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Author Fimland, M.S.; Vie, G.; Holtermann, A.; Krokstad, S.; Nilsen, T.I.L. url  doi
  Title Occupational and leisure-time physical activity and risk of disability pension: prospective data from the HUNT Study, Norway Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Occupational and Environmental Medicine Abbreviated Journal Occup Environ Med  
  Volume 75 Issue 1 Pages 23-28  
  Keywords Adult; Disability Evaluation; *Disabled Persons; *Exercise; Female; Humans; *Leisure Activities; Lifting; Male; Mental Disorders; Middle Aged; *Musculoskeletal Diseases/etiology/prevention & control; Norway; *Occupational Exposure; *Pensions; Proportional Hazards Models; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Surveys and Questionnaires; Walking; *Work; Public health  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and disability pension due to musculoskeletal cause, mental cause or any cause. We also examined the combined association of OPA and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with disability pension. METHODS: A population-based cohort study in Norway on 32 362 persons aged 20-65 years with questionnaire data on OPA and LTPA that were followed up for incident disability pension through the National Insurance Database. We used Cox regression to estimate adjusted HRs with 95% CIs. RESULTS: During a follow-up of 9.3 years, 3837 (12%) received disability pension. Compared with people with mostly sedentary work, those who performed much walking, much walking and lifting, and heavy physical work had HRs of 1.26 (95% CI 1.16 to 1.38), 1.44 (95% CI 1.32 to 1.58) and 1.48 (95% CI 1.33 to 1.70), respectively. These associations were stronger for disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders, whereas there was no clear association between OPA and risk of disability pension due to mental disorders. People with high OPA and low LTPA had a HR of 1.77 (95% CI 1.58 to 1.98) for overall disability pension and HR of 2.56 (95% CI 2.10 to 3.11) for disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders, versus low OPA and high LTPA. CONCLUSIONS: We observed a positive association between OPA and risk of disability pension due to all causes and musculoskeletal disorders, but not for mental disorders. Physical activity during leisure time reduced some, but not all of the unfavourable effect of physically demanding work on risk of disability pension.  
  Address Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1351-0711 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28698178 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1898  
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Author Stover, M.; Pape, K.; Johnsen, R.; Fleten, N.; Sund, E.R.; Ose, S.O.; Bjorngaard, J.H. url  doi
  Title Work environment and disability pension-- an 18-year follow-up study in a Norwegian working population Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Scandinavian Journal of Public Health Abbreviated Journal Scand J Public Health  
  Volume 41 Issue 6 Pages 587-596  
  Keywords Adult; Disabled Persons/*statistics & numerical data; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Norway; Questionnaires; Risk Factors; *Social Environment; Socioeconomic Factors; *Workplace; Occupational Health; epidemiology; work disability; work environment; work exposures  
  Abstract AIMS: To investigate the associations between work environment indicators and health- related work disability. METHODS: A health survey of 5,749 working 40-42-year-old Norwegians from Nordland County were linked to a national register for disability pension during a follow-up of over 18 years. The risk for disability pension following various self-reported physical and psychosocial work environmental exposures (individual and cumulative) were estimated using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Both cumulative physical and psychosocial work environmental exposures were associated with an increased risk for disability pension, although this association was attenuated for most variables after adjusting for health and education. An increase in five poor psychosocial work environmental exposures was associated with a 22% increased risk for disability (adjusted hazard ratio, aHR, 1.22, 95% CI 1.04-1.44), whereas a similar increase in five poor physical work environmental exposures was associated with a 29% increased risk (aHR, 1.29, 95% CI 1.16-1.44). There were no indications of statistical interaction between either sex or education and work exposures. CONCLUSIONS: People who report a poor work environment are at a higher risk for subsequent work disability. This finding suggests that improving working conditions may be an area of intervention in order to reduce the number of people who leave the labour market with a disability pension.  
  Address Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. Morten.stover@ntnu.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1403-4948 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23686367 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1396  
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