani, L.; Montgomery, G.W.; Mooser, V.; Muhleisen, T.W.; Munroe, P.B.; Musk, A.W.; Narisu, N.; Navis, G.; Nicholson, G.; Nohr, E.A.; Ong, K.K.; Oostra, B.A.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Palotie, A.; Peden, J.F.; Pedersen, N.; Peters, A.; Polasek, O.; Pouta, A.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Prokopenko, I.; Putter, C.; Radhakrishnan, A.; Raitakari, O.; Rendon, A.; Rivadeneira, F.; Rudan, I.; Saaristo, T.E.; Sambrook, J.G.; Sanders, A.R.; Sanna, S.; Saramies, J.; Schipf, S.; Schreiber, S.; Schunkert, H.; Shin, S.-Y.; Signorini, S.; Sinisalo, J.; Skrobek, B.; Soranzo, N.; Stancakova, A.; Stark, K.; Stephens, J.C.; Stirrups, K.; Stolk, R.P.; Stumvoll, M.; Swift, A.J.; Theodoraki, E.V.; Thorand, B.; Tregouet, D.-A.; Tremoli, E.; Van der Klauw, M.M.; van Meurs, J.B.J.; Vermeulen, S.H.; Viikari, J.; Virtamo, J.; Vitart, V.; Waeber, G.; Wang, Z.; Widen, E.; Wild, S.H.; Willemsen, G.; Winkelmann, B.R.; Witteman, J.C.M.; Wolffenbuttel, B.H.R.; Wong, A.; Wright, A.F.; Zillikens, M.C.; Amouyel, P.; Boehm, B.O.; Boerwinkle, E.; Boomsma, D.I.; Caulfield, M.J.; Chanock, S.J.; Cupples, L.A.; Cusi, D.; Dedoussis, G.V.; Erdmann, J.; Eriksson, J.G.; Franks, P.W.; Froguel, P.; Gieger, C.; Gyllensten, U.; Hamsten, A.; Harris, T.B.; Hengstenberg, C.; Hicks, A.A.; Hingorani, A.; Hinney, A.; Hofman, A.; Hovingh, K.G.; Hveem, K.; Illig, T.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Jockel, K.-H.; Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, S.M.; Kiemeney, L.A.; Kuh, D.; Laakso, M.; Lehtimaki, T.; Levinson, D.F.; Martin, N.G.; Metspalu, A.; Morris, A.D.; Nieminen, M.S.; Njolstad, I.; Ohlsson, C.; Oldehinkel, A.J.; Ouwehand, W.H.; Palmer, L.J.; Penninx, B.; Power, C.; Province, M.A.; Psaty, B.M.; Qi, L.; Rauramaa, R.; Ridker, P.M.; Ripatti, S.; Salomaa, V.; Samani, N.J.; Snieder, H.; Sorensen, T.I.A.; Spector, T.D.; Stefansson, K.; Tonjes, A.; Tuomilehto, J.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Uusitupa, M.; van der Harst, P.; Vollenweider, P.; Wallaschofski, H.; Wareham, N.J.; Watkins, H.; Wichmann, H.-E.; Wilson, J.F.; Abecasis, G.R.; Assimes, T.L.; Barroso, I.; Boehnke, M.; Borecki, I.B.; Deloukas, P.; Fox, C.S.; Frayling, T.; Groop, L.C.; Haritunian, T.; Heid, I.M.; Hunter, D.; Kaplan, R.C.; Karpe, F.; Moffatt, M.F.; Mohlke, K.L.; O'Connell, J.R.; Pawitan, Y.; Schadt, E.E.; Schlessinger, D.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Strachan, D.P.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; van Duijn, C.M.; Visscher, P.M.; Di Blasio, A.M.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Lindgren, C.M.; Morris, A.P.; Meyre, D.; Scherag, A.; McCarthy, M.I.; Speliotes, E.K.; North, K.E.; Loos, R.J.F.; Ingelsson, E. url  doi
  Title Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 11 new loci for anthropometric traits and provides insights into genetic architecture Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 501-512  
  Keywords *Anthropometry; Body Height/*genetics; Body Mass Index; Case-Control Studies; European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics; *Genetic Predisposition to Disease; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Genotype; Humans; Meta-Analysis as Topic; Obesity/*genetics; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/*genetics; *Quantitative Trait Loci; Waist-Hip Ratio  
  Abstract Approaches exploiting trait distribution extremes may be used to identify loci associated with common traits, but it is unknown whether these loci are generalizable to the broader population. In a genome-wide search for loci associated with the upper versus the lower 5th percentiles of body mass index, height and waist-to-hip ratio, as well as clinical classes of obesity, including up to 263,407 individuals of European ancestry, we identified 4 new loci (IGFBP4, H6PD, RSRC1 and PPP2R2A) influencing height detected in the distribution tails and 7 new loci (HNF4G, RPTOR, GNAT2, MRPS33P4, ADCY9, HS6ST3 and ZZZ3) for clinical classes of obesity. Further, we find a large overlap in genetic structure and the distribution of variants between traits based on extremes and the general population and little etiological heterogeneity between obesity subgroups.  
  Address US Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1061-4036 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23563607 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1466  
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Author (up) Dastani, Z.; Hivert, M.-F.; Timpson, N.; Perry, J.R.B.; Yuan, X.; Scott, R.A.; Henneman, P.; Heid, I.M.; Kizer, J.R.; Lyytikainen, L.-P.; Fuchsberger, C.; Tanaka, T.; Morris, A.P.; Small, K.; Isaacs, A.; Beekman, M.; Coassin, S.; Lohman, K.; Qi, L.; Kanoni, S.; Pankow, J.S.; Uh, H.-W.; Wu, Y.; Bidulescu, A.; Rasmussen-Torvik, L.J.; Greenwood, C.M.T.; Ladouceur, M.; Grimsby, J.; Manning, A.K.; Liu, C.-T.; Kooner, J.; Mooser, V.E.; Vollenweider, P.; Kapur, K.A.; Chambers, J.; Wareham, N.J.; Langenberg, C.; Frants, R.; Willems-Vandijk, K.; Oostra, B.A.; Willems, S.M.; Lamina, C.; Winkler, T.W.; Psaty, B.M.; Tracy, R.P.; Brody, J.; Chen, I.; Viikari, J.; Kahonen, M.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Evans, D.M.; St Pourcain, B.; Sattar, N.; Wood, A.R.; Bandinelli, S.; Carlson, O.D.; Egan, J.M.; Bohringer, S.; van Heemst, D.; Kedenko, L.; Kristiansson, K.; Nuotio, M.-L.; Loo, B.-M.; Harris, T.; Garcia, M.; Kanaya, A.; Haun, M.; Klopp, N.; Wichmann, H.-E.; Deloukas, P.; Katsareli, E.; Couper, D.J.; Duncan, B.B.; Kloppenburg, M.; Adair, L.S.; Borja, J.B.; Wilson, J.G.; Musani, S.; Guo, X.; Johnson, T.; Semple, R.; Teslovich, T.M.; Allison, M.A.; Redline, S.; Buxbaum, S.G.; Mohlke, K.L.; Meulenbelt, I.; Ballantyne, C.M.; Dedoussis, G.V.; Hu, F.B.; Liu, Y.; Paulweber, B.; Spector, T.D.; Slagboom, P.E.; Ferrucci, L.; Jula, A.; Perola, M.; Raitakari, O.; Florez, J.C.; Salomaa, V.; Eriksson, J.G.; Frayling, T.M.; Hicks, A.A.; Lehtimaki, T.; Smith, G.D.; Siscovick, D.S.; Kronenberg, F.; van Duijn, C.; Loos, R.J.F.; Waterworth, D.M.; Meigs, J.B.; Dupuis, J.; Richards, J.B.; Voight, B.F.; Scott, L.J.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Dina, C.; Welch, R.P.; Zeggini, E.; Huth, C.; Aulchenko, Y.S.; Thorleifsson, G.; McCulloch, L.J.; Ferreira, T.; Grallert, H.; Amin, N.; Wu, G.; Willer, C.J.; Raychaudhuri, S.; McCarroll, S.A.; Hofmann, O.M.; Segre, A.V.; van Hoek, M.; Navarro, P.; Ardlie, K.; Balkau, B.; Benediktsson, R.; Bennett, A.J.; Blagieva, R.; Boerwinkle, E.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Bostrom, K.B.; Bravenboer, B.; Bumpstead, S.; Burtt, N.P.; Charpentier, G.; Chines, P.S.; Cornelis, M.; Crawford, G.; Doney, A.S.F.; Elliott, K.S.; Elliott, A.L.; Erdos, M.R.; Fox, C.S.; Franklin, C.S.; Ganser, M.; Gieger, C.; Grarup, N.; Green, T.; Griffin, S.; Groves, C.J.; Guiducci, C.; Hadjadj, S.; Hassanali, N.; Herder, C.; Isomaa, B.; Jackson, A.U.; Johnson, P.R.V.; Jorgensen, T.; Kao, W.H.L.; Kong, A.; Kraft, P.; Kuusisto, J.; Lauritzen, T.; Li, M.; Lieverse, A.; Lindgren, C.M.; Lyssenko, V.; Marre, M.; Meitinger, T.; Midthjell, K.; Morken, M.A.; Narisu, N.; Nilsson, P.; Owen, K.R.; Payne, F.; Petersen, A.-K.; Platou, C.; Proenca, C.; Prokopenko, I.; Rathmann, W.; Rayner, N.W.; Robertson, N.R.; Rocheleau, G.; Roden, M.; Sampson, M.J.; Saxena, R.; Shields, B.M.; Shrader, P.; Sigurdsson, G.; Sparso, T.; Strassburger, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Sun, Q.; Swift, A.J.; Thorand, B.; Tichet, J.; Tuomi, T.; van Dam, R.M.; van Haeften, T.W.; van Herpt, T.; van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Walters, G.B.; Weedon, M.N.; Wijmenga, C.; Witteman, J.; Bergman, R.N.; Cauchi, S.; Collins, F.S.; Gloyn, A.L.; Gyllensten, U.; Hansen, T.; Hide, W.A.; Hitman, G.A.; Hofman, A.; Hunter, D.J.; Hveem, K.; Laakso, M.; Morris, A.D.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Rudan, I.; Sijbrands, E.; Stein, L.D.; Tuomilehto, J.; Uitterlinden, A.; Walker, M.; Watanabe, R.M.; Abecasis, G.R.; Boehm, B.O.; Campbell, H.; Daly, M.J.; Hattersley, A.T.; Pedersen, O.; Barroso, I.; Groop, L.; Sladek, R.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Wilson, J.F.; Illig, T.; Froguel, P.; van Duijn, C.M.; Stefansson, K.; Altshuler, D.; Boehnke, M.; McCarthy, M.I.; Soranzo, N.; Wheeler, E.; Glazer, N.L.; Bouatia-Naji, N.; Magi, R.; Randall, J.; Elliott, P.; Rybin, D.; Dehghan, A.; Hottenga, J.J.; Song, K.; Goel, A.; Lajunen, T.; Doney, A.; Cavalcanti-Proenca, C.; Kumari, M.; Timpson, N.J.; Zabena, C.; Ingelsson, E.; An, P.; O'Connell, J.; Luan, J.'an; Elliott, A.; McCarroll, S.A.; Roccasecca, R.M.; Pattou, F.; Sethupathy, P.; Ariyurek, Y.; Barter, P.; Beilby, J.P.; Ben-Shlomo, Y.; Bergmann, S.; Bochud, M.; Bonnefond, A.; Borch-Johnsen, K.; Bottcher, Y.; Brunner, E.; Bumpstead, S.J.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Chines, P.; Clarke, R.; Coin, L.J.M.; Cooper, M.N.; Crisponi, L.; Day, I.N.M.; de Geus, E.J.C.; Delplanque, J.; Fedson, A.C.; Fischer-Rosinsky, A.; Forouhi, N.G.; Franzosi, M.G.; Galan, P.; Goodarzi, M.O.; Graessler, J.; Grundy, S.; Gwilliam, R.; Hallmans, G.; Hammond, N.; Han, X.; Hartikainen, A.-L.; Hayward, C.; Heath, S.C.; Hercberg, S.; Hillman, D.R.; Hingorani, A.D.; Hui, J.; Hung, J.; Kaakinen, M.; Kaprio, J.; Kesaniemi, Y.A.; Kivimaki, M.; Knight, B.; Koskinen, S.; Kovacs, P.; Kyvik, K.O.; Lathrop, G.M.; Lawlor, D.A.; Le Bacquer, O.; Lecoeur, C.; Li, Y.; Mahley, R.; Mangino, M.; Martinez-Larrad, M.T.; McAteer, J.B.; McPherson, R.; Meisinger, C.; Melzer, D.; Meyre, D.; Mitchell, B.D.; Mukherjee, S.; Naitza, S.; Neville, M.J.; Orru, M.; Pakyz, R.; Paolisso, G.; Pattaro, C.; Pearson, D.; Peden, J.F.; Pedersen, N.L.; Pfeiffer, A.F.H.; Pichler, I.; Polasek, O.; Posthuma, D.; Potter, S.C.; Pouta, A.; Province, M.A.; Rayner, N.W.; Rice, K.; Ripatti, S.; Rivadeneira, F.; Rolandsson, O.; Sandbaek, A.; Sandhu, M.; Sanna, S.; Sayer, A.A.; Scheet, P.; Seedorf, U.; Sharp, S.J.; Shields, B.; Sigurethsson, G.; Sijbrands, E.J.G.; Silveira, A.; Simpson, L.; Singleton, A.; Smith, N.L.; Sovio, U.; Swift, A.; Syddall, H.; Syvanen, A.-C.; Tonjes, A.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; van Dijk, K.W.; Varma, D.; Visvikis-Siest, S.; Vitart, V.; Vogelzangs, N.; Waeber, G.; Wagner, P.J.; Walley, A.; Ward, K.L.; Watkins, H.; Wild, S.H.; Willemsen, G.; Witteman, J.C.M.; Yarnell, J.W.G.; Zelenika, D.; Zethelius, B.; Zhai, G.; Zhao, J.H.; Zillikens, M.C.; Borecki, I.B.; Meneton, P.; Magnusson, P.K.E.; Nathan, D.M.; Williams, G.H.; Silander, K.; Bornstein, S.R.; Schwarz, P.; Spranger, J.; Karpe, F.; Shuldiner, A.R.; Cooper, C.; Serrano-Rios, M.; Lind, L.; Palmer, L.J.; Hu, F.B. 1st; Franks, P.W.; Ebrahim, S.; Marmot, M.; Kao, W.H.L.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Wright, A.F.; Stumvoll, M.; Hamsten, A.; Buchanan, T.A.; Valle, T.T.; Rotter, J.I.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.; Boomsma, D.I.; Cao, A.; Scuteri, A.; Schlessinger, D.; Uda, M.; Ruokonen, A.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Peltonen, L.; Mooser, V.; Sladek, R.; Musunuru, K.; Smith, A.V.; Edmondson, A.C.; Stylianou, I.M.; Koseki, M.; Pirruccello, J.P.; Chasman, D.I.; Johansen, C.T.; Fouchier, S.W.; Peloso, G.M.; Barbalic, M.; Ricketts, S.L.; Bis, J.C.; Feitosa, M.F.; Orho-Melander, M.; Melander, O.; Li, X.; Li, M.; Cho, Y.S.; Go, M.J.; Kim, Y.J.; Lee, J.-Y.; Park, T.; Kim, K.; Sim, X.; Ong, R.T.-H.; Croteau-Chonka, D.C.; Lange, L.A.; Smith, J.D.; Ziegler, A.; Zhang, W.; Zee, R.Y.L.; Whitfield, J.B.; Thompson, J.R.; Surakka, I.; Spector, T.D.; Smit, J.H.; Sinisalo, J.; Scott, J.; Saharinen, J.; Sabatti, C.; Rose, L.M.; Roberts, R.; Rieder, M.; Parker, A.N.; Pare, G.; O'Donnell, C.J.; Nieminen, M.S.; Nickerson, D.A.; Montgomery, G.W.; McArdle, W.; Masson, D.; Martin, N.G.; Marroni, F.; Lucas, G.; Luben, R.; Lokki, M.-L.; Lettre, G.; Launer, L.J.; Lakatta, E.G.; Laaksonen, R.; Kyvik, K.O.; Konig, I.R.; Khaw, K.-T.; Kaplan, L.M.; Johansson, A.; Janssens, A.C.J.W.; Igl, W.; Hovingh, G.K.; Hengstenberg, C.; Havulinna, A.S.; Hastie, N.D.; Harris, T.B.; Haritunians, T.; Hall, A.S.; Groop, L.C.; Gonzalez, E.; Freimer, N.B.; Erdmann, J.; Ejebe, K.G.; Doring, A.; Dominiczak, A.F.; Demissie, S.; Deloukas, P.; de Faire, U.; Crawford, G.; Chen, Y.-der I.; Caulfield, M.J.; Boekholdt, S.M.; Assimes, T.L.; Quertermous, T.; Seielstad, M.; Wong, T.Y.; Tai, E.-S.; Feranil, A.B.; Kuzawa, C.W.; Taylor, H.A.J.; Gabriel, S.B.; Holm, H.; Gudnason, V.; Krauss, R.M.; Ordovas, J.M.; Munroe, P.B.; Kooner, J.S.; Tall, A.R.; Hegele, R.A.; Kastelein, J.J.P.; Schadt, E.E.; Strachan, D.P.; Reilly, M.P.; Samani, N.J.; Schunkert, H.; Cupples, L.A.; Sandhu, M.S.; Ridker, P.M.; Rader, D.J.; Kathiresan, S. url  doi
  Title Novel loci for adiponectin levels and their influence on type 2 diabetes and metabolic traits: a multi-ethnic meta-analysis of 45,891 individuals Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication PLoS Genetics Abbreviated Journal PLoS Genet  
  Volume 8 Issue 3 Pages e1002607  
  Keywords Adiponectin/*blood/genetics; African Americans; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Cholesterol, HDL/genetics; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*genetics; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Gene Expression; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Glucose Tolerance Test; Humans; Insulin Resistance/genetics; Male; Metabolic Networks and Pathways; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Waist-Hip Ratio  
  Abstract Circulating levels of adiponectin, a hormone produced predominantly by adipocytes, are highly heritable and are inversely associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and other metabolic traits. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in 39,883 individuals of European ancestry to identify genes associated with metabolic disease. We identified 8 novel loci associated with adiponectin levels and confirmed 2 previously reported loci (P = 4.5x10(-8)-1.2x10(-43)). Using a novel method to combine data across ethnicities (N = 4,232 African Americans, N = 1,776 Asians, and N = 29,347 Europeans), we identified two additional novel loci. Expression analyses of 436 human adipocyte samples revealed that mRNA levels of 18 genes at candidate regions were associated with adiponectin concentrations after accounting for multiple testing (p<3x10(-4)). We next developed a multi-SNP genotypic risk score to test the association of adiponectin decreasing risk alleles on metabolic traits and diseases using consortia-level meta-analytic data. This risk score was associated with increased risk of T2D (p = 4.3x10(-3), n = 22,044), increased triglycerides (p = 2.6x10(-14), n = 93,440), increased waist-to-hip ratio (p = 1.8x10(-5), n = 77,167), increased glucose two hours post oral glucose tolerance testing (p = 4.4x10(-3), n = 15,234), increased fasting insulin (p = 0.015, n = 48,238), but with lower in HDL-cholesterol concentrations (p = 4.5x10(-13), n = 96,748) and decreased BMI (p = 1.4x10(-4), n = 121,335). These findings identify novel genetic determinants of adiponectin levels, which, taken together, influence risk of T2D and markers of insulin resistance.  
  Address Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, Jewish General Hospital, Lady Davis Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada  
  Corporate Author GLGC Consortium Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1553-7390 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22479202; PMC3315470 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1516  
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Author (up) Gaulton, K.J.; Ferreira, T.; Lee, Y.; Raimondo, A.; Magi, R.; Reschen, M.E.; Mahajan, A.; Locke, A.; William Rayner, N.; Robertson, N.; Scott, R.A.; Prokopenko, I.; Scott, L.J.; Green, T.; Sparso, T.; Thuillier, D.; Yengo, L.; Grallert, H.; Wahl, S.; Franberg, M.; Strawbridge, R.J.; Kestler, H.; Chheda, H.; Eisele, L.; Gustafsson, S.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Thorleifsson, G.; Qi, L.; Karssen, L.C.; van Leeuwen, E.M.; Willems, S.M.; Li, M.; Chen, H.; Fuchsberger, C.; Kwan, P.; Ma, C.; Linderman, M.; Lu, Y.; Thomsen, S.K.; Rundle, J.K.; Beer, N.L.; van de Bunt, M.; Chalisey, A.; Kang, H.M.; Voight, B.F.; Abecasis, G.R.; Almgren, P.; Baldassarre, D.; Balkau, B.; Benediktsson, R.; Bluher, M.; Boeing, H.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Bottinger, E.P.; Burtt, N.P.; Carey, J.; Charpentier, G.; Chines, P.S.; Cornelis, M.C.; Couper, D.J.; Crenshaw, A.T.; van Dam, R.M.; Doney, A.S.; Dorkhan, M.; Edkins, S.; Eriksson, J.G.; Esko, T.; Eury, E.; Fadista, J.; Flannick, J.; Fontanillas, P.; Fox, C.; Franks, P.W.; Gertow, K.; Gieger, C.; Gigante, B.; Gottesman, O.; Grant, G.B.; Grarup, N.; Groves, C.J.; Hassinen, M.; Have, C.T.; Herder, C.; Holmen, O.L.; Hreidarsson, A.B.; Humphries, S.E.; Hunter, D.J.; Jackson, A.U.; Jonsson, A.; Jorgensen, M.E.; Jorgensen, T.; Kao, W.H.; Kerrison, N.D.; Kinnunen, L.; Klopp, N.; Kong, A.; Kovacs, P.; Kraft, P.; Kravic, J.; Langford, C.; Leander, K.; Liang, L.; Lichtner, P.; Lindgren, C.M.; Lindholm, E.; Linneberg, A.; Liu, C.T.; Lobbens, S.; Luan, J.; Lyssenko, V.; Mannisto, S.; McLeod, O.; Meyer, J.; Mihailov, E.; Mirza, G.; Muhleisen, T.W.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Navarro, C.; Nothen, M.M.; Oskolkov, N.N.; Owen, K.R.; Palli, D.; Pechlivanis, S.; Peltonen, L.; Perry, J.R.; Platou, C.G.; Roden, M.; Ruderfer, D.; Rybin, D.; van der Schouw, Y.T.; Sennblad, B.; Sigurethsson, G.; Stancakova, A.; Steinbach, G.; Storm, P.; Strauch, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Sun, Q.; Thorand, B.; Tikkanen, E.; Tonjes, A.; Trakalo, J.; Tremoli, E.; Tuomi, T.; Wennauer, R.; Wiltshire, S.; Wood, A.R.; Zeggini, E.; Dunham, I.; Birney, E.; Pasquali, L.; Ferrer, J.; Loos, R.J.; Dupuis, J.; Florez, J.C.; Boerwinkle, E.; Pankow, J.S.; van Duijn, C.; Sijbrands, E.; Meigs, J.B.; Hu, F.B.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Stefansson, K.; Lakka, T.A.; Rauramaa, R.; Stumvoll, M.; Pedersen, N.L.; Lind, L.; Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, S.M.; Korpi-Hyovalti, E.; Saaristo, T.E.; Saltevo, J.; Kuusisto, J.; Laakso, M.; Metspalu, A.; Erbel, R.; Jocke, K.H.; Moebus, S.; Ripatti, S.; Salomaa, V.; Ingelsson, E.; Boehm, B.O.; Bergman, R.N.; Collins, F.S.; Mohlke, K.L.; Koistinen, H.; Tuomilehto, J.; Hveem, K.; Njolstad, I.; Deloukas, P.; Donnelly, P.J.; Frayling, T.M.; Hattersley, A.T.; de Faire, U.; Hamsten, A.; Illig, T.; Peters, A.; Cauchi, S.; Sladek, R.; Froguel, P.; Hansen, T.; Pedersen, O.; Morris, A.D.; Palmer, C.N.; Kathiresan, S.; Melander, O.; Nilsson, P.M.; Groop, L.C.; Barroso, I.; Langenberg, C.; Wareham, N.J.; O'Callaghan, C.A.; Gloyn, A.L.; Altshuler, D.; Boehnke, M.; Teslovich, T.M.; McCarthy, M.I.; Morris, A.P.; Replication, D.I.A.G.; Meta-analysis, C. url  doi
  Title Genetic fine mapping and genomic annotation defines causal mechanisms at type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Nat Genet Abbreviated Journal Nature genetics  
  Volume 47 Issue 12 Pages 1415-1425  
  Keywords HUNT2; metabochip; Binding Sites; Case-Control Studies; Chromatin Immunoprecipitation; *Chromosome Mapping; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*genetics; Gene Expression Regulation; *Genetic Loci; *Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genome-Wide Association Study; Genomics; Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-beta/*genetics/metabolism; Humans; Islets of Langerhans/metabolism/pathology; Liver/metabolism/pathology; Molecular Sequence Annotation; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/*genetics; Receptor, Melatonin, MT2/*genetics/metabolism  
  Abstract We performed fine mapping of 39 established type 2 diabetes (T2D) loci in 27,206 cases and 57,574 controls of European ancestry. We identified 49 distinct association signals at these loci, including five mapping in or near KCNQ1. 'Credible sets' of the variants most likely to drive each distinct signal mapped predominantly to noncoding sequence, implying that association with T2D is mediated through gene regulation. Credible set variants were enriched for overlap with FOXA2 chromatin immunoprecipitation binding sites in human islet and liver cells, including at MTNR1B, where fine mapping implicated rs10830963 as driving T2D association. We confirmed that the T2D risk allele for this SNP increases FOXA2-bound enhancer activity in islet- and liver-derived cells. We observed allele-specific differences in NEUROD1 binding in islet-derived cells, consistent with evidence that the T2D risk allele increases islet MTNR1B expression. Our study demonstrates how integration of genetic and genomic information can define molecular mechanisms through which variants underlying association signals exert their effects on disease.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.Department of Genetics, S Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Gaulton, Kyle JFerreira, TeresaLee, YejiRaimondo, AnneMagi, ReedikReschen, Michael EMahajan, AnubhaLocke, AdamWilliam Rayner, NRobertson, NeilScott, Robert AProkopenko, IngaScott, Laura JGreen, ToddSparso, ThomasThuillier, DorotheeYengo, LoicGrallert, HaraldWahl, SimoneFranberg, MattiasStrawbridge, Rona JKestler, HansChheda, HimanshuEisele, LewinGustafsson, StefanSteinthorsdottir, ValgerdurThorleifsson, GudmarQi, LuKarssen, Lennart Cvan Leeuwen, Elisabeth MWillems, Sara MLi, ManChen, HanFuchsberger, ChristianKwan, PhoenixMa, ClementLinderman, MichaelLu, YingchangThomsen, Soren KRundle, Jana KBeer, Nicola Lvan de Bunt, MartijnChalisey, AnilKang, Hyun MinVoight, Benjamin FAbecasis, Goncalo RAlmgren, PeterBaldassarre, DamianoBalkau, BeverleyBenediktsson, RafnBluher, MatthiasBoeing, HeinerBonnycastle, Lori LBottinger, Erwin PBurtt, Noel PCarey, JasonCharpentier, GuillaumeChines, Peter SCornelis, Marilyn CCouper, David JCrenshaw, Andrew Tvan Dam, Rob MDoney, Alex S FDorkhan, MozhganEdkins, SarahEriksson, Johan GEsko, TonuEury, ElodieFadista, JoaoFlannick, JasonFontanillas, PierreFox, CarolineFranks, Paul WGertow, KarlGieger, ChristianGigante, BrunaGottesman, OmriGrant, George BGrarup, NielsGroves, Christopher JHassinen, MaijaHave, Christian THerder, ChristianHolmen, Oddgeir LHreidarsson, Astradur BHumphries, Steve EHunter, David JJackson, Anne UJonsson, AnnaJorgensen, Marit EJorgensen, TorbenKao, Wen-Hong LKerrison, Nicola DKinnunen, LeenaKlopp, NormanKong, AugustineKovacs, PeterKraft, PeterKravic, JasminaLangford, CordeliaLeander, KarinLiang, LimingLichtner, PeterLindgren, Cecilia MLindholm, EeroLinneberg, AllanLiu, Ching-TiLobbens, StephaneLuan, Jian'anLyssenko, ValeriyaMannisto, SatuMcLeod, OlgaMeyer, JuliaMihailov, EvelinMirza, GhazalaMuhleisen, Thomas WMuller-Nurasyid, MartinaNavarro, CarmenNothen, Markus MOskolkov, Nikolay NOwen, Katharine RPalli, DomenicoPechlivanis, SonaliPeltonen, LeenaPerry, John R BPlatou, Carl G PRoden, MichaelRuderfer, DouglasRybin, Denisvan der Schouw, Yvonne TSennblad, BengtSigurethsson, GunnarStancakova, AlenaSteinbach, GeraldStorm, PetterStrauch, KonstantinStringham, Heather MSun, QiThorand, BarbaraTikkanen, EmmiTonjes, AnkeTrakalo, JosephTremoli, ElenaTuomi, TiinamaijaWennauer, RomanWiltshire, StevenWood, Andrew RZeggini, EleftheriaDunham, IanBirney, EwanPasquali, LorenzoFerrer, JorgeLoos, Ruth J FDupuis, JoseeFlorez, Jose CBoerwinkle, EricPankow, James Svan Duijn, CorneliaSijbrands, EricMeigs, James BHu, Frank BThorsteinsdottir, UnnurStefansson, KariLakka, Timo ARauramaa, RainerStumvoll, MichaelPedersen, Nancy LLind, LarsKeinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka MKorpi-Hyovalti, EevaSaaristo, Timo ESaltevo, JuhaKuusisto, JohannaLaakso, MarkkuMetspalu, AndresErbel, RaimundJocke, Karl-HeinzMoebus, SusanneRipatti, SamuliSalomaa, VeikkoIngelsson, ErikBoehm, Bernhard OBergman, Richard NCollins, Francis SMohlke, Karen LKoistinen, HeikkiTuomilehto, JaakkoHveem, KristianNjolstad, IngerDeloukas, PanagiotisDonnelly, Peter JFrayling, Timothy MHattersley, Andrew Tde Faire, UlfHamsten, AndersIllig, ThomasPeters, AnnetteCauchi, StephaneSladek, RobFroguel, PhilippeHansen, TorbenPedersen, OlufMorris, Andrew DPalmer, Collin N AKathiresan, SekarMelander, OlleNilsson, Peter MGroop, Leif CBarroso, InesLangenberg, ClaudiaWareham, Nicholas JO'Callaghan, Christopher AGloyn, Anna LAltshuler, DavidBoehnke, MichaelTeslovich, Tanya MMcCarthy, Mark IMorris, Andrew P(DIAGRAM)eng098395/Wellcome Trust/United KingdomHHSN268201100005C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100006C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100007C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100008C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100009C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100010C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100011C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100012C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/K24 DK080140/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/N01 HC025195/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/N01 HG065403/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/N02 HL64278/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/R01 AG010175/AG/NIA NIH HHS/R01 DK062370/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 DK072193/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 DK073490/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 DK078616/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 DK098032/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 HL059367/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/R01 HL086694/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/R01 HL087641/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/U01 DK085526/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/U01 DK085545/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/U01 HG004399/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/U01 HG004402/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/UL1 RR025005/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/Z01 HG000024-13/Intramural NIH HHS/2015/11/10 06:00Nat Genet. 2015 Dec;47(12):1415-25. doi: 10.1038/ng.3437. Epub 2015 Nov 9. Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Gaulton2015 Serial 1810  
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Author (up) Graff, M.; Scott, R.A.; Justice, A.E.; Young, K.L.; Feitosa, M.F.; Barata, L.; Winkler, T.W.; Chu, A.Y.; Mahajan, A.; Hadley, D.; Xue, L.; Workalemahu, T.; Heard-Costa, N.L.; den Hoed, M.; Ahluwalia, T.S.; Qi, Q.; Ngwa, J.S.; Renstrom, F.; Quaye, L.; Eicher, J.D.; Hayes, J.E.; Cornelis, M.; Kutalik, Z.; Lim, E.; Luan, J.'an; Huffman, J.E.; Zhang, W.; Zhao, W.; Griffin, P.J.; Haller, T.; Ahmad, S.; Marques-Vidal, P.M.; Bien, S.; Yengo, L.; Teumer, A.; Smith, A.V.; Kumari, M.; Harder, M.N.; Justesen, J.M.; Kleber, M.E.; Hollensted, M.; Lohman, K.; Rivera, N.V.; Whitfield, J.B.; Zhao, J.H.; Stringham, H.M.; Lyytikainen, L.-P.; Huppertz, C.; Willemsen, G.; Peyrot, W.J.; Wu, Y.; Kristiansson, K.; Demirkan, A.; Fornage, M.; Hassinen, M.; Bielak, L.F.; Cadby, G.; Tanaka, T.; Magi, R.; van der Most, P.J.; Jackson, A.U.; Bragg-Gresham, J.L.; Vitart, V.; Marten, J.; Navarro, P.; Bellis, C.; Pasko, D.; Johansson, A.; Snitker, S.; Cheng, Y.-C.; Eriksson, J.; Lim, U.; Aadahl, M.; Adair, L.S.; Amin, N.; Balkau, B.; Auvinen, J.; Beilby, J.; Bergman, R.N.; Bergmann, S.; Bertoni, A.G.; Blangero, J.; Bonnefond, A.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Borja, J.B.; Brage, S.; Busonero, F.; Buyske, S.; Campbell, H.; Chines, P.S.; Collins, F.S.; Corre, T.; Smith, G.D.; Delgado, G.E.; Dueker, N.; Dorr, M.; Ebeling, T.; Eiriksdottir, G.; Esko, T.; Faul, J.D.; Fu, M.; Faerch, K.; Gieger, C.; Glaser, S.; Gong, J.; Gordon-Larsen, P.; Grallert, H.; Grammer, T.B.; Grarup, N.; van Grootheest, G.; Harald, K.; Hastie, N.D.; Havulinna, A.S.; Hernandez, D.; Hindorff, L.; Hocking, L.J.; Holmens, O.L.; Holzapfel, C.; Hottenga, J.J.; Huang, J.; Huang, T.; Hui, J.; Huth, C.; Hutri-Kahonen, N.; James, A.L.; Jansson, J.-O.; Jhun, M.A.; Juonala, M.; Kinnunen, L.; Koistinen, H.A.; Kolcic, I.; Komulainen, P.; Kuusisto, J.; Kvaloy, K.; Kahonen, M.; Lakka, T.A.; Launer, L.J.; Lehne, B.; Lindgren, C.M.; Lorentzon, M.; Luben, R.; Marre, M.; Milaneschi, Y.; Monda, K.L.; Montgomery, G.W.; De Moor, M.H.M.; Mulas, A.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Musk, A.W.; Mannikko, R.; Mannisto, S.; Narisu, N.; Nauck, M.; Nettleton, J.A.; Nolte, I.M.; Oldehinkel, A.J.; Olden, M.; Ong, K.K.; Padmanabhan, S.; Paternoster, L.; Perez, J.; Perola, M.; Peters, A.; Peters, U.; Peyser, P.A.; Prokopenko, I.; Puolijoki, H.; Raitakari, O.T.; Rankinen, T.; Rasmussen-Torvik, L.J.; Rawal, R.; Ridker, P.M.; Rose, L.M.; Rudan, I.; Sarti, C.; Sarzynski, M.A.; Savonen, K.; Scott, W.R.; Sanna, S.; Shuldiner, A.R.; Sidney, S.; Silbernagel, G.; Smith, B.H.; Smith, J.A.; Snieder, H.; Stancakova, A.; Sternfeld, B.; Swift, A.J.; Tammelin, T.; Tan, S.-T.; Thorand, B.; Thuillier, D.; Vandenput, L.; Vestergaard, H.; van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Vohl, M.-C.; Volker, U.; Waeber, G.; Walker, M.; Wild, S.; Wong, A.; Wright, A.F.; Zillikens, M.C.; Zubair, N.; Haiman, C.A.; Lemarchand, L.; Gyllensten, U.; Ohlsson, C.; Hofman, A.; Rivadeneira, F.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Perusse, L.; Wilson, J.F.; Hayward, C.; Polasek, O.; Cucca, F.; Hveem, K.; Hartman, C.A.; Tonjes, A.; Bandinelli, S.; Palmer, L.J.; Kardia, S.L.R.; Rauramaa, R.; Sorensen, T.I.A.; Tuomilehto, J.; Salomaa, V.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.; de Geus, E.J.C.; Boomsma, D.I.; Lehtimaki, T.; Mangino, M.; Laakso, M.; Bouchard, C.; Martin, N.G.; Kuh, D.; Liu, Y.; Linneberg, A.; Marz, W.; Strauch, K.; Kivimaki, M.; Harris, T.B.; Gudnason, V.; Volzke, H.; Qi, L.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Chambers, J.C.; Kooner, J.S.; Froguel, P.; Kooperberg, C.; Vollenweider, P.; Hallmans, G.; Hansen, T.; Pedersen, O.; Metspalu, A.; Wareham, N.J.; Langenberg, C.; Weir, D.R.; Porteous, D.J.; Boerwinkle, E.; Chasman, D.I.; Abecasis, G.R.; Barroso, I.; McCarthy, M.I.; Frayling, T.M.; O'Connell, J.R.; van Duijn, C.M.; Boehnke, M.; Heid, I.M.; Mohlke, K.L.; Strachan, D.P.; Fox, C.S.; Liu, C.-T.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Klein, R.J.; Johnson, A.D.; Borecki, I.B.; Franks, P.W.; North, K.E.; Cupples, L.A.; Loos, R.J.F.; Kilpelainen, T.O. url  doi
  Title Genome-wide physical activity interactions in adiposity – A meta-analysis of 200,452 adults Type Meta-Analysis
  Year 2017 Publication PLoS Genetics Abbreviated Journal PLoS Genet  
  Volume 13 Issue 4 Pages e1006528  
  Keywords Adiposity/*genetics/physiology; Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/*genetics; Body Mass Index; Epigenomics; *Exercise; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genome-Wide Association Study; Genotype; Humans; Male; Obesity/*genetics/physiopathology; Waist Circumference; Waist-Hip Ratio  
  Abstract Physical activity (PA) may modify the genetic effects that give rise to increased risk of obesity. To identify adiposity loci whose effects are modified by PA, we performed genome-wide interaction meta-analyses of BMI and BMI-adjusted waist circumference and waist-hip ratio from up to 200,452 adults of European (n = 180,423) or other ancestry (n = 20,029). We standardized PA by categorizing it into a dichotomous variable where, on average, 23% of participants were categorized as inactive and 77% as physically active. While we replicate the interaction with PA for the strongest known obesity-risk locus in the FTO gene, of which the effect is attenuated by ~30% in physically active individuals compared to inactive individuals, we do not identify additional loci that are sensitive to PA. In additional genome-wide meta-analyses adjusting for PA and interaction with PA, we identify 11 novel adiposity loci, suggesting that accounting for PA or other environmental factors that contribute to variation in adiposity may facilitate gene discovery.  
  Address The Department of Preventive Medicine, The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, United States of America  
  Corporate Author PAGE Consortium Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1553-7390 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28448500; PMCID:PMC5407576 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1909  
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Author (up) Jolle, A.; Asvold, B.O.; Holmen, J.; Carlsen, S.M.; Tuomilehto, J.; Bjorngaard, J.H.; Midthjell, K. url  doi
  Title Basic lifestyle advice to individuals at high risk of type 2 diabetes: a 2-year population-based diabetes prevention study. The DE-PLAN intervention in the HUNT Study, Norway Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care Abbreviated Journal BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care  
  Volume 6 Issue 1 Pages e000509  
  Keywords lifestyle change(s); prevention; screening; type 2 diabetes  
  Abstract Objective: Among individuals at high risk for diabetes identified through a population survey, we performed an intervention study with basic lifestyle advice aiming to prevent diabetes. Research design and methods: Among 50 806 participants in the HUNT3 Survey (2006-2008), 5297 individuals with Finnish Diabetes Risc Score (FINDRISC >/=15 were invited to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and an education session with lifestyle advice, and 2634 (49.7%) attended. Among them, 2380 people without diabetes were included in the prevention study with repeated examinations and education sessions after 6, 12, and 24 months. We examined participation, diabetes incidence, glycemia, and adiposity during follow-up. Results: Of 2380 participants, 1212 (50.9%) participated in >/=3 of the four examinations. Diabetes was detected in 3.5%, 3.1%, and 4.0% of individuals at the 6-month, 12-month, and 24-month examinations, respectively, indicating a 10.3% 2-year diabetes incidence. Mean (95% CI) increases from baseline to 2-year follow-up were 0.30 (0.29 to 0.32) percentage points (3.3 (3.2 to 3.5) mmol/mol) for Hemoglobin A1c, 0.13 (0.10 to 0.16) mmol/L for fasting serum-glucose, 0.46 (0.36 to 0.56) mmol/L for 2-hour OGTT s-glucose, 0.30 (0.19 to 0.40) kg/m(2) forbody mass index (BMI) (all p<0.001) and -0.5 (-0.9 to -0.2) cm for waist circumference (p=0.004), with broadly similar estimates by baseline age, sex, education, depressive symptoms, BMI, physical activity, and family history of diabetes. Only 206 (8.7%) participants had evidence of >5% weight loss during follow-up; their fasting and 2-hour s-glucose did not increase, and HbA1c increased less than in other participants. Conclusion: Basic lifestyle advice given to high-risk individuals during three group sessions with 6-month intervals was not effective in reducing 2-year diabetes risk.  
  Address HUNT Research Centre, Department of Public Health and Nursing, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Levanger, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2052-4897 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:29765613; PMCID:PMC5950645 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 2107  
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Author (up) Jolle, A.; Midthjell, K.; Holmen, J.; Tuomilehto, J.; Carlsen, S.M.; Shaw, J.; Asvold, B.O. url  doi
  Title Impact of sex and age on the performance of FINDRISC: the HUNT Study in Norway Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care Abbreviated Journal BMJ open diabetes research & care  
  Volume 4 Issue 1 Pages e000217  
  Keywords  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) is recommended as a screening tool for diabetes risk. However, there is a lack of well-powered studies examining the performance of FINDRISC by sex and age. We aim to estimate, by sex and age, the prevalence of elevated FINDRISC and positive predictive value (PPV) of FINDRISC for identifying impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) in a general Norwegian population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We estimated the prevalence of elevated FINDRISC (>/=15) among 47 694 adults in the third survey of the Nord-Trondelag Health Study (HUNT3, 2006-08). Among 2559 participants who participated in oral glucose tolerance testing, we estimated the PPV of elevated FINDRISC for identifying unknown prevalent diabetes and other forms of IGM. RESULTS: The prevalence of elevated FINDRISC was 12.1% in women, 9.6% in men, and increased from 1.5% at age 20-39 to 25.1% at age 70-79 years. The PPVs of elevated FINDRISC were 9.8% for diabetes, 16.9% for impaired glucose tolerance, 8.2% for impaired fasting glucose, and 34.9% for any form of IGM. The PPV for IGM was lower in women (31.2%) than in men (40.4%), and increased from 19.1% at age 20-39 to 55.5% at age >/=80 years. CONCLUSIONS: FINDRISC identified more women than men as high-risk individuals for diabetes. FINDRISC had a high PPV for detecting prevalent IGM, and the PPV was higher in men than in women and in the older individuals. Our data indicate that the impact of sex and age on diabetes risk is not fully captured by FINDRISC, and that refinements to it might improve diabetes prediction.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and General Practice , HUNT Research Centre, NTNU, Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Jolle, AnneMidthjell, KristianHolmen, JosteinTuomilehto, JaakkoCarlsen, Sven MShaw, JonathanAsvold, Bjorn OengEngland2016/07/13 06:00BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care. 2016 Jun 22;4(1):e000217. doi: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2016-000217. eCollection 2016. Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Jolle2016 Serial 1758  
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Author (up) Justice, A.E.; Winkler, T.W.; Feitosa, M.F.; Graff, M.; Fisher, V.A.; Young, K.; Barata, L.; Deng, X.; Czajkowski, J.; Hadley, D.; Ngwa, J.S.; Ahluwalia, T.S.; Chu, A.Y.; Heard-Costa, N.L.; Lim, E.; Perez, J.; Eicher, J.D.; Kutalik, Z.; Xue, L.; Mahajan, A.; Renstrom, F.; Wu, J.; Qi, Q.; Ahmad, S.; Alfred, T.; Amin, N.; Bielak, L.F.; Bonnefond, A.; Bragg, J.; Cadby, G.; Chittani, M.; Coggeshall, S.; Corre, T.; Direk, N.; Eriksson, J.; Fischer, K.; Gorski, M.; Neergaard Harder, M.; Horikoshi, M.; Huang, T.; Huffman, J.E.; Jackson, A.U.; Justesen, J.M.; Kanoni, S.; Kinnunen, L.; Kleber, M.E.; Komulainen, P.; Kumari, M.; Lim, U.; Luan, J.'an; Lyytikainen, L.-P.; Mangino, M.; Manichaikul, A.; Marten, J.; Middelberg, R.P.S.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Navarro, P.; Perusse, L.; Pervjakova, N.; Sarti, C.; Smith, A.V.; Smith, J.A.; Stancakova, A.; Strawbridge, R.J.; Stringham, H.M.; Sung, Y.J.; Tanaka, T.; Teumer, A.; Trompet, S.; van der Laan, S.W.; van der Most, P.J.; Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Vedantam, S.L.; Verweij, N.; Vink, J.M.; Vitart, V.; Wu, Y.; Yengo, L.; Zhang, W.; Hua Zhao, J.; Zimmermann, M.E.; Zubair, N.; Abecasis, G.R.; Adair, L.S.; Afaq, S.; Afzal, U.; Bakker, S.J.L.; Bartz, T.M.; Beilby, J.; Bergman, R.N.; Bergmann, S.; Biffar, R.; Blangero, J.; Boerwinkle, E.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Bottinger, E.; Braga, D.; Buckley, B.M.; Buyske, S.; Campbell, H.; Chambers, J.C.; Collins, F.S.; Curran, J.E.; de Borst, G.J.; de Craen, A.J.M.; de Geus, E.J.C.; Dedoussis, G.; Delgado, G.E.; den Ruijter, H.M.; Eiriksdottir, G.; Eriksson, A.L.; Esko, T.; Faul, J.D.; Ford, I.; Forrester, T.; Gertow, K.; Gigante, B.; Glorioso, N.; Gong, J.; Grallert, H.; Grammer, T.B.; Grarup, N.; Haitjema, S.; Hallmans, G.; Hamsten, A.; Hansen, T.; Harris, T.B.; Hartman, C.A.; Hassinen, M.; Hastie, N.D.; Heath, A.C.; Hernandez, D.; Hindorff, L.; Hocking, L.J.; Hollensted, M.; Holmen, O.L.; Homuth, G.; Jan Hottenga, J.; Huang, J.; Hung, J.; Hutri-Kahonen, N.; Ingelsson, E.; James, A.L.; Jansson, J.-O.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Jhun, M.A.; Jorgensen, M.E.; Juonala, M.; Kahonen, M.; Karlsson, M.; Koistinen, H.A.; Kolcic, I.; Kolovou, G.; Kooperberg, C.; Kramer, B.K.; Kuusisto, J.; Kvaloy, K.; Lakka, T.A.; Langenberg, C.; Launer, L.J.; Leander, K.; Lee, N.R.; Lind, L.; Lindgren, C.M.; Linneberg, A.; Lobbens, S.; Loh, M.; Lorentzon, M.; Luben, R.; Lubke, G.; Ludolph-Donislawski, A.; Lupoli, S.; Madden, P.A.F.; Mannikko, R.; Marques-Vidal, P.; Martin, N.G.; McKenzie, C.A.; McKnight, B.; Mellstrom, D.; Menni, C.; Montgomery, G.W.; Musk, A.B.; Narisu, N.; Nauck, M.; Nolte, I.M.; Oldehinkel, A.J.; Olden, M.; Ong, K.K.; Padmanabhan, S.; Peyser, P.A.; Pisinger, C.; Porteous, D.J.; Raitakari, O.T.; Rankinen, T.; Rao, D.C.; Rasmussen-Torvik, L.J.; Rawal, R.; Rice, T.; Ridker, P.M.; Rose, L.M.; Bien, S.A.; Rudan, I.; Sanna, S.; Sarzynski, M.A.; Sattar, N.; Savonen, K.; Schlessinger, D.; Scholtens, S.; Schurmann, C.; Scott, R.A.; Sennblad, B.; Siemelink, M.A.; Silbernagel, G.; Slagboom, P.E.; Snieder, H.; Staessen, J.A.; Stott, D.J.; Swertz, M.A.; Swift, A.J.; Taylor, K.D.; Tayo, B.O.; Thorand, B.; Thuillier, D.; Tuomilehto, J.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Vandenput, L.; Vohl, M.-C.; Volzke, H.; Vonk, J.M.; Waeber, G.; Waldenberger, M.; Westendorp, R.G.J.; Wild, S.; Willemsen, G.; Wolffenbuttel, B.H.R.; Wong, A.; Wright, A.F.; Zhao, W.; Zillikens, M.C.; Baldassarre, D.; Balkau, B.; Bandinelli, S.; Boger, C.A.; Boomsma, D.I.; Bouchard, C.; Bruinenberg, M.; Chasman, D.I.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Chines, P.S.; Cooper, R.S.; Cucca, F.; Cusi, D.; Faire, U. de; Ferrucci, L.; Franks, P.W.; Froguel, P.; Gordon-Larsen, P.; Grabe, H.-J.; Gudnason, V.; Haiman, C.A.; Hayward, C.; Hveem, K.; Johnson, A.D.; Wouter Jukema, J.; Kardia, S.L.R.; Kivimaki, M.; Kooner, J.S.; Kuh, D.; Laakso, M.; Lehtimaki, T.; Marchand, L.L.; Marz, W.; McCarthy, M.I.; Metspalu, A.; Morris, A.P.; Ohlsson, C.; Palmer, L.J.; Pasterkamp, G.; Pedersen, O.; Peters, A.; Peters, U.; Polasek, O.; Psaty, B.M.; Qi, L.; Rauramaa, R.; Smith, B.H.; Sorensen, T.I.A.; Strauch, K.; Tiemeier, H.; Tremoli, E.; van der Harst, P.; Vestergaard, H.; Vollenweider, P.; Wareham, N.J.; Weir, D.R.; Whitfield, J.B.; Wilson, J.F.; Tyrrell, J.; Frayling, T.M.; Barroso, I.; Boehnke, M.; Deloukas, P.; Fox, C.S.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Hunter, D.J.; Spector, T.D.; Strachan, D.P.; van Duijn, C.M.; Heid, I.M.; Mohlke, K.L.; Marchini, J.; Loos, R.J.F.; Kilpelainen, T.O.; Liu, C.-T.; Borecki, I.B.; North, K.E.; Cupples, L.A. url  doi
  Title Genome-wide meta-analysis of 241,258 adults accounting for smoking behaviour identifies novel loci for obesity traits Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Nature Communications Abbreviated Journal Nat Commun  
  Volume 8 Issue Pages 14977  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Few genome-wide association studies (GWAS) account for environmental exposures, like smoking, potentially impacting the overall trait variance when investigating the genetic contribution to obesity-related traits. Here, we use GWAS data from 51,080 current smokers and 190,178 nonsmokers (87% European descent) to identify loci influencing BMI and central adiposity, measured as waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio both adjusted for BMI. We identify 23 novel genetic loci, and 9 loci with convincing evidence of gene-smoking interaction (GxSMK) on obesity-related traits. We show consistent direction of effect for all identified loci and significance for 18 novel and for 5 interaction loci in an independent study sample. These loci highlight novel biological functions, including response to oxidative stress, addictive behaviour, and regulatory functions emphasizing the importance of accounting for environment in genetic analyses. Our results suggest that tobacco smoking may alter the genetic susceptibility to overall adiposity and body fat distribution.  
  Address NHLBI Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Massachusetts, 01702 USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2041-1723 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28443625; PMCID:PMC5414044 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1937  
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Author (up) Liu, D.J.; Peloso, G.M.; Yu, H.; Butterworth, A.S.; Wang, X.; Mahajan, A.; Saleheen, D.; Emdin, C.; Alam, D.; Alves, A.C.; Amouyel, P.; Di Angelantonio, E.; Arveiler, D.; Assimes, T.L.; Auer, P.L.; Baber, U.; Ballantyne, C.M.; Bang, L.E.; Benn, M.; Bis, J.C.; Boehnke, M.; Boerwinkle, E.; Bork-Jensen, J.; Bottinger, E.P.; Brandslund, I.; Brown, M.; Busonero, F.; Caulfield, M.J.; Chambers, J.C.; Chasman, D.I.; Chen, Y.E.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Chowdhury, R.; Christensen, C.; Chu, A.Y.; Connell, J.M.; Cucca, F.; Cupples, L.A.; Damrauer, S.M.; Davies, G.; Deary, I.J.; Dedoussis, G.; Denny, J.C.; Dominiczak, A.; Dube, M.-P.; Ebeling, T.; Eiriksdottir, G.; Esko, T.; Farmaki, A.-E.; Feitosa, M.F.; Ferrario, M.; Ferrieres, J.; Ford, I.; Fornage, M.; Franks, P.W.; Frayling, T.M.; Frikke-Schmidt, R.; Fritsche, L.G.; Frossard, P.; Fuster, V.; Ganesh, S.K.; Gao, W.; Garcia, M.E.; Gieger, C.; Giulianini, F.; Goodarzi, M.O.; Grallert, H.; Grarup, N.; Groop, L.; Grove, M.L.; Gudnason, V.; Hansen, T.; Harris, T.B.; Hayward, C.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Holmen, O.L.; Huffman, J.; Huo, Y.; Hveem, K.; Jabeen, S.; Jackson, A.U.; Jakobsdottir, J.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Jensen, G.B.; Jorgensen, M.E.; Jukema, J.W.; Justesen, J.M.; Kamstrup, P.R.; Kanoni, S.; Karpe, F.; Kee, F.; Khera, A.V.; Klarin, D.; Koistinen, H.A.; Kooner, J.S.; Kooperberg, C.; Kuulasmaa, K.; Kuusisto, J.; Laakso, M.; Lakka, T.; Langenberg, C.; Langsted, A.; Launer, L.J.; Lauritzen, T.; Liewald, D.C.M.; Lin, L.A.; Linneberg, A.; Loos, R.J.F.; Lu, Y.; Lu, X.; Magi, R.; Malarstig, A.; Manichaikul, A.; Manning, A.K.; Mantyselka, P.; Marouli, E.; Masca, N.G.D.; Maschio, A.; Meigs, J.B.; Melander, O.; Metspalu, A.; Morris, A.P.; Morrison, A.C.; Mulas, A.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Munroe, P.B.; Neville, M.J.; Nielsen, J.B.; Nielsen, S.F.; Nordestgaard, B.G.; Ordovas, J.M.; Mehran, R.; O'Donnell, C.J.; Orho-Melander, M.; Molony, C.M.; Muntendam, P.; Padmanabhan, S.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Pasko, D.; Patel, A.P.; Pedersen, O.; Perola, M.; Peters, A.; Pisinger, C.; Pistis, G.; Polasek, O.; Poulter, N.; Psaty, B.M.; Rader, D.J.; Rasheed, A.; Rauramaa, R.; Reilly, D.F.; Reiner, A.P.; Renstrom, F.; Rich, S.S.; Ridker, P.M.; Rioux, J.D.; Robertson, N.R.; Roden, D.M.; Rotter, J.I.; Rudan, I.; Salomaa, V.; Samani, N.J.; Sanna, S.; Sattar, N.; Schmidt, E.M.; Scott, R.A.; Sever, P.; Sevilla, R.S.; Shaffer, C.M.; Sim, X.; Sivapalaratnam, S.; Small, K.S.; Smith, A.V.; Smith, B.H.; Somayajula, S.; Southam, L.; Spector, T.D.; Speliotes, E.K.; Starr, J.M.; Stirrups, K.E.; Stitziel, N.; Strauch, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Surendran, P.; Tada, H.; Tall, A.R.; Tang, H.; Tardif, J.-C.; Taylor, K.D.; Trompet, S.; Tsao, P.S.; Tuomilehto, J.; Tybjaerg-Hansen, A.; van Zuydam, N.R.; Varbo, A.; Varga, T.V.; Virtamo, J.; Waldenberger, M.; Wang, N.; Wareham, N.J.; Warren, H.R.; Weeke, P.E.; Weinstock, J.; Wessel, J.; Wilson, J.G.; Wilson, P.W.F.; Xu, M.; Yaghootkar, H.; Young, R.; Zeggini, E.; Zhang, H.; Zheng, N.S.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, Y.; Zhou, W.; Zhou, Y.; Zoledziewska, M.; Howson, J.M.M.; Danesh, J.; McCarthy, M.I.; Cowan, C.A.; Abecasis, G.; Deloukas, P.; Musunuru, K.; Willer, C.J.; Kathiresan, S. url  doi
  Title Exome-wide association study of plasma lipids in >300,000 individuals Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 49 Issue 12 Pages 1758-1766  
  Keywords Coronary Artery Disease/blood/genetics; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood/genetics; Exome/*genetics; Genetic Association Studies/*methods; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics; *Genetic Variation; Genotype; Humans; Lipids/*blood; Macular Degeneration/blood/genetics; Phenotype; Risk Factors  
  Abstract We screened variants on an exome-focused genotyping array in >300,000 participants (replication in >280,000 participants) and identified 444 independent variants in 250 loci significantly associated with total cholesterol (TC), high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and/or triglycerides (TG). At two loci (JAK2 and A1CF), experimental analysis in mice showed lipid changes consistent with the human data. We also found that: (i) beta-thalassemia trait carriers displayed lower TC and were protected from coronary artery disease (CAD); (ii) excluding the CETP locus, there was not a predictable relationship between plasma HDL-C and risk for age-related macular degeneration; (iii) only some mechanisms of lowering LDL-C appeared to increase risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D); and (iv) TG-lowering alleles involved in hepatic production of TG-rich lipoproteins (TM6SF2 and PNPLA3) tracked with higher liver fat, higher risk for T2D, and lower risk for CAD, whereas TG-lowering alleles involved in peripheral lipolysis (LPL and ANGPTL4) had no effect on liver fat but decreased risks for both T2D and CAD.  
  Address Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA  
  Corporate Author VA Million Veteran Program Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1061-4036 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:29083408; PMCID:PMC5709146 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1943  
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Author (up) Locke, A.E.; Kahali, B.; Berndt, S.I.; Justice, A.E.; Pers, T.H.; Day, F.R.; Powell, C.; Vedantam, S.; Buchkovich, M.L.; Yang, J.; Croteau-Chonka, D.C.; Esko, T.; Fall, T.; Ferreira, T.; Gustafsson, S.; Kutalik, Z.; Luan, J.'an; Magi, R.; Randall, J.C.; Winkler, T.W.; Wood, A.R.; Workalemahu, T.; Faul, J.D.; Smith, J.A.; Hua Zhao, J.; Zhao, W.; Chen, J.; Fehrmann, R.; Hedman, A.K.; Karjalainen, J.; Schmidt, E.M.; Absher, D.; Amin, N.; Anderson, D.; Beekman, M.; Bolton, J.L.; Bragg-Gresham, J.L.; Buyske, S.; Demirkan, A.; Deng, G.; Ehret, G.B.; Feenstra, B.; Feitosa, M.F.; Fischer, K.; Goel, A.; Gong, J.; Jackson, A.U.; Kanoni, S.; Kleber, M.E.; Kristiansson, K.; Lim, U.; Lotay, V.; Mangino, M.; Mateo Leach, I.; Medina-Gomez, C.; Medland, S.E.; Nalls, M.A.; Palmer, C.D.; Pasko, D.; Pechlivanis, S.; Peters, M.J.; Prokopenko, I.; Shungin, D.; Stancakova, A.; Strawbridge, R.J.; Ju Sung, Y.; Tanaka, T.; Teumer, A.; Trompet, S.; van der Laan, S.W.; van Setten, J.; Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Wang, Z.; Yengo, L.; Zhang, W.; Isaacs, A.; Albrecht, E.; Arnlov, J.; Arscott, G.M.; Attwood, A.P.; Bandinelli, S.; Barrett, A.; Bas, I.N.; Bellis, C.; Bennett, A.J.; Berne, C.; Blagieva, R.; Bluher, M.; Bohringer, S.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Bottcher, Y.; Boyd, H.A.; Bruinenberg, M.; Caspersen, I.H.; Ida Chen, Y.-D.; Clarke, R.; Warwick Daw, E.; de Craen, A.J.M.; Delgado, G.; Dimitriou, M.; Doney, A.S.F.; Eklund, N.; Estrada, K.; Eury, E.; Folkersen, L.; Fraser, R.M.; Garcia, M.E.; Geller, F.; Giedraitis, V.; Gigante, B.; Go, A.S.; Golay, A.; Goodall, A.H.; Gordon, S.D.; Gorski, M.; Grabe, H.-J.; Grallert, H.; Grammer, T.B.; Grassler, J.; Gronberg, H.; Groves, C.J.; Gusto, G.; Haessler, J.; Hall, P.; Haller, T.; Hallmans, G.; Hartman, C.A.; Hassinen, M.; Hayward, C.; Heard-Costa, N.L.; Helmer, Q.; Hengstenberg, C.; Holmen, O.; Hottenga, J.-J.; James, A.L.; Jeff, J.M.; Johansson, A.; Jolley, J.; Juliusdottir, T.; Kinnunen, L.; Koenig, W.; Koskenvuo, M.; Kratzer, W.; Laitinen, J.; Lamina, C.; Leander, K.; Lee, N.R.; Lichtner, P.; Lind, L.; Lindstrom, J.; Sin Lo, K.; Lobbens, S.; Lorbeer, R.; Lu, Y.; Mach, F.; Magnusson, P.K.E.; Mahajan, A.; McArdle, W.L.; McLachlan, S.; Menni, C.; Merger, S.; Mihailov, E.; Milani, L.; Moayyeri, A.; Monda, K.L.; Morken, M.A.; Mulas, A.; Muller, G.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Musk, A.W.; Nagaraja, R.; Nothen, M.M.; Nolte, I.M.; Pilz, S.; Rayner, N.W.; Renstrom, F.; Rettig, R.; Ried, J.S.; Ripke, S.; Robertson, N.R.; Rose, L.M.; Sanna, S.; Scharnagl, H.; Scholtens, S.; Schumacher, F.R.; Scott, W.R.; Seufferlein, T.; Shi, J.; Vernon Smith, A.; Smolonska, J.; Stanton, A.V.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Stirrups, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Sundstrom, J.; Swertz, M.A.; Swift, A.J.; Syvanen, A.-C.; Tan, S.-T.; Tayo, B.O.; Thorand, B.; Thorleifsson, G.; Tyrer, J.P.; Uh, H.-W.; Vandenput, L.; Verhulst, F.C.; Vermeulen, S.H.; Verweij, N.; Vonk, J.M.; Waite, L.L.; Warren, H.R.; Waterworth, D.; Weedon, M.N.; Wilkens, L.R.; Willenborg, C.; Wilsgaard, T.; Wojczynski, M.K.; Wong, A.; Wright, A.F.; Zhang, Q.; Brennan, E.P.; Choi, M.; Dastani, Z.; Drong, A.W.; Eriksson, P.; Franco-Cereceda, A.; Gadin, J.R.; Gharavi, A.G.; Goddard, M.E.; Handsaker, R.E.; Huang, J.; Karpe, F.; Kathiresan, S.; Keildson, S.; Kiryluk, K.; Kubo, M.; Lee, J.-Y.; Liang, L.; Lifton, R.P.; Ma, B.; McCarroll, S.A.; McKnight, A.J.; Min, J.L.; Moffatt, M.F.; Montgomery, G.W.; Murabito, J.M.; Nicholson, G.; Nyholt, D.R.; Okada, Y.; Perry, J.R.B.; Dorajoo, R.; Reinmaa, E.; Salem, R.M.; Sandholm, N.; Scott, R.A.; Stolk, L.; Takahashi, A.; Tanaka, T.; Van't Hooft, F.M.; Vinkhuyzen, A.A.E.; Westra, H.-J.; Zheng, W.; Zondervan, K.T.; Heath, A.C.; Arveiler, D.; Bakker, S.J.L.; Beilby, J.; Bergman, R.N.; Blangero, J.; Bovet, P.; Campbell, H.; Caulfield, M.J.; Cesana, G.; Chakravarti, A.; Chasman, D.I.; Chines, P.S.; Collins, F.S.; Crawford, D.C.; Adrienne Cupples, L.; Cusi, D.; Danesh, J.; de Faire, U.; den Ruijter, H.M.; Dominiczak, A.F.; Erbel, R.; Erdmann, J.; Eriksson, J.G.; Farrall, M.; Felix, S.B.; Ferrannini, E.; Ferrieres, J.; Ford, I.; Forouhi, N.G.; Forrester, T.; Franco, O.H.; Gansevoort, R.T.; Gejman, P.V.; Gieger, C.; Gottesman, O.; Gudnason, V.; Gyllensten, U.; Hall, A.S.; Harris, T.B.; Hattersley, A.T.; Hicks, A.A.; Hindorff, L.A.; Hingorani, A.D.; Hofman, A.; Homuth, G.; Kees Hovingh, G.; Humphries, S.E.; Hunt, S.C.; Hypponen, E.; Illig, T.; Jacobs, K.B.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Jockel, K.-H.; Johansen, B.; Jousilahti, P.; Wouter Jukema, J.; Jula, A.M.; Kaprio, J.; Kastelein, J.J.P.; Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, S.M.; Kiemeney, L.A.; Knekt, P.; Kooner, J.S.; Kooperberg, C.; Kovacs, P.; Kraja, A.T.; Kumari, M.; Kuusisto, J.; Lakka, T.A.; Langenberg, C.; Le Marchand, L.; Lehtimaki, T.; Lyssenko, V.; Mannisto, S.; Marette, A.; Matise, T.C.; McKenzie, C.A.; McKnight, B.; Moll, F.L.; Morris, A.D.; Morris, A.P.; Murray, J.C.; Nelis, M.; Ohlsson, C.; Oldehinkel, A.J.; Ong, K.K.; Madden, P.A.F.; Pasterkamp, G.; Peden, J.F.; Peters, A.; Postma, D.S.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Price, J.F.; Qi, L.; Raitakari, O.T.; Rankinen, T.; Rao, D.C.; Rice, T.K.; Ridker, P.M.; Rioux, J.D.; Ritchie, M.D.; Rudan, I.; Salomaa, V.; Samani, N.J.; Saramies, J.; Sarzynski, M.A.; Schunkert, H.; Schwarz, P.E.H.; Sever, P.; Shuldiner, A.R.; Sinisalo, J.; Stolk, R.P.; Strauch, K.; Tonjes, A.; Tregouet, D.-A.; Tremblay, A.; Tremoli, E.; Virtamo, J.; Vohl, M.-C.; Volker, U.; Waeber, G.; Willemsen, G.; Witteman, J.C.; Zillikens, M.C.; Adair, L.S.; Amouyel, P.; Asselbergs, F.W.; Assimes, T.L.; Bochud, M.; Boehm, B.O.; Boerwinkle, E.; Bornstein, S.R.; Bottinger, E.P.; Bouchard, C.; Cauchi, S.; Chambers, J.C.; Chanock, S.J.; Cooper, R.S.; de Bakker, P.I.W.; Dedoussis, G.; Ferrucci, L.; Franks, P.W.; Froguel, P.; Groop, L.C.; Haiman, C.A.; Hamsten, A.; Hui, J.; Hunter, D.J.; Hveem, K.; Kaplan, R.C.; Kivimaki, M.; Kuh, D.; Laakso, M.; Liu, Y.; Martin, N.G.; Marz, W.; Melbye, M.; Metspalu, A.; Moebus, S.; Munroe, P.B.; Njolstad, I.; Oostra, B.A.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Pedersen, N.L.; Perola, M.; Perusse, L.; Peters, U.; Power, C.; Quertermous, T.; Rauramaa, R.; Rivadeneira, F.; Saaristo, T.E.; Saleheen, D.; Sattar, N.; Schadt, E.E.; Schlessinger, D.; Eline Slagboom, P.; Snieder, H.; Spector, T.D.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Stumvoll, M.; Tuomilehto, J.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Uusitupa, M.; van der Harst, P.; Walker, M.; Wallaschofski, H.; Wareham, N.J.; Watkins, H.; Weir, D.R.; Wichmann, H.-E.; Wilson, J.F.; Zanen, P.; Borecki, I.B.; Deloukas, P.; Fox, C.S.; Heid, I.M.; O'Connell, J.R.; Strachan, D.P.; Stefansson, K.; van Duijn, C.M.; Abecasis, G.R.; Franke, L.; Frayling, T.M.; McCarthy, M.I.; Visscher, P.M.; Scherag, A.; Willer, C.J.; Boehnke, M.; Mohlke, K.L.; Lindgren, C.M.; Beckmann, J.S.; Barroso, I.; North, K.E.; Ingelsson, E.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Loos, R.J.F.; Speliotes, E.K. url  doi
  Title Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal Nature  
  Volume 518 Issue 7538 Pages 197-206  
  Keywords HUNT3; obesity; genetics  
  Abstract Obesity is heritable and predisposes to many diseases. To understand the genetic basis of obesity better, here we conduct a genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals. This analysis identifies 97 BMI-associated loci (P < 5 x 10(-8)), 56 of which are novel. Five loci demonstrate clear evidence of several independent association signals, and many loci have significant effects on other metabolic phenotypes. The 97 loci account for approximately 2.7% of BMI variation, and genome-wide estimates suggest that common variation accounts for >20% of BMI variation. Pathway analyses provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility and implicate new genes and pathways, including those related to synaptic function, glutamate signalling, insulin secretion/action, energy metabolism, lipid biology and adipogenesis.  
  Address Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, and Department of Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA  
  Corporate Author International Endogene Consortium Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0028-0836 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:25673413 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1673  
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Author (up) Marouli, E.; Graff, M.; Medina-Gomez, C.; Lo, K.S.; Wood, A.R.; Kjaer, T.R.; Fine, R.S.; Lu, Y.; Schurmann, C.; Highland, H.M.; Rueger, S.; Thorleifsson, G.; Justice, A.E.; Lamparter, D.; Stirrups, K.E.; Turcot, V.; Young, K.L.; Winkler, T.W.; Esko, T.; Karaderi, T.; Locke, A.E.; Masca, N.G.D.; Ng, M.C.Y.; Mudgal, P.; Rivas, M.A.; Vedantam, S.; Mahajan, A.; Guo, X.; Abecasis, G.; Aben, K.K.; Adair, L.S.; Alam, D.S.; Albrecht, E.; Allin, K.H.; Allison, M.; Amouyel, P.; Appel, E.V.; Arveiler, D.; Asselbergs, F.W.; Auer, P.L.; Balkau, B.; Banas, B.; Bang, L.E.; Benn, M.; Bergmann, S.; Bielak, L.F.; Bluher, M.; Boeing, H.; Boerwinkle, E.; Boger, C.A.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Bork-Jensen, J.; Bots, M.L.; Bottinger, E.P.; Bowden, D.W.; Brandslund, I.; Breen, G.; Brilliant, M.H.; Broer, L.; Burt, A.A.; Butterworth, A.S.; Carey, D.J.; Caulfield, M.J.; Chambers, J.C.; Chasman, D.I.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Chowdhury, R.; Christensen, C.; Chu, A.Y.; Cocca, M.; Collins, F.S.; Cook, J.P.; Corley, J.; Galbany, J.C.; Cox, A.J.; Cuellar-Partida, G.; Danesh, J.; Davies, G.; de Bakker, P.I.W.; de Borst, G.J.; de Denus, S.; de Groot, M.C.H.; de Mutsert, R.; Deary, I.J.; Dedoussis, G.; Demerath, E.W.; den Hollander, A.I.; Dennis, J.G.; Di Angelantonio, E.; Drenos, F.; Du, M.; Dunning, A.M.; Easton, D.F.; Ebeling, T.; Edwards, T.L.; Ellinor, P.T.; Elliott, P.; Evangelou, E.; Farmaki, A.-E.; Faul, J.D.; Feitosa, M.F.; Feng, S.; Ferrannini, E.; Ferrario, M.M.; Ferrieres, J.; Florez, J.C.; Ford, I.; Fornage, M.; Franks, P.W.; Frikke-Schmidt, R.; Galesloot, T.E.; Gan, W.; Gandin, I.; Gasparini, P.; Giedraitis, V.; Giri, A.; Girotto, G.; Gordon, S.D.; Gordon-Larsen, P.; Gorski, M.; Grarup, N.; Grove, M.L.; Gudnason, V.; Gustafsson, S.; Hansen, T.; Harris, K.M.; Harris, T.B.; Hattersley, A.T.; Hayward, C.; He, L.; Heid, I.M.; Heikkila, K.; Helgeland, O.; Hernesniemi, J.; Hewitt, A.W.; Hocking, L.J.; Hollensted, M.; Holmen, O.L.; Hovingh, G.K.; Howson, J.M.M.; Hoyng, C.B.; Huang, P.L.; Hveem, K.; Ikram, M.A.; Ingelsson, E.; Jackson, A.U.; Jansson, J.-H.; Jarvik, G.P.; Jensen, G.B.; Jhun, M.A.; Jia, Y.; Jiang, X.; Johansson, S.; Jorgensen, M.E.; Jorgensen, T.; Jousilahti, P.; Jukema, J.W.; Kahali, B.; Kahn, R.S.; Kahonen, M.; Kamstrup, P.R.; Kanoni, S.; Kaprio, J.; Karaleftheri, M.; Kardia, S.L.R.; Karpe, F.; Kee, F.; Keeman, R.; Kiemeney, L.A.; Kitajima, H.; Kluivers, K.B.; Kocher, T.; Komulainen, P.; Kontto, J.; Kooner, J.S.; Kooperberg, C.; Kovacs, P.; Kriebel, J.; Kuivaniemi, H.; Kury, S.; Kuusisto, J.; La Bianca, M.; Laakso, M.; Lakka, T.A.; Lange, E.M.; Lange, L.A.; Langefeld, C.D.; Langenberg, C.; Larson, E.B.; Lee, I.-T.; Lehtimaki, T.; Lewis, C.E.; Li, H.; Li, J.; Li-Gao, R.; Lin, H.; Lin, L.-A.; Lin, X.; Lind, L.; Lindstrom, J.; Linneberg, A.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Y.; Lophatananon, A.; Luan, J.'an; Lubitz, S.A.; Lyytikainen, L.-P.; Mackey, D.A.; Madden, P.A.F.; Manning, A.K.; Mannisto, S.; Marenne, G.; Marten, J.; Martin, N.G.; Mazul, A.L.; Meidtner, K.; Metspalu, A.; Mitchell, P.; Mohlke, K.L.; Mook-Kanamori, D.O.; Morgan, A.; Morris, A.D.; Morris, A.P.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Munroe, P.B.; Nalls, M.A.; Nauck, M.; Nelson, C.P.; Neville, M.; Nielsen, S.F.; Nikus, K.; Njolstad, P.R.; Nordestgaard, B.G.; Ntalla, I.; O'Connel, J.R.; Oksa, H.; Loohuis, L.M.O.; Ophoff, R.A.; Owen, K.R.; Packard, C.J.; Padmanabhan, S.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Pasterkamp, G.; Patel, A.P.; Pattie, A.; Pedersen, O.; Peissig, P.L.; Peloso, G.M.; Pennell, C.E.; Perola, M.; Perry, J.A.; Perry, J.R.B.; Person, T.N.; Pirie, A.; Polasek, O.; Posthuma, D.; Raitakari, O.T.; Rasheed, A.; Rauramaa, R.; Reilly, D.F.; Reiner, A.P.; Renstrom, F.; Ridker, P.M.; Rioux, J.D.; Robertson, N.; Robino, A.; Rolandsson, O.; Rudan, I.; Ruth, K.S.; Saleheen, D.; Salomaa, V.; Samani, N.J.; Sandow, K.; Sapkota, Y.; Sattar, N.; Schmidt, M.K.; Schreiner, P.J.; Schulze, M.B.; Scott, R.A.; Segura-Lepe, M.P.; Shah, S.; Sim, X.; Sivapalaratnam, S.; Small, K.S.; Smith, A.V.; Smith, J.A.; Southam, L.; Spector, T.D.; Speliotes, E.K.; Starr, J.M.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Stringham, H.M.; Stumvoll, M.; Surendran, P.; 't Hart, L.M.; Tansey, K.E.; Tardif, J.-C.; Taylor, K.D.; Teumer, A.; Thompson, D.J.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Thuesen, B.H.; Tonjes, A.; Tromp, G.; Trompet, S.; Tsafantakis, E.; Tuomilehto, J.; Tybjaerg-Hansen, A.; Tyrer, J.P.; Uher, R.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Ulivi, S.; van der Laan, S.W.; Van Der Leij, A.R.; van Duijn, C.M.; van Schoor, N.M.; van Setten, J.; Varbo, A.; Varga, T.V.; Varma, R.; Edwards, D.R.V.; Vermeulen, S.H.; Vestergaard, H.; Vitart, V.; Vogt, T.F.; Vozzi, D.; Walker, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, C.A.; Wang, S.; Wang, Y.; Wareham, N.J.; Warren, H.R.; Wessel, J.; Willems, S.M.; Wilson, J.G.; Witte, D.R.; Woods, M.O.; Wu, Y.; Yaghootkar, H.; Yao, J.; Yao, P.; Yerges-Armstrong, L.M.; Young, R.; Zeggini, E.; Zhan, X.; Zhang, W.; Zhao, J.H.; Zhao, W.; Zhao, W.; Zheng, H.; Zhou, W.; Rotter, J.I.; Boehnke, M.; Kathiresan, S.; McCarthy, M.I.; Willer, C.J.; Stefansson, K.; Borecki, I.B.; Liu, D.J.; North, K.E.; Heard-Costa, N.L.; Pers, T.H.; Lindgren, C.M.; Oxvig, C.; Kutalik, Z.; Rivadeneira, F.; Loos, R.J.F.; Frayling, T.M.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Deloukas, P.; Lettre, G. url  doi
  Title Rare and low-frequency coding variants alter human adult height Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal Nature  
  Volume 542 Issue 7640 Pages 186-190  
  Keywords ADAMTS Proteins/genetics; Adult; Alleles; Body Height/*genetics; Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics; Female; Gene Frequency/*genetics; Genetic Variation/*genetics; Genome, Human/genetics; Glycoproteins/genetics/metabolism; Glycosaminoglycans/biosynthesis; Hedgehog Proteins/genetics; Humans; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics/metabolism; Interferon Regulatory Factors/genetics; Interleukin-11 Receptor alpha Subunit/genetics; Male; Multifactorial Inheritance/genetics; NADPH Oxidase 4; NADPH Oxidases/genetics; Phenotype; Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A/metabolism; Procollagen N-Endopeptidase/genetics; Proteoglycans/biosynthesis; Proteolysis; Receptors, Androgen/genetics; Somatomedins/metabolism  
  Abstract Height is a highly heritable, classic polygenic trait with approximately 700 common associated variants identified through genome-wide association studies so far. Here, we report 83 height-associated coding variants with lower minor-allele frequencies (in the range of 0.1-4.8%) and effects of up to 2 centimetres per allele (such as those in IHH, STC2, AR and CRISPLD2), greater than ten times the average effect of common variants. In functional follow-up studies, rare height-increasing alleles of STC2 (giving an increase of 1-2 centimetres per allele) compromised proteolytic inhibition of PAPP-A and increased cleavage of IGFBP-4 in vitro, resulting in higher bioavailability of insulin-like growth factors. These 83 height-associated variants overlap genes that are mutated in monogenic growth disorders and highlight new biological candidates (such as ADAMTS3, IL11RA and NOX4) and pathways (such as proteoglycan and glycosaminoglycan synthesis) involved in growth. Our results demonstrate that sufficiently large sample sizes can uncover rare and low-frequency variants of moderate-to-large effect associated with polygenic human phenotypes, and that these variants implicate relevant genes and pathways.  
  Address Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1J4, Canada  
  Corporate Author MAGIC Investigators Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0028-0836 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28146470; PMCID:PMC5302847 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1953  
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Author (up) Palmer, N.D.; McDonough, C.W.; Hicks, P.J.; Roh, B.H.; Wing, M.R.; An, S.S.; Hester, J.M.; Cooke, J.N.; Bostrom, M.A.; Rudock, M.E.; Talbert, M.E.; Lewis, J.P.; Ferrara, A.; Lu, L.; Ziegler, J.T.; Sale, M.M.; Divers, J.; Shriner, D.; Adeyemo, A.; Rotimi, C.N.; Ng, M.C.Y.; Langefeld, C.D.; Freedman, B.I.; Bowden, D.W.; Voight, B.F.; Scott, L.J.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Morris, A.P.; Dina, C.; Welch, R.P.; Zeggini, E.; Huth, C.; Aulchenko, Y.S.; Thorleifsson, G.; McCulloch, L.J.; Ferreira, T.; Grallert, H.; Amin, N.; Wu, G.; Willer, C.J.; Raychaudhuri, S.; McCarroll, S.A.; Langenberg, C.; Hofmann, O.M.; Dupuis, J.; Qi, L.; Segre, A.V.; van Hoek, M.; Navarro, P.; Ardlie, K.; Balkau, B.; Benediktsson, R.; Bennett, A.J.; Blagieva, R.; Boerwinkle, E.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Bostrom, K.B.; Bravenboer, B.; Bumpstead, S.; Burtt, N.P.; Charpentier, G.; Chines, P.S.; Cornelis, M.; Couper, D.J.; Crawford, G.; Doney, A.S.F.; Elliott, K.S.; Elliott, A.L.; Erdos, M.R.; Fox, C.S.; Franklin, C.S.; Ganser, M.; Gieger, C.; Grarup, N.; Green, T.; Griffin, S.; Groves, C.J.; Guiducci, C.; Hadjadj, S.; Hassanali, N.; Herder, C.; Isomaa, B.; Jackson, A.U.; Johnson, P.R.V.; Jorgensen, T.; Kao, W.H.L.; Klopp, N.; Kong, A.; Kraft, P.; Kuusisto, J.; Lauritzen, T.; Li, M.; Lieverse, A.; Lindgren, C.M.; Lyssenko, V.; Marre, M.; Meitinger, T.; Midthjell, K.; Morken, M.A.; Narisu, N.; Nilsson, P.; Owen, K.R.; Payne, F.; Perry, J.R.B.; Petersen, A.-K.; Platou, C.; Proenca, C.; Prokopenko, I.; Rathmann, W.; Rayner, N.W.; Robertson, N.R.; Rocheleau, G.; Roden, M.; Sampson, M.J.; Saxena, R.; Shields, B.M.; Shrader, P.; Sigurdsson, G.; Sparso, T.; Strassburger, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Sun, Q.; Swift, A.J.; Thorand, B.; Tichet, J.; Tuomi, T.; van Dam, R.M.; van Haeften, T.W.; van Herpt, T.; van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Walters, G.B.; Weedon, M.N.; Wijmenga, C.; Witteman, J.; Bergman, R.N.; Cauchi, S.; Collins, F.S.; Gloyn, A.L.; Gyllensten, U.; Hansen, T.; Hide, W.A.; Hitman, G.A.; Hofman, A.; Hunter, D.J.; Hveem, K.; Laakso, M.; Mohlke, K.L.; Morris, A.D.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Rudan, I.; Sijbrands, E.; Stein, L.D.; Tuomilehto, J.; Uitterlinden, A.; Walker, M.; Wareham, N.J.; Watanabe, R.M.; Abecasis, G.R.; Boehm, B.O.; Campbell, H.; Daly, M.J.; Hattersley, A.T.; Hu, F.B.; Meigs, J.B.; Pankow, J.S.; Pedersen, O.; Wichmann, H.-E.; Barroso, I.; Florez, J.C.; Frayling, T.M.; Groop, L.; Sladek, R.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Wilson, J.F.; Illig, T.; Froguel, P.; van Duijn, C.M.; Stefansson, K.; Altshuler, D.; Boehnke, M.; McCarthy, M.I.; Soranzo, N.; Wheeler, E.; Glazer, N.L.; Bouatia-Naji, N.; Magi, R.; Randall, J.; Johnson, T.; Elliott, P.; Rybin, D.; Henneman, P.; Dehghan, A.; Hottenga, J.J.; Song, K.; Goel, A.; Egan, J.M.; Lajunen, T.; Doney, A.; Kanoni, S.; Cavalcanti-Proenca, C.; Kumari, M.; Timpson, N.J.; Zabena, C.; Ingelsson, E.; An, P.; O'Connell, J.; Luan, J.'an; Elliott, A.; McCarroll, S.A.; Roccasecca, R.M.; Pattou, F.; Sethupathy, P.; Ariyurek, Y.; Barter, P.; Beilby, J.P.; Ben-Shlomo, Y.; Bergmann, S.; Bochud, M.; Bonnefond, A.; Borch-Johnsen, K.; Bottcher, Y.; Brunner, E.; Bumpstead, S.J.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Chines, P.; Clarke, R.; Coin, L.J.M.; Cooper, M.N.; Crisponi, L.; Day, I.N.M.; de Geus, E.J.C.; Delplanque, J.; Fedson, A.C.; Fischer-Rosinsky, A.; Forouhi, N.G.; Frants, R.; Franzosi, M.G.; Galan, P.; Goodarzi, M.O.; Graessler, J.; Grundy, S.; Gwilliam, R.; Hallmans, G.; Hammond, N.; Han, X.; Hartikainen, A.-L.; Hayward, C.; Heath, S.C.; Hercberg, S.; Hicks, A.A.; Hillman, D.R.; Hingorani, A.D.; Hui, J.; Hung, J.; Jula, A.; Kaakinen, M.; Kaprio, J.; Kesaniemi, Y.A.; Kivimaki, M.; Knight, B.; Koskinen, S.; Kovacs, P.; Kyvik, K.O.; Lathrop, G.M.; Lawlor, D.A.; Le Bacquer, O.; Lecoeur, C.; Li, Y.; Mahley, R.; Mangino, M.; Manning, A.K.; Martinez-Larrad, M.T.; McAteer, J.B.; McPherson, R.; Meisinger, C.; Melzer, D.; Meyre, D.; Mitchell, B.D.; Mukherjee, S.; Naitza, S.; Neville, M.J.; Oostra, B.A.; Orru, M.; Pakyz, R.; Paolisso, G.; Pattaro, C.; Pearson, D.; Peden, J.F.; Pedersen, N.L.; Perola, M.; Pfeiffer, A.F.H.; Pichler, I.; Polasek, O.; Posthuma, D.; Potter, S.C.; Pouta, A.; Province, M.A.; Psaty, B.M.; Rayner, N.W.; Rice, K.; Ripatti, S.; Rivadeneira, F.; Rolandsson, O.; Sandbaek, A.; Sandhu, M.; Sanna, S.; Sayer, A.A.; Scheet, P.; Seedorf, U.; Sharp, S.J.; Shields, B.; Sijbrands, E.J.G.; Silveira, A.; Simpson, L.; Singleton, A.; Smith, N.L.; Sovio, U.; Swift, A.; Syddall, H.; Syvanen, A.-C.; Tanaka, T.; Tonjes, A.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; van Dijk, K.W.; Varma, D.; Visvikis-Siest, S.; Vitart, V.; Vogelzangs, N.; Waeber, G.; Wagner, P.J.; Walley, A.; Ward, K.L.; Watkins, H.; Wild, S.H.; Willemsen, G.; Witteman, J.C.M.; Yarnell, J.W.G.; Zelenika, D.; Zethelius, B.; Zhai, G.; Zhao, J.H.; Zillikens, M.C.; Borecki, I.B.; Loos, R.J.F.; Meneton, P.; Magnusson, P.K.E.; Nathan, D.M.; Williams, G.H.; Silander, K.; Salomaa, V.; Smith, G.D.; Bornstein, S.R.; Schwarz, P.; Spranger, J.; Karpe, F.; Shuldiner, A.R.; Cooper, C.; Dedoussis, G.V.; Serrano-Rios, M.; Lind, L.; Palmer, L.J.; Franks, P.W.; Ebrahim, S.; Marmot, M.; Kao, W.H.L.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Wright, A.F.; Stumvoll, M.; Hamsten, A.; Buchanan, T.A.; Valle, T.T.; Rotter, J.I.; Siscovick, D.S.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.; Boomsma, D.I.; Deloukas, P.; Spector, T.D.; Ferrucci, L.; Cao, A.; Scuteri, A.; Schlessinger, D.; Uda, M.; Ruokonen, A.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Waterworth, D.M.; Vollenweider, P.; Peltonen, L.; Mooser, V.; Sladek, R. url  doi
  Title A genome-wide association search for type 2 diabetes genes in African Americans Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages e29202  
  Keywords Adult; African Americans/*genetics; Aged; Case-Control Studies; Cohort Studies; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*ethnology/*genetics; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Genotype; Humans; Male; Meta-Analysis as Topic; Middle Aged; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Validation Studies as Topic  
  Abstract African Americans are disproportionately affected by type 2 diabetes (T2DM) yet few studies have examined T2DM using genome-wide association approaches in this ethnicity. The aim of this study was to identify genes associated with T2DM in the African American population. We performed a Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) using the Affymetrix 6.0 array in 965 African-American cases with T2DM and end-stage renal disease (T2DM-ESRD) and 1029 population-based controls. The most significant SNPs (n = 550 independent loci) were genotyped in a replication cohort and 122 SNPs (n = 98 independent loci) were further tested through genotyping three additional validation cohorts followed by meta-analysis in all five cohorts totaling 3,132 cases and 3,317 controls. Twelve SNPs had evidence of association in the GWAS (P<0.0071), were directionally consistent in the Replication cohort and were associated with T2DM in subjects without nephropathy (P<0.05). Meta-analysis in all cases and controls revealed a single SNP reaching genome-wide significance (P<2.5x10(-8)). SNP rs7560163 (P = 7.0x10(-9), OR (95% CI) = 0.75 (0.67-0.84)) is located intergenically between RND3 and RBM43. Four additional loci (rs7542900, rs4659485, rs2722769 and rs7107217) were associated with T2DM (P<0.05) and reached more nominal levels of significance (P<2.5x10(-5)) in the overall analysis and may represent novel loci that contribute to T2DM. We have identified novel T2DM-susceptibility variants in the African-American population. Notably, T2DM risk was associated with the major allele and implies an interesting genetic architecture in this population. These results suggest that multiple loci underlie T2DM susceptibility in the African-American population and that these loci are distinct from those identified in other ethnic populations.  
  Address Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States of America. nallred@wfubmc.edu  
  Corporate Author MAGIC Investigators Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1932-6203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22238593; PMC3251563 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1565  
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Author (up) Shungin, D.; Winkler, T.W.; Croteau-Chonka, D.C.; Ferreira, T.; Locke, A.E.; Magi, R.; Strawbridge, R.J.; Pers, T.H.; Fischer, K.; Justice, A.E.; Workalemahu, T.; Wu, J.M.; Buchkovich, M.L.; Heard-Costa, N.L.; Roman, T.S.; Drong, A.W.; Song, C.; Gustafsson, S.; Day, F.R.; Esko, T.; Fall, T.; Kutalik, Z.; Luan, J.; Randall, J.C.; Scherag, A.; Vedantam, S.; Wood, A.R.; Chen, J.; Fehrmann, R.; Karjalainen, J.; Kahali, B.; Liu, C.T.; Schmidt, E.M.; Absher, D.; Amin, N.; Anderson, D.; Beekman, M.; Bragg-Gresham, J.L.; Buyske, S.; Demirkan, A.; Ehret, G.B.; Feitosa, M.F.; Goel, A.; Jackson, A.U.; Johnson, T.; Kleber, M.E.; Kristiansson, K.; Mangino, M.; Mateo Leach, I.; Medina-Gomez, C.; Palmer, C.D.; Pasko, D.; Pechlivanis, S.; Peters, M.J.; Prokopenko, I.; Stancakova, A.; Ju Sung, Y.; Tanaka, T.; Teumer, A.; Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Yengo, L.; Zhang, W.; Albrecht, E.; Arnlov, J.; Arscott, G.M.; Bandinelli, S.; Barrett, A.; Bellis, C.; Bennett, A.J.; Berne, C.; Bluher, M.; Bohringer, S.; Bonnet, F.; Bottcher, Y.; Bruinenberg, M.; Carba, D.B.; Caspersen, I.H.; Clarke, R.; Daw, E.W.; Deelen, J.; Deelman, E.; Delgado, G.; Doney, A.S.; Eklund, N.; Erdos, M.R.; Estrada, K.; Eury, E.; Friedrich, N.; Garcia, M.E.; Giedraitis, V.; Gigante, B.; Go, A.S.; Golay, A.; Grallert, H.; Grammer, T.B.; Grassler, J.; Grewal, J.; Groves, C.J.; Haller, T.; Hallmans, G.; Hartman, C.A.; Hassinen, M.; Hayward, C.; Heikkila, K.; Herzig, K.H.; Helmer, Q.; Hillege, H.L.; Holmen, O.; Hunt, S.C.; Isaacs, A.; Ittermann, T.; James, A.L.; Johansson, I.; Juliusdottir, T.; Kalafati, I.P.; Kinnunen, L.; Koenig, W.; Kooner, I.K.; Kratzer, W.; Lamina, C.; Leander, K.; Lee, N.R.; Lichtner, P.; Lind, L.; Lindstrom, J.; Lobbens, S.; Lorentzon, M.; Mach, F.; Magnusson, P.K.; Mahajan, A.; McArdle, W.L.; Menni, C.; Merger, S.; Mihailov, E.; Milani, L.; Mills, R.; Moayyeri, A.; Monda, K.L.; Mooijaart, S.P.; Muhleisen, T.W.; Mulas, A.; Muller, G.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Nagaraja, R.; Nalls, M.A.; Narisu, N.; Glorioso, N.; Nolte, I.M.; Olden, M.; Rayner, N.W.; Renstrom, F.; Ried, J.S.; Robertson, N.R.; Rose, L.M.; Sanna, S.; Scharnagl, H.; Scholtens, S.; Sennblad, B.; Seufferlein, T.; Sitlani, C.M.; Vernon Smith, A.; Stirrups, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Sundstrom, J.; Swertz, M.A.; Swift, A.J.; Syvanen, A.C.; Tayo, B.O.; Thorand, B.; Thorleifsson, G.; Tomaschitz, A.; Troffa, C.; van Oort, F.V.; Verweij, N.; Vonk, J.M.; Waite, L.L.; Wennauer, R.; Wilsgaard, T.; Wojczynski, M.K.; Wong, A.; Zhang, Q.; Hua Zhao, J.; Brennan, E.P.; Choi, M.; Eriksson, P.; Folkersen, L.; Franco-Cereceda, A.; Gharavi, A.G.; Hedman, A.K.; Hivert, M.F.; Huang, J.; Kanoni, S.; Karpe, F.; Keildson, S.; Kiryluk, K.; Liang, L.; Lifton, R.P.; Ma, B.; McKnight, A.J.; McPherson, R.; Metspalu, A.; Min, J.L.; Moffatt, M.F.; Montgomery, G.W.; Murabito, J.M.; Nicholson, G.; Nyholt, D.R.; Olsson, C.; Perry, J.R.; Reinmaa, E.; Salem, R.M.; Sandholm, N.; Schadt, E.E.; Scott, R.A.; Stolk, L.; Vallejo, E.E.; Westra, H.J.; Zondervan, K.T.; Consortium, A.D.I.P.O.G.; 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  Title New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal Nature  
  Volume 518 Issue 7538 Pages 187-196  
  Keywords HUNT3; Adipocytes/metabolism; Adipogenesis/genetics; Adipose Tissue/*metabolism; Age Factors; *Body Fat Distribution; Body Mass Index; Continental Population Groups/genetics; Epigenesis, Genetic; Europe/ethnology; Female; Genome, Human/genetics; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Humans; Insulin/*metabolism; Insulin Resistance/genetics; Male; Models, Biological; Neovascularization, Physiologic/genetics; Obesity/genetics; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics; Quantitative Trait Loci/*genetics; Sex Characteristics; Transcription, Genetic/genetics; Waist-Hip Ratio  
  Abstract Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, here we conduct genome-wide association meta-analyses of traits related to waist and hip circumferences in up to 224,459 individuals. We identify 49 loci (33 new) associated with waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (BMI), and an additional 19 loci newly associated with related waist and hip circumference measures (P  
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  Publisher Place of Publication 1] Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Unit of Medicine, Umea University, 901 87 Umea Editor  
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