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Author Leivseth, L.; Nilsen, T.I.L.; Mai, X.-M.; Johnsen, R.; Langhammer, A. url  doi
  Title Lung function and anxiety in association with dyspnoea: the HUNT study Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Respiratory Medicine Abbreviated Journal Respir Med  
  Volume 106 Issue 8 Pages 1148-1157  
  Keywords Adult; Aged; Anxiety/*complications/epidemiology/physiopathology; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dyspnea/epidemiology/*etiology/physiopathology/psychology; Female; Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology; Humans; Lung/*physiopathology; Male; Middle Aged; Norway/epidemiology; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Vital Capacity/physiology; Walking/physiology  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Few studies from the general population have investigated the role of anxiety in reporting dyspnoea. We examined the independent and combined association of lung function and anxiety symptoms with the prevalence of dyspnoea in different situations. METHODS: The study included 5627 women and 5066 men who participated in the Lung study of the Nord-Trondelag Health Study second survey in 1995-97. In a cross-sectional design we used logistic regression to calculate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for reporting dyspnoea associated with levels of percent predicted FEV(1) (ppFEV(1)) and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). RESULTS: Overall, there was a linear inverse association between ppFEV(1) and dyspnoea (all P(trend) < 0.001), and a positive association between anxiety symptoms and dyspnoea (all P(trend) < 0.001). In combined analysis, using people with ppFEV(1) >/=100 without anxiety as reference, the OR (95% confidence interval) for reporting dyspnoea when walking on flat ground was 6.23 (3.45-11.28) in women with ppFEV(1) <80 without anxiety and 15.14 (7.13-32.12) in women with ppFEV(1) <80 with anxiety. The corresponding ORs among men were 5.75 (2.23-14.18) and 15.19 (4.74-48.64), respectively. Similar patterns were seen for dyspnoea when sitting still and woken at night by dyspnoea. CONCLUSION: Impaired lung function and anxiety symptoms were independently associated with reporting dyspnoea. Within lung function levels, reporting dyspnoea was more common among people with anxiety symptoms than among people without. This suggests that, in addition to its relation to reduced lung function, the subjective experience of breathing discomfort may also influence or be influenced by anxiety.  
  Address Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and General Practice, P.O. Box 8905, MTFS, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway. linda.leivseth@ntnu.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0954-6111 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22579439 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1544  
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Author Naicker, K.; Johnson, J.A.; Skogen, J.C.; Manuel, D.; Overland, S.; Sivertsen, B.; Colman, I. url  doi
  Title Type 2 Diabetes and Comorbid Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: Longitudinal Associations With Mortality Risk Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Diabetes Care Abbreviated Journal Diabetes Care  
  Volume 40 Issue 3 Pages 352-358  
  Keywords Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anxiety/*complications; Comorbidity; Depression/*complications; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*complications; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Norway/epidemiology; Proportional Hazards Models; Risk Factors; Socioeconomic Factors; Surveys and Questionnaires; Young Adult  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: Depression is strongly linked to increased mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Despite high rates of co-occurring anxiety and depression, the risk of death associated with comorbid anxiety in individuals with type 2 diabetes is poorly understood. This study documented the excess mortality risk associated with symptoms of depression and/or anxiety comorbid with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using data for 64,177 Norwegian adults from the second wave of the Nord-Trondelag Health Study (HUNT2), with linkage to the Norwegian Causes of Death Registry, we assessed all-cause mortality from survey participation in 1995 through to 2013. We used Cox proportional hazards models to examine mortality risk over 18 years associated with type 2 diabetes status and the presence of comorbid affective symptoms at baseline. RESULTS: Three clear patterns emerged from our findings. First, mortality risk in individuals with diabetes increased in the presence of depression or anxiety, or both. Second, mortality risk was lowest for symptoms of anxiety, higher for comorbid depression-anxiety, and highest for depression. Lastly, excess mortality risk associated with depression and anxiety was observed in men with diabetes but not in women. The highest risk of death was observed in men with diabetes and symptoms of depression only (hazard ratio 3.47, 95% CI 1.96, 6.14). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that symptoms of anxiety affect mortality risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes independently of symptoms of depression, in addition to attenuating the relationship between depressive symptoms and mortality in these individuals.  
  Address School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada icolman@uottawa.ca  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0149-5992 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28077458 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1961  
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