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Author Derdikman-Eiron, R.; Indredavik, M.S.; Bakken, I.J.; Bratberg, G.H.; Hjemdal, O.; Colton, M. url  doi
  Title Gender differences in psychosocial functioning of adolescents with symptoms of anxiety and depression: longitudinal findings from the Nord-Trondelag Health Study Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology Abbreviated Journal Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol  
  Volume 47 Issue 11 Pages 1855-1863  
  Keywords Adaptation, Psychological; Adolescent; Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis/*epidemiology/psychology; Child Behavior Disorders/diagnosis/*epidemiology/psychology; Depression/diagnosis/*epidemiology/psychology; Depressive Disorder/diagnosis/*epidemiology/psychology; Female; Health Surveys; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Norway; Personality Tests/statistics & numerical data; Quality of Life/psychology; Questionnaires; Self Concept; Sex Characteristics; Sex Factors; Social Adjustment  
  Abstract PURPOSE: To explore longitudinally gender differences in the associations between psychosocial functioning, subjective well-being and self-esteem among adolescents with and without symptoms of anxiety and depression. METHODS: Data were obtained from a major population-based Norwegian study, the Nord-Trondelag Health Study, in which 1,092 boys and 1,262 girls (86% of all invited) completed an extensive self-report questionnaire at baseline (mean age 14.4 years) and at follow-up (mean age 18.4 years). RESULTS: Gender was a moderator variable in the associations between symptoms of anxiety and depression and impairment, meaning that boys' functioning was impaired to a larger extent than girls' functioning. A statistically significant interaction effect between gender and symptoms of anxiety and depression was found at follow-up in terms of subjective well-being (p < 0.05), self-esteem (p < 0.05), academic problems (p < 0.01), behaviour problems (p < 0.01) and frequency of meeting friends (p < 0.001). Onset of symptoms between baseline and follow-up was associated with less frequent meetings with friends among boys, but not among girls. After remission of symptoms, boys still had more behaviour and academic problems, less frequently met friends and reported lower subjective well-being and self-esteem than boys who had no symptoms at both time points. No similar differences were found among the girls. CONCLUSION: Previous and ongoing symptoms of anxiety and depression had more negative consequences for boys than for girls. These findings may contribute to improved assessment and intervention methods tailored differently for each gender.  
  Address Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, The Regional Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health (RBUP), Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491, Trondheim, Norway. ruth.derdikman@ntnu.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0933-7954 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22382555 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1521  
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Author Helvik, A.-S.; Engedal, K.; Krokstad, S.; Stordal, E.; Selbaek, G. url  doi
  Title A comparison of depressive symptoms in elderly medical inpatients and the elderly in a population-based health study (the Nord-Trondelag Health Study 3) Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Nordic Journal of Psychiatry Abbreviated Journal Nord J Psychiatry  
  Volume 66 Issue 3 Pages 189-197  
  Keywords Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anxiety/epidemiology; Anxiety Disorders/complications/diagnosis/epidemiology; Cross-Sectional Studies; Depression/*epidemiology; Depressive Disorder/diagnosis/*epidemiology; Depressive Disorder, Major/complications; Female; *Health Status; Humans; Inpatients/*statistics & numerical data; Male; Norway/epidemiology; Odds Ratio; Prevalence; Risk; Rural Population; Urban Population  
  Abstract AIM: To compare depression in a sample of the medically hospitalized elderly with elderly people participating in a population-based health study in Norway and further to study the odds for depression, controlling for demographic and health differences between the two samples. METHOD: This cross-sectional observational study evaluated 484 medical inpatients from rural areas and 10,765 drawn from the Nord-Trondelag Health Study 3 (HUNT-3 Study) including participants from rural and urban areas. All participants were elderly (>/=65 years) with a mean (+/- standard deviation) age of 80.7 +/- 7.4 and 73.3 +/- 6.3 years, respectively. Symptoms of depression were screened by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). RESULTS: The prevalence of symptoms indicating mild, moderate or more severe depression (depression score >/=8) was about the same in both groups. In regression analyses, adjusting demographic and health differences, the odds for depression was lower for the elderly in the hospital sample than in the HUNT-3 Study. Older age, male gender, perceiving general health as poor, having impaired ability to function in daily life, previous consultation or treatment for emotional problems and anxiety (anxiety score >/=8) were associated with increased odds for depression in the elderly independent of being hospitalized or not. CONCLUSION: Surprisingly, we found the odds for depression after controlling for demographic and health variables to be lower in the hospitalized elderly individuals than in the elderly participating in the population-based health study. The health variables that were most strongly associated with an increased risk of depression were poor physical health and anxiety.  
  Address Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. Anne-Sofi e.Helvik@ntnu.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0803-9488 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:21958367 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1530  
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