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Author Anttila, V.; Winsvold, B.S.; Gormley, P.; Kurth, T.; Bettella, F.; McMahon, G.; Kallela, M.; Malik, R.; de Vries, B.; Terwindt, G.; Medland, S.E.; Todt, U.; McArdle, W.L.; Quaye, L.; Koiranen, M.; Ikram, M.A.; Lehtimaki, T.; Stam, A.H.; Ligthart, L.; Wedenoja, J.; Dunham, I.; Neale, B.M.; Palta, P.; Hamalainen, E.; Schurks, M.; Rose, L.M.; Buring, J.E.; Ridker, P.M.; Steinberg, S.; Stefansson, H.; Jakobsson, F.; Lawlor, D.A.; Evans, D.M.; Ring, S.M.; Farkkila, M.; Artto, V.; Kaunisto, M.A.; Freilinger, T.; Schoenen, J.; Frants, R.R.; Pelzer, N.; Weller, C.M.; Zielman, R.; Heath, A.C.; Madden, P.A.F.; Montgomery, G.W.; Martin, N.G.; Borck, G.; Gobel, H.; Heinze, A.; Heinze-Kuhn, K.; Williams, F.M.K.; Hartikainen, A.-L.; Pouta, A.; van den Ende, J.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Hofman, A.; Amin, N.; Hottenga, J.-J.; Vink, J.M.; Heikkila, K.; Alexander, M.; Muller-Myhsok, B.; Schreiber, S.; Meitinger, T.; Wichmann, H.E.; Aromaa, A.; Eriksson, J.G.; Traynor, B.J.; Trabzuni, D.; Rossin, E.; Lage, K.; Jacobs, S.B.R.; Gibbs, J.R.; Birney, E.; Kaprio, J.; Penninx, B.W.; Boomsma, D.I.; van Duijn, C.; Raitakari, O.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Zwart, J.-A.; Cherkas, L.; Strachan, D.P.; Kubisch, C.; Ferrari, M.D.; van den Maagdenberg, A.M.J.M.; Dichgans, M.; Wessman, M.; Smith, G.D.; Stefansson, K.; Daly, M.J.; Nyholt, D.R.; Chasman, D.I.; Palotie, A. url  doi
  Title Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies new susceptibility loci for migraine Type Meta-Analysis
  Year 2013 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 45 Issue 8 Pages 912-917  
  Keywords Cerebellum/metabolism; Computational Biology; Frontal Lobe/metabolism; *Genetic Loci; *Genetic Predisposition to Disease; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Humans; Migraine Disorders/*genetics; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Quantitative Trait Loci; HUNT3  
  Abstract Migraine is the most common brain disorder, affecting approximately 14% of the adult population, but its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We report the results of a meta-analysis across 29 genome-wide association studies, including a total of 23,285 individuals with migraine (cases) and 95,425 population-matched controls. We identified 12 loci associated with migraine susceptibility (P<5x10(-8)). Five loci are new: near AJAP1 at 1p36, near TSPAN2 at 1p13, within FHL5 at 6q16, within C7orf10 at 7p14 and near MMP16 at 8q21. Three of these loci were identified in disease subgroup analyses. Brain tissue expression quantitative trait locus analysis suggests potential functional candidate genes at four loci: APOA1BP, TBC1D7, FUT9, STAT6 and ATP5B.  
  Address Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Cambridge, UK. anttila@atgu.mgh.harvard.edu  
  Corporate Author International Headache Genetics Consortium Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1061-4036 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23793025 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1341  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Berndt, S.I.; Gustafsson, S.; Magi, R.; Ganna, A.; Wheeler, E.; Feitosa, M.F.; Justice, A.E.; Monda, K.L.; Croteau-Chonka, D.C.; Day, F.R.; Esko, T.; Fall, T.; Ferreira, T.; Gentilini, D.; Jackson, A.U.; Luan, J.'an; Randall, J.C.; Vedantam, S.; Willer, C.J.; Winkler, T.W.; Wood, A.R.; Workalemahu, T.; Hu, Y.-J.; Lee, S.H.; Liang, L.; Lin, D.-Y.; Min, J.L.; Neale, B.M.; Thorleifsson, G.; Yang, J.; Albrecht, E.; Amin, N.; Bragg-Gresham, J.L.; Cadby, G.; den Heijer, M.; Eklund, N.; Fischer, K.; Goel, A.; Hottenga, J.-J.; Huffman, J.E.; Jarick, I.; Johansson, A.; Johnson, T.; Kanoni, S.; Kleber, M.E.; Konig, I.R.; Kristiansson, K.; Kutalik, Z.; Lamina, C.; Lecoeur, C.; Li, G.; Mangino, M.; McArdle, W.L.; Medina-Gomez, C.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Ngwa, J.S.; Nolte, I.M.; Paternoster, L.; Pechlivanis, S.; Perola, M.; Peters, M.J.; Preuss, M.; Rose, L.M.; Shi, J.; Shungin, D.; Smith, A.V.; Strawbridge, R.J.; Surakka, I.; Teumer, A.; Trip, M.D.; Tyrer, J.; Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Vandenput, L.; Waite, L.L.; Zhao, J.H.; Absher, D.; Asselbergs, F.W.; Atalay, M.; Attwood, A.P.; Balmforth, A.J.; Basart, H.; Beilby, J.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Brambilla, P.; Bruinenberg, M.; Campbell, H.; Chasman, D.I.; Chines, P.S.; Collins, F.S.; Connell, J.M.; Cookson, W.O.; de Faire, U.; de Vegt, F.; Dei, M.; Dimitriou, M.; Edkins, S.; Estrada, K.; Evans, D.M.; Farrall, M.; Ferrario, M.M.; Ferrieres, J.; Franke, L.; Frau, F.; Gejman, P.V.; Grallert, H.; Gronberg, H.; Gudnason, V.; Hall, A.S.; Hall, P.; Hartikainen, A.-L.; Hayward, C.; Heard-Costa, N.L.; Heath, A.C.; Hebebrand, J.; Homuth, G.; Hu, F.B.; Hunt, S.E.; Hypponen, E.; Iribarren, C.; Jacobs, K.B.; Jansson, J.-O.; Jula, A.; Kahonen, M.; Kathiresan, S.; Kee, F.; Khaw, K.-T.; Kivimaki, M.; Koenig, W.; Kraja, A.T.; Kumari, M.; Kuulasmaa, K.; Kuusisto, J.; Laitinen, J.H.; Lakka, T.A.; Langenberg, C.; Launer, L.J.; Lind, L.; Lindstrom, J.; Liu, J.; Liuzzi, A.; Lokki, M.-L.; Lorentzon, M.; Madden, P.A.; Magnusson, P.K.; Manunta, P.; Marek, D.; Marz, W.; Mateo Leach, I.; McKnight, B.; Medland, S.E.; Mihailov, E.; Milani, L.; Montgomery, G.W.; Mooser, V.; Muhleisen, T.W.; Munroe, P.B.; Musk, A.W.; Narisu, N.; Navis, G.; Nicholson, G.; Nohr, E.A.; Ong, K.K.; Oostra, B.A.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Palotie, A.; Peden, J.F.; Pedersen, N.; Peters, A.; Polasek, O.; Pouta, A.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Prokopenko, I.; Putter, C.; Radhakrishnan, A.; Raitakari, O.; Rendon, A.; Rivadeneira, F.; Rudan, I.; Saaristo, T.E.; Sambrook, J.G.; Sanders, A.R.; Sanna, S.; Saramies, J.; Schipf, S.; Schreiber, S.; Schunkert, H.; Shin, S.-Y.; Signorini, S.; Sinisalo, J.; Skrobek, B.; Soranzo, N.; Stancakova, A.; Stark, K.; Stephens, J.C.; Stirrups, K.; Stolk, R.P.; Stumvoll, M.; Swift, A.J.; Theodoraki, E.V.; Thorand, B.; Tregouet, D.-A.; Tremoli, E.; Van der Klauw, M.M.; van Meurs, J.B.J.; Vermeulen, S.H.; Viikari, J.; Virtamo, J.; Vitart, V.; Waeber, G.; Wang, Z.; Widen, E.; Wild, S.H.; Willemsen, G.; Winkelmann, B.R.; Witteman, J.C.M.; Wolffenbuttel, B.H.R.; Wong, A.; Wright, A.F.; Zillikens, M.C.; Amouyel, P.; Boehm, B.O.; Boerwinkle, E.; Boomsma, D.I.; Caulfield, M.J.; Chanock, S.J.; Cupples, L.A.; Cusi, D.; Dedoussis, G.V.; Erdmann, J.; Eriksson, J.G.; Franks, P.W.; Froguel, P.; Gieger, C.; Gyllensten, U.; Hamsten, A.; Harris, T.B.; Hengstenberg, C.; Hicks, A.A.; Hingorani, A.; Hinney, A.; Hofman, A.; Hovingh, K.G.; Hveem, K.; Illig, T.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Jockel, K.-H.; Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, S.M.; Kiemeney, L.A.; Kuh, D.; Laakso, M.; Lehtimaki, T.; Levinson, D.F.; Martin, N.G.; Metspalu, A.; Morris, A.D.; Nieminen, M.S.; Njolstad, I.; Ohlsson, C.; Oldehinkel, A.J.; Ouwehand, W.H.; Palmer, L.J.; Penninx, B.; Power, C.; Province, M.A.; Psaty, B.M.; Qi, L.; Rauramaa, R.; Ridker, P.M.; Ripatti, S.; Salomaa, V.; Samani, N.J.; Snieder, H.; Sorensen, T.I.A.; Spector, T.D.; Stefansson, K.; Tonjes, A.; Tuomilehto, J.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Uusitupa, M.; van der Harst, P.; Vollenweider, P.; Wallaschofski, H.; Wareham, N.J.; Watkins, H.; Wichmann, H.-E.; Wilson, J.F.; Abecasis, G.R.; Assimes, T.L.; Barroso, I.; Boehnke, M.; Borecki, I.B.; Deloukas, P.; Fox, C.S.; Frayling, T.; Groop, L.C.; Haritunian, T.; Heid, I.M.; Hunter, D.; Kaplan, R.C.; Karpe, F.; Moffatt, M.F.; Mohlke, K.L.; O'Connell, J.R.; Pawitan, Y.; Schadt, E.E.; Schlessinger, D.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Strachan, D.P.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; van Duijn, C.M.; Visscher, P.M.; Di Blasio, A.M.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Lindgren, C.M.; Morris, A.P.; Meyre, D.; Scherag, A.; McCarthy, M.I.; Speliotes, E.K.; North, K.E.; Loos, R.J.F.; Ingelsson, E. url  doi
  Title Genome-wide meta-analysis identifies 11 new loci for anthropometric traits and provides insights into genetic architecture Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 45 Issue 5 Pages 501-512  
  Keywords *Anthropometry; Body Height/*genetics; Body Mass Index; Case-Control Studies; European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics; *Genetic Predisposition to Disease; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Genotype; Humans; Meta-Analysis as Topic; Obesity/*genetics; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/*genetics; *Quantitative Trait Loci; Waist-Hip Ratio  
  Abstract Approaches exploiting trait distribution extremes may be used to identify loci associated with common traits, but it is unknown whether these loci are generalizable to the broader population. In a genome-wide search for loci associated with the upper versus the lower 5th percentiles of body mass index, height and waist-to-hip ratio, as well as clinical classes of obesity, including up to 263,407 individuals of European ancestry, we identified 4 new loci (IGFBP4, H6PD, RSRC1 and PPP2R2A) influencing height detected in the distribution tails and 7 new loci (HNF4G, RPTOR, GNAT2, MRPS33P4, ADCY9, HS6ST3 and ZZZ3) for clinical classes of obesity. Further, we find a large overlap in genetic structure and the distribution of variants between traits based on extremes and the general population and little etiological heterogeneity between obesity subgroups.  
  Address US Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1061-4036 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23563607 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1466  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Bjorngaard, J.H.; Gunnell, D.; Elvestad, M.B.; Davey Smith, G.; Skorpen, F.; Krokan, H.; Vatten, L.; Romundstad, P. url  doi
  Title The causal role of smoking in anxiety and depression: a Mendelian randomization analysis of the HUNT study Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Psychological Medicine Abbreviated Journal Psychol Med  
  Volume 43 Issue 4 Pages 711-719  
  Keywords Adult; Alleles; Anxiety Disorders/*epidemiology/genetics; Body Mass Index; Causality; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15/genetics; Depressive Disorder/*epidemiology/genetics; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/epidemiology/genetics; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; *Mendelian Randomization Analysis; Middle Aged; Norway/epidemiology; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics; Pregnancy; Prevalence; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Receptors, Nicotinic/*genetics; Self Report; Smoking/*epidemiology/genetics/psychology; Young Adult  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is strongly associated with mental illness but the causal direction of the association is uncertain. We investigated the causal relationship between smoking and symptoms of anxiety and depression in the Norwegian HUNT study using the rs1051730 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variant located in the nicotine acetylcholine receptor gene cluster on chromosome 15 as an instrumental variable for smoking phenotypes. Among smokers, this SNP is robustly associated with smoking quantity and nicotine dependence. Method In total, 53 601 participants were genotyped for the rs1051730 SNP and provided information on smoking habits and symptoms of anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). RESULTS: Self-reported smoking was positively associated with the prevalence of both anxiety and depression, and the measured polymorphism was positively associated with being a current smoker and the number of cigarettes smoked in current smokers. In the sample as a whole, risk of anxiety increased with each affected T allele [odds ratio (OR) 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-1.09, p = 0.002] but there was no association with depression (p = 0.31). However, we found no clear association of the polymorphism with either anxiety (OR 1.03, 95% CI 0.97-1.09, p = 0.34) or depression (OR 1.02, 95% CI 0.95-1.09, p = 0.62) among smokers. CONCLUSIONS: As there was no association of the smoking-related rs1051730 SNP with anxiety and depression among smokers, the results suggest that smoking is not a cause of anxiety and depression.  
  Address Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. johan.h.bjorngaard@ntnu.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0033-2917 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22687325 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1465  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Cuypers, K.; De Ridder, K.; Kvaloy, K.; Knudtsen, M.S.; Krokstad, S.; Holmen, J.; Holmen, T.L. url  doi
  Title Leisure time activities in adolescence in the presence of susceptibility genes for obesity: risk or resilience against overweight in adulthood? The HUNT study Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication BMC Public Health Abbreviated Journal BMC Public Health  
  Volume 12 Issue Pages 820  
  Keywords Adolescent; Body Mass Index; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/*genetics; Genotype; Humans; *Leisure Activities; Male; Norway; Obesity/*genetics/*prevention & control; Overweight/genetics/prevention & control; Population Surveillance; Questionnaires; Waist Circumference/physiology; Young Adult  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Environment, health behavior, and genetic background are important in the development of obesity. Adolescents spend substantial part of daily leisure time on cultural and social activities, but knowledge about the effects of participation in such activities on weight is limited. METHODS: A number of 1450 adolescents from the Norwegian HUNT study (1995-97) were followed-up in 2006-08 as young adults. Phenotypic data on lifestyle and anthropometric measures were assessed using questionnaires and standardized clinical examinations. Genotypic information on 12 established obesity-susceptibility loci were available for analyses. Generalized estimating equations were used to examine the associations between cultural and social activities in adolescence and adiposity measures in young adulthood. In addition, interaction effects of a genetic predisposition score by leisure time activities were tested. RESULTS: In girls, participation in cultural activities was negatively associated with waist circumference (WC) (B = -0.04, 95%CI: -0.08 to -0.00) and with waist-hip ratio (WHR) (B = -0.058, 95%CI: -0.11 to -0.01). However, participation in social activities was positively associated with WC (B = 0.040, CI: 0.00 to 0.08) in girls and with BMI (B = 0.027, CI: 0.00 to 0.05) in boys. The effect of the obesity-susceptibility genetic variants on anthropometric measures was lower in adolescents with high participation in cultural activities compared to adolescents with low participation. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the effects of cultural activities on body fat are different from the effects of participation in social activities. The protective influence of cultural activities in female adolescents against overweight in adulthood and their moderating effect on obesity-susceptibility genes suggest that even cultural activities may be useful in public health strategies against obesity.  
  Address HUNT Research Center, Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian, University of Science and Technology, Forskningsveien 2, 7600, Levanger, Norway. koenraad.cuypers@ntnu.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1471-2458 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22998931; PMC3491037 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1511  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Dastani, Z.; Hivert, M.-F.; Timpson, N.; Perry, J.R.B.; Yuan, X.; Scott, R.A.; Henneman, P.; Heid, I.M.; Kizer, J.R.; Lyytikainen, L.-P.; Fuchsberger, C.; Tanaka, T.; Morris, A.P.; Small, K.; Isaacs, A.; Beekman, M.; Coassin, S.; Lohman, K.; Qi, L.; Kanoni, S.; Pankow, J.S.; Uh, H.-W.; Wu, Y.; Bidulescu, A.; Rasmussen-Torvik, L.J.; Greenwood, C.M.T.; Ladouceur, M.; Grimsby, J.; Manning, A.K.; Liu, C.-T.; Kooner, J.; Mooser, V.E.; Vollenweider, P.; Kapur, K.A.; Chambers, J.; Wareham, N.J.; Langenberg, C.; Frants, R.; Willems-Vandijk, K.; Oostra, B.A.; Willems, S.M.; Lamina, C.; Winkler, T.W.; Psaty, B.M.; Tracy, R.P.; Brody, J.; Chen, I.; Viikari, J.; Kahonen, M.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Evans, D.M.; St Pourcain, B.; Sattar, N.; Wood, A.R.; Bandinelli, S.; Carlson, O.D.; Egan, J.M.; Bohringer, S.; van Heemst, D.; Kedenko, L.; Kristiansson, K.; Nuotio, M.-L.; Loo, B.-M.; Harris, T.; Garcia, M.; Kanaya, A.; Haun, M.; Klopp, N.; Wichmann, H.-E.; Deloukas, P.; Katsareli, E.; Couper, D.J.; Duncan, B.B.; Kloppenburg, M.; Adair, L.S.; Borja, J.B.; Wilson, J.G.; Musani, S.; Guo, X.; Johnson, T.; Semple, R.; Teslovich, T.M.; Allison, M.A.; Redline, S.; Buxbaum, S.G.; Mohlke, K.L.; Meulenbelt, I.; Ballantyne, C.M.; Dedoussis, G.V.; Hu, F.B.; Liu, Y.; Paulweber, B.; Spector, T.D.; Slagboom, P.E.; Ferrucci, L.; Jula, A.; Perola, M.; Raitakari, O.; Florez, J.C.; Salomaa, V.; Eriksson, J.G.; Frayling, T.M.; Hicks, A.A.; Lehtimaki, T.; Smith, G.D.; Siscovick, D.S.; Kronenberg, F.; van Duijn, C.; Loos, R.J.F.; Waterworth, D.M.; Meigs, J.B.; Dupuis, J.; Richards, J.B.; Voight, B.F.; Scott, L.J.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Dina, C.; Welch, R.P.; Zeggini, E.; Huth, C.; Aulchenko, Y.S.; Thorleifsson, G.; McCulloch, L.J.; Ferreira, T.; Grallert, H.; Amin, N.; Wu, G.; Willer, C.J.; Raychaudhuri, S.; McCarroll, S.A.; Hofmann, O.M.; Segre, A.V.; van Hoek, M.; Navarro, P.; Ardlie, K.; Balkau, B.; Benediktsson, R.; Bennett, A.J.; Blagieva, R.; Boerwinkle, E.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Bostrom, K.B.; Bravenboer, B.; Bumpstead, S.; Burtt, N.P.; Charpentier, G.; Chines, P.S.; Cornelis, M.; Crawford, G.; Doney, A.S.F.; Elliott, K.S.; Elliott, A.L.; Erdos, M.R.; Fox, C.S.; Franklin, C.S.; Ganser, M.; Gieger, C.; Grarup, N.; Green, T.; Griffin, S.; Groves, C.J.; Guiducci, C.; Hadjadj, S.; Hassanali, N.; Herder, C.; Isomaa, B.; Jackson, A.U.; Johnson, P.R.V.; Jorgensen, T.; Kao, W.H.L.; Kong, A.; Kraft, P.; Kuusisto, J.; Lauritzen, T.; Li, M.; Lieverse, A.; Lindgren, C.M.; Lyssenko, V.; Marre, M.; Meitinger, T.; Midthjell, K.; Morken, M.A.; Narisu, N.; Nilsson, P.; Owen, K.R.; Payne, F.; Petersen, A.-K.; Platou, C.; Proenca, C.; Prokopenko, I.; Rathmann, W.; Rayner, N.W.; Robertson, N.R.; Rocheleau, G.; Roden, M.; Sampson, M.J.; Saxena, R.; Shields, B.M.; Shrader, P.; Sigurdsson, G.; Sparso, T.; Strassburger, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Sun, Q.; Swift, A.J.; Thorand, B.; Tichet, J.; Tuomi, T.; van Dam, R.M.; van Haeften, T.W.; van Herpt, T.; van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Walters, G.B.; Weedon, M.N.; Wijmenga, C.; Witteman, J.; Bergman, R.N.; Cauchi, S.; Collins, F.S.; Gloyn, A.L.; Gyllensten, U.; Hansen, T.; Hide, W.A.; Hitman, G.A.; Hofman, A.; Hunter, D.J.; Hveem, K.; Laakso, M.; Morris, A.D.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Rudan, I.; Sijbrands, E.; Stein, L.D.; Tuomilehto, J.; Uitterlinden, A.; Walker, M.; Watanabe, R.M.; Abecasis, G.R.; Boehm, B.O.; Campbell, H.; Daly, M.J.; Hattersley, A.T.; Pedersen, O.; Barroso, I.; Groop, L.; Sladek, R.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Wilson, J.F.; Illig, T.; Froguel, P.; van Duijn, C.M.; Stefansson, K.; Altshuler, D.; Boehnke, M.; McCarthy, M.I.; Soranzo, N.; Wheeler, E.; Glazer, N.L.; Bouatia-Naji, N.; Magi, R.; Randall, J.; Elliott, P.; Rybin, D.; Dehghan, A.; Hottenga, J.J.; Song, K.; Goel, A.; Lajunen, T.; Doney, A.; Cavalcanti-Proenca, C.; Kumari, M.; Timpson, N.J.; Zabena, C.; Ingelsson, E.; An, P.; O'Connell, J.; Luan, J.'an; Elliott, A.; McCarroll, S.A.; Roccasecca, R.M.; Pattou, F.; Sethupathy, P.; Ariyurek, Y.; Barter, P.; Beilby, J.P.; Ben-Shlomo, Y.; Bergmann, S.; Bochud, M.; Bonnefond, A.; Borch-Johnsen, K.; Bottcher, Y.; Brunner, E.; Bumpstead, S.J.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Chines, P.; Clarke, R.; Coin, L.J.M.; Cooper, M.N.; Crisponi, L.; Day, I.N.M.; de Geus, E.J.C.; Delplanque, J.; Fedson, A.C.; Fischer-Rosinsky, A.; Forouhi, N.G.; Franzosi, M.G.; Galan, P.; Goodarzi, M.O.; Graessler, J.; Grundy, S.; Gwilliam, R.; Hallmans, G.; Hammond, N.; Han, X.; Hartikainen, A.-L.; Hayward, C.; Heath, S.C.; Hercberg, S.; Hillman, D.R.; Hingorani, A.D.; Hui, J.; Hung, J.; Kaakinen, M.; Kaprio, J.; Kesaniemi, Y.A.; Kivimaki, M.; Knight, B.; Koskinen, S.; Kovacs, P.; Kyvik, K.O.; Lathrop, G.M.; Lawlor, D.A.; Le Bacquer, O.; Lecoeur, C.; Li, Y.; Mahley, R.; Mangino, M.; Martinez-Larrad, M.T.; McAteer, J.B.; McPherson, R.; Meisinger, C.; Melzer, D.; Meyre, D.; Mitchell, B.D.; Mukherjee, S.; Naitza, S.; Neville, M.J.; Orru, M.; Pakyz, R.; Paolisso, G.; Pattaro, C.; Pearson, D.; Peden, J.F.; Pedersen, N.L.; Pfeiffer, A.F.H.; Pichler, I.; Polasek, O.; Posthuma, D.; Potter, S.C.; Pouta, A.; Province, M.A.; Rayner, N.W.; Rice, K.; Ripatti, S.; Rivadeneira, F.; Rolandsson, O.; Sandbaek, A.; Sandhu, M.; Sanna, S.; Sayer, A.A.; Scheet, P.; Seedorf, U.; Sharp, S.J.; Shields, B.; Sigurethsson, G.; Sijbrands, E.J.G.; Silveira, A.; Simpson, L.; Singleton, A.; Smith, N.L.; Sovio, U.; Swift, A.; Syddall, H.; Syvanen, A.-C.; Tonjes, A.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; van Dijk, K.W.; Varma, D.; Visvikis-Siest, S.; Vitart, V.; Vogelzangs, N.; Waeber, G.; Wagner, P.J.; Walley, A.; Ward, K.L.; Watkins, H.; Wild, S.H.; Willemsen, G.; Witteman, J.C.M.; Yarnell, J.W.G.; Zelenika, D.; Zethelius, B.; Zhai, G.; Zhao, J.H.; Zillikens, M.C.; Borecki, I.B.; Meneton, P.; Magnusson, P.K.E.; Nathan, D.M.; Williams, G.H.; Silander, K.; Bornstein, S.R.; Schwarz, P.; Spranger, J.; Karpe, F.; Shuldiner, A.R.; Cooper, C.; Serrano-Rios, M.; Lind, L.; Palmer, L.J.; Hu, F.B. 1st; Franks, P.W.; Ebrahim, S.; Marmot, M.; Kao, W.H.L.; Pramstaller, P.P.; Wright, A.F.; Stumvoll, M.; Hamsten, A.; Buchanan, T.A.; Valle, T.T.; Rotter, J.I.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.; Boomsma, D.I.; Cao, A.; Scuteri, A.; Schlessinger, D.; Uda, M.; Ruokonen, A.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Peltonen, L.; Mooser, V.; Sladek, R.; Musunuru, K.; Smith, A.V.; Edmondson, A.C.; Stylianou, I.M.; Koseki, M.; Pirruccello, J.P.; Chasman, D.I.; Johansen, C.T.; Fouchier, S.W.; Peloso, G.M.; Barbalic, M.; Ricketts, S.L.; Bis, J.C.; Feitosa, M.F.; Orho-Melander, M.; Melander, O.; Li, X.; Li, M.; Cho, Y.S.; Go, M.J.; Kim, Y.J.; Lee, J.-Y.; Park, T.; Kim, K.; Sim, X.; Ong, R.T.-H.; Croteau-Chonka, D.C.; Lange, L.A.; Smith, J.D.; Ziegler, A.; Zhang, W.; Zee, R.Y.L.; Whitfield, J.B.; Thompson, J.R.; Surakka, I.; Spector, T.D.; Smit, J.H.; Sinisalo, J.; Scott, J.; Saharinen, J.; Sabatti, C.; Rose, L.M.; Roberts, R.; Rieder, M.; Parker, A.N.; Pare, G.; O'Donnell, C.J.; Nieminen, M.S.; Nickerson, D.A.; Montgomery, G.W.; McArdle, W.; Masson, D.; Martin, N.G.; Marroni, F.; Lucas, G.; Luben, R.; Lokki, M.-L.; Lettre, G.; Launer, L.J.; Lakatta, E.G.; Laaksonen, R.; Kyvik, K.O.; Konig, I.R.; Khaw, K.-T.; Kaplan, L.M.; Johansson, A.; Janssens, A.C.J.W.; Igl, W.; Hovingh, G.K.; Hengstenberg, C.; Havulinna, A.S.; Hastie, N.D.; Harris, T.B.; Haritunians, T.; Hall, A.S.; Groop, L.C.; Gonzalez, E.; Freimer, N.B.; Erdmann, J.; Ejebe, K.G.; Doring, A.; Dominiczak, A.F.; Demissie, S.; Deloukas, P.; de Faire, U.; Crawford, G.; Chen, Y.-der I.; Caulfield, M.J.; Boekholdt, S.M.; Assimes, T.L.; Quertermous, T.; Seielstad, M.; Wong, T.Y.; Tai, E.-S.; Feranil, A.B.; Kuzawa, C.W.; Taylor, H.A.J.; Gabriel, S.B.; Holm, H.; Gudnason, V.; Krauss, R.M.; Ordovas, J.M.; Munroe, P.B.; Kooner, J.S.; Tall, A.R.; Hegele, R.A.; Kastelein, J.J.P.; Schadt, E.E.; Strachan, D.P.; Reilly, M.P.; Samani, N.J.; Schunkert, H.; Cupples, L.A.; Sandhu, M.S.; Ridker, P.M.; Rader, D.J.; Kathiresan, S. url  doi
  Title Novel loci for adiponectin levels and their influence on type 2 diabetes and metabolic traits: a multi-ethnic meta-analysis of 45,891 individuals Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication PLoS Genetics Abbreviated Journal PLoS Genet  
  Volume 8 Issue 3 Pages e1002607  
  Keywords Adiponectin/*blood/genetics; African Americans; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Cholesterol, HDL/genetics; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*genetics; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Gene Expression; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Glucose Tolerance Test; Humans; Insulin Resistance/genetics; Male; Metabolic Networks and Pathways; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Waist-Hip Ratio  
  Abstract Circulating levels of adiponectin, a hormone produced predominantly by adipocytes, are highly heritable and are inversely associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and other metabolic traits. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in 39,883 individuals of European ancestry to identify genes associated with metabolic disease. We identified 8 novel loci associated with adiponectin levels and confirmed 2 previously reported loci (P = 4.5x10(-8)-1.2x10(-43)). Using a novel method to combine data across ethnicities (N = 4,232 African Americans, N = 1,776 Asians, and N = 29,347 Europeans), we identified two additional novel loci. Expression analyses of 436 human adipocyte samples revealed that mRNA levels of 18 genes at candidate regions were associated with adiponectin concentrations after accounting for multiple testing (p<3x10(-4)). We next developed a multi-SNP genotypic risk score to test the association of adiponectin decreasing risk alleles on metabolic traits and diseases using consortia-level meta-analytic data. This risk score was associated with increased risk of T2D (p = 4.3x10(-3), n = 22,044), increased triglycerides (p = 2.6x10(-14), n = 93,440), increased waist-to-hip ratio (p = 1.8x10(-5), n = 77,167), increased glucose two hours post oral glucose tolerance testing (p = 4.4x10(-3), n = 15,234), increased fasting insulin (p = 0.015, n = 48,238), but with lower in HDL-cholesterol concentrations (p = 4.5x10(-13), n = 96,748) and decreased BMI (p = 1.4x10(-4), n = 121,335). These findings identify novel genetic determinants of adiponectin levels, which, taken together, influence risk of T2D and markers of insulin resistance.  
  Address Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, Jewish General Hospital, Lady Davis Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada  
  Corporate Author GLGC Consortium Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1553-7390 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22479202; PMC3315470 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1516  
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Author Ferreira, M.A.; Vonk, J.M.; Baurecht, H.; Marenholz, I.; Tian, C.; Hoffman, J.D.; Helmer, Q.; Tillander, A.; Ullemar, V.; van Dongen, J.; Lu, Y.; Ruschendorf, F.; Esparza-Gordillo, J.; Medway, C.W.; Mountjoy, E.; Burrows, K.; Hummel, O.; Grosche, S.; Brumpton, B.M.; Witte, J.S.; Hottenga, J.-J.; Willemsen, G.; Zheng, J.; Rodriguez, E.; Hotze, M.; Franke, A.; Revez, J.A.; Beesley, J.; Matheson, M.C.; Dharmage, S.C.; Bain, L.M.; Fritsche, L.G.; Gabrielsen, M.E.; Balliu, B.; Nielsen, J.B.; Zhou, W.; Hveem, K.; Langhammer, A.; Holmen, O.L.; Loset, M.; Abecasis, G.R.; Willer, C.J.; Arnold, A.; Homuth, G.; Schmidt, C.O.; Thompson, P.J.; Martin, N.G.; Duffy, D.L.; Novak, N.; Schulz, H.; Karrasch, S.; Gieger, C.; Strauch, K.; Melles, R.B.; Hinds, D.A.; Hubner, N.; Weidinger, S.; Magnusson, P.K.E.; Jansen, R.; Jorgenson, E.; Lee, Y.-A.; Boomsma, D.I.; Almqvist, C.; Karlsson, R.; Koppelman, G.H.; Paternoster, L. url  doi
  Title Shared genetic origin of asthma, hay fever and eczema elucidates allergic disease biology Type Meta-Analysis
  Year 2017 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 49 Issue 12 Pages 1752-1757  
  Keywords Asthma/*genetics; Eczema/*genetics; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/*genetics; Genome-Wide Association Study/methods; Humans; Hypersensitivity/*genetics; Phenotype; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal/*genetics; Risk Factors  
  Abstract Asthma, hay fever (or allergic rhinitis) and eczema (or atopic dermatitis) often coexist in the same individuals, partly because of a shared genetic origin. To identify shared risk variants, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS; n = 360,838) of a broad allergic disease phenotype that considers the presence of any one of these three diseases. We identified 136 independent risk variants (P < 3 x 10(-8)), including 73 not previously reported, which implicate 132 nearby genes in allergic disease pathophysiology. Disease-specific effects were detected for only six variants, confirming that most represent shared risk factors. Tissue-specific heritability and biological process enrichment analyses suggest that shared risk variants influence lymphocyte-mediated immunity. Six target genes provide an opportunity for drug repositioning, while for 36 genes CpG methylation was found to influence transcription independently of genetic effects. Asthma, hay fever and eczema partly coexist because they share many genetic risk variants that dysregulate the expression of immune-related genes.  
  Address MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK  
  Corporate Author LifeLines Cohort Study Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1061-4036 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:29083406 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1903  
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Author Gaulton, K.J.; Ferreira, T.; Lee, Y.; Raimondo, A.; Magi, R.; Reschen, M.E.; Mahajan, A.; Locke, A.; William Rayner, N.; Robertson, N.; Scott, R.A.; Prokopenko, I.; Scott, L.J.; Green, T.; Sparso, T.; Thuillier, D.; Yengo, L.; Grallert, H.; Wahl, S.; Franberg, M.; Strawbridge, R.J.; Kestler, H.; Chheda, H.; Eisele, L.; Gustafsson, S.; Steinthorsdottir, V.; Thorleifsson, G.; Qi, L.; Karssen, L.C.; van Leeuwen, E.M.; Willems, S.M.; Li, M.; Chen, H.; Fuchsberger, C.; Kwan, P.; Ma, C.; Linderman, M.; Lu, Y.; Thomsen, S.K.; Rundle, J.K.; Beer, N.L.; van de Bunt, M.; Chalisey, A.; Kang, H.M.; Voight, B.F.; Abecasis, G.R.; Almgren, P.; Baldassarre, D.; Balkau, B.; Benediktsson, R.; Bluher, M.; Boeing, H.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Bottinger, E.P.; Burtt, N.P.; Carey, J.; Charpentier, G.; Chines, P.S.; Cornelis, M.C.; Couper, D.J.; Crenshaw, A.T.; van Dam, R.M.; Doney, A.S.; Dorkhan, M.; Edkins, S.; Eriksson, J.G.; Esko, T.; Eury, E.; Fadista, J.; Flannick, J.; Fontanillas, P.; Fox, C.; Franks, P.W.; Gertow, K.; Gieger, C.; Gigante, B.; Gottesman, O.; Grant, G.B.; Grarup, N.; Groves, C.J.; Hassinen, M.; Have, C.T.; Herder, C.; Holmen, O.L.; Hreidarsson, A.B.; Humphries, S.E.; Hunter, D.J.; Jackson, A.U.; Jonsson, A.; Jorgensen, M.E.; Jorgensen, T.; Kao, W.H.; Kerrison, N.D.; Kinnunen, L.; Klopp, N.; Kong, A.; Kovacs, P.; Kraft, P.; Kravic, J.; Langford, C.; Leander, K.; Liang, L.; Lichtner, P.; Lindgren, C.M.; Lindholm, E.; Linneberg, A.; Liu, C.T.; Lobbens, S.; Luan, J.; Lyssenko, V.; Mannisto, S.; McLeod, O.; Meyer, J.; Mihailov, E.; Mirza, G.; Muhleisen, T.W.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Navarro, C.; Nothen, M.M.; Oskolkov, N.N.; Owen, K.R.; Palli, D.; Pechlivanis, S.; Peltonen, L.; Perry, J.R.; Platou, C.G.; Roden, M.; Ruderfer, D.; Rybin, D.; van der Schouw, Y.T.; Sennblad, B.; Sigurethsson, G.; Stancakova, A.; Steinbach, G.; Storm, P.; Strauch, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Sun, Q.; Thorand, B.; Tikkanen, E.; Tonjes, A.; Trakalo, J.; Tremoli, E.; Tuomi, T.; Wennauer, R.; Wiltshire, S.; Wood, A.R.; Zeggini, E.; Dunham, I.; Birney, E.; Pasquali, L.; Ferrer, J.; Loos, R.J.; Dupuis, J.; Florez, J.C.; Boerwinkle, E.; Pankow, J.S.; van Duijn, C.; Sijbrands, E.; Meigs, J.B.; Hu, F.B.; Thorsteinsdottir, U.; Stefansson, K.; Lakka, T.A.; Rauramaa, R.; Stumvoll, M.; Pedersen, N.L.; Lind, L.; Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, S.M.; Korpi-Hyovalti, E.; Saaristo, T.E.; Saltevo, J.; Kuusisto, J.; Laakso, M.; Metspalu, A.; Erbel, R.; Jocke, K.H.; Moebus, S.; Ripatti, S.; Salomaa, V.; Ingelsson, E.; Boehm, B.O.; Bergman, R.N.; Collins, F.S.; Mohlke, K.L.; Koistinen, H.; Tuomilehto, J.; Hveem, K.; Njolstad, I.; Deloukas, P.; Donnelly, P.J.; Frayling, T.M.; Hattersley, A.T.; de Faire, U.; Hamsten, A.; Illig, T.; Peters, A.; Cauchi, S.; Sladek, R.; Froguel, P.; Hansen, T.; Pedersen, O.; Morris, A.D.; Palmer, C.N.; Kathiresan, S.; Melander, O.; Nilsson, P.M.; Groop, L.C.; Barroso, I.; Langenberg, C.; Wareham, N.J.; O'Callaghan, C.A.; Gloyn, A.L.; Altshuler, D.; Boehnke, M.; Teslovich, T.M.; McCarthy, M.I.; Morris, A.P.; Replication, D.I.A.G.; Meta-analysis, C. url  doi
  Title Genetic fine mapping and genomic annotation defines causal mechanisms at type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Nat Genet Abbreviated Journal Nature genetics  
  Volume 47 Issue 12 Pages 1415-1425  
  Keywords HUNT2; metabochip; Binding Sites; Case-Control Studies; Chromatin Immunoprecipitation; *Chromosome Mapping; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*genetics; Gene Expression Regulation; *Genetic Loci; *Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genome-Wide Association Study; Genomics; Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-beta/*genetics/metabolism; Humans; Islets of Langerhans/metabolism/pathology; Liver/metabolism/pathology; Molecular Sequence Annotation; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/*genetics; Receptor, Melatonin, MT2/*genetics/metabolism  
  Abstract We performed fine mapping of 39 established type 2 diabetes (T2D) loci in 27,206 cases and 57,574 controls of European ancestry. We identified 49 distinct association signals at these loci, including five mapping in or near KCNQ1. 'Credible sets' of the variants most likely to drive each distinct signal mapped predominantly to noncoding sequence, implying that association with T2D is mediated through gene regulation. Credible set variants were enriched for overlap with FOXA2 chromatin immunoprecipitation binding sites in human islet and liver cells, including at MTNR1B, where fine mapping implicated rs10830963 as driving T2D association. We confirmed that the T2D risk allele for this SNP increases FOXA2-bound enhancer activity in islet- and liver-derived cells. We observed allele-specific differences in NEUROD1 binding in islet-derived cells, consistent with evidence that the T2D risk allele increases islet MTNR1B expression. Our study demonstrates how integration of genetic and genomic information can define molecular mechanisms through which variants underlying association signals exert their effects on disease.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.Department of Genetics, S Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Gaulton, Kyle JFerreira, TeresaLee, YejiRaimondo, AnneMagi, ReedikReschen, Michael EMahajan, AnubhaLocke, AdamWilliam Rayner, NRobertson, NeilScott, Robert AProkopenko, IngaScott, Laura JGreen, ToddSparso, ThomasThuillier, DorotheeYengo, LoicGrallert, HaraldWahl, SimoneFranberg, MattiasStrawbridge, Rona JKestler, HansChheda, HimanshuEisele, LewinGustafsson, StefanSteinthorsdottir, ValgerdurThorleifsson, GudmarQi, LuKarssen, Lennart Cvan Leeuwen, Elisabeth MWillems, Sara MLi, ManChen, HanFuchsberger, ChristianKwan, PhoenixMa, ClementLinderman, MichaelLu, YingchangThomsen, Soren KRundle, Jana KBeer, Nicola Lvan de Bunt, MartijnChalisey, AnilKang, Hyun MinVoight, Benjamin FAbecasis, Goncalo RAlmgren, PeterBaldassarre, DamianoBalkau, BeverleyBenediktsson, RafnBluher, MatthiasBoeing, HeinerBonnycastle, Lori LBottinger, Erwin PBurtt, Noel PCarey, JasonCharpentier, GuillaumeChines, Peter SCornelis, Marilyn CCouper, David JCrenshaw, Andrew Tvan Dam, Rob MDoney, Alex S FDorkhan, MozhganEdkins, SarahEriksson, Johan GEsko, TonuEury, ElodieFadista, JoaoFlannick, JasonFontanillas, PierreFox, CarolineFranks, Paul WGertow, KarlGieger, ChristianGigante, BrunaGottesman, OmriGrant, George BGrarup, NielsGroves, Christopher JHassinen, MaijaHave, Christian THerder, ChristianHolmen, Oddgeir LHreidarsson, Astradur BHumphries, Steve EHunter, David JJackson, Anne UJonsson, AnnaJorgensen, Marit EJorgensen, TorbenKao, Wen-Hong LKerrison, Nicola DKinnunen, LeenaKlopp, NormanKong, AugustineKovacs, PeterKraft, PeterKravic, JasminaLangford, CordeliaLeander, KarinLiang, LimingLichtner, PeterLindgren, Cecilia MLindholm, EeroLinneberg, AllanLiu, Ching-TiLobbens, StephaneLuan, Jian'anLyssenko, ValeriyaMannisto, SatuMcLeod, OlgaMeyer, JuliaMihailov, EvelinMirza, GhazalaMuhleisen, Thomas WMuller-Nurasyid, MartinaNavarro, CarmenNothen, Markus MOskolkov, Nikolay NOwen, Katharine RPalli, DomenicoPechlivanis, SonaliPeltonen, LeenaPerry, John R BPlatou, Carl G PRoden, MichaelRuderfer, DouglasRybin, Denisvan der Schouw, Yvonne TSennblad, BengtSigurethsson, GunnarStancakova, AlenaSteinbach, GeraldStorm, PetterStrauch, KonstantinStringham, Heather MSun, QiThorand, BarbaraTikkanen, EmmiTonjes, AnkeTrakalo, JosephTremoli, ElenaTuomi, TiinamaijaWennauer, RomanWiltshire, StevenWood, Andrew RZeggini, EleftheriaDunham, IanBirney, EwanPasquali, LorenzoFerrer, JorgeLoos, Ruth J FDupuis, JoseeFlorez, Jose CBoerwinkle, EricPankow, James Svan Duijn, CorneliaSijbrands, EricMeigs, James BHu, Frank BThorsteinsdottir, UnnurStefansson, KariLakka, Timo ARauramaa, RainerStumvoll, MichaelPedersen, Nancy LLind, LarsKeinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka MKorpi-Hyovalti, EevaSaaristo, Timo ESaltevo, JuhaKuusisto, JohannaLaakso, MarkkuMetspalu, AndresErbel, RaimundJocke, Karl-HeinzMoebus, SusanneRipatti, SamuliSalomaa, VeikkoIngelsson, ErikBoehm, Bernhard OBergman, Richard NCollins, Francis SMohlke, Karen LKoistinen, HeikkiTuomilehto, JaakkoHveem, KristianNjolstad, IngerDeloukas, PanagiotisDonnelly, Peter JFrayling, Timothy MHattersley, Andrew Tde Faire, UlfHamsten, AndersIllig, ThomasPeters, AnnetteCauchi, StephaneSladek, RobFroguel, PhilippeHansen, TorbenPedersen, OlufMorris, Andrew DPalmer, Collin N AKathiresan, SekarMelander, OlleNilsson, Peter MGroop, Leif CBarroso, InesLangenberg, ClaudiaWareham, Nicholas JO'Callaghan, Christopher AGloyn, Anna LAltshuler, DavidBoehnke, MichaelTeslovich, Tanya MMcCarthy, Mark IMorris, Andrew P(DIAGRAM)eng098395/Wellcome Trust/United KingdomHHSN268201100005C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100006C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100007C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100008C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100009C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100010C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100011C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/HHSN268201100012C/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/K24 DK080140/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/N01 HC025195/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS/N01 HG065403/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/N02 HL64278/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/R01 AG010175/AG/NIA NIH HHS/R01 DK062370/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 DK072193/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 DK073490/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 DK078616/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 DK098032/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/R01 HL059367/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/R01 HL086694/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/R01 HL087641/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/U01 DK085526/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/U01 DK085545/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS/U01 HG004399/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/U01 HG004402/HG/NHGRI NIH HHS/UL1 RR025005/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/Z01 HG000024-13/Intramural NIH HHS/2015/11/10 06:00Nat Genet. 2015 Dec;47(12):1415-25. doi: 10.1038/ng.3437. Epub 2015 Nov 9. Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Gaulton2015 Serial 1810  
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Author Graff, M.; Scott, R.A.; Justice, A.E.; Young, K.L.; Feitosa, M.F.; Barata, L.; Winkler, T.W.; Chu, A.Y.; Mahajan, A.; Hadley, D.; Xue, L.; Workalemahu, T.; Heard-Costa, N.L.; den Hoed, M.; Ahluwalia, T.S.; Qi, Q.; Ngwa, J.S.; Renstrom, F.; Quaye, L.; Eicher, J.D.; Hayes, J.E.; Cornelis, M.; Kutalik, Z.; Lim, E.; Luan, J.'an; Huffman, J.E.; Zhang, W.; Zhao, W.; Griffin, P.J.; Haller, T.; Ahmad, S.; Marques-Vidal, P.M.; Bien, S.; Yengo, L.; Teumer, A.; Smith, A.V.; Kumari, M.; Harder, M.N.; Justesen, J.M.; Kleber, M.E.; Hollensted, M.; Lohman, K.; Rivera, N.V.; Whitfield, J.B.; Zhao, J.H.; Stringham, H.M.; Lyytikainen, L.-P.; Huppertz, C.; Willemsen, G.; Peyrot, W.J.; Wu, Y.; Kristiansson, K.; Demirkan, A.; Fornage, M.; Hassinen, M.; Bielak, L.F.; Cadby, G.; Tanaka, T.; Magi, R.; van der Most, P.J.; Jackson, A.U.; Bragg-Gresham, J.L.; Vitart, V.; Marten, J.; Navarro, P.; Bellis, C.; Pasko, D.; Johansson, A.; Snitker, S.; Cheng, Y.-C.; Eriksson, J.; Lim, U.; Aadahl, M.; Adair, L.S.; Amin, N.; Balkau, B.; Auvinen, J.; Beilby, J.; Bergman, R.N.; Bergmann, S.; Bertoni, A.G.; Blangero, J.; Bonnefond, A.; Bonnycastle, L.L.; Borja, J.B.; Brage, S.; Busonero, F.; Buyske, S.; Campbell, H.; Chines, P.S.; Collins, F.S.; Corre, T.; Smith, G.D.; Delgado, G.E.; Dueker, N.; Dorr, M.; Ebeling, T.; Eiriksdottir, G.; Esko, T.; Faul, J.D.; Fu, M.; Faerch, K.; Gieger, C.; Glaser, S.; Gong, J.; Gordon-Larsen, P.; Grallert, H.; Grammer, T.B.; Grarup, N.; van Grootheest, G.; Harald, K.; Hastie, N.D.; Havulinna, A.S.; Hernandez, D.; Hindorff, L.; Hocking, L.J.; Holmens, O.L.; Holzapfel, C.; Hottenga, J.J.; Huang, J.; Huang, T.; Hui, J.; Huth, C.; Hutri-Kahonen, N.; James, A.L.; Jansson, J.-O.; Jhun, M.A.; Juonala, M.; Kinnunen, L.; Koistinen, H.A.; Kolcic, I.; Komulainen, P.; Kuusisto, J.; Kvaloy, K.; Kahonen, M.; Lakka, T.A.; Launer, L.J.; Lehne, B.; Lindgren, C.M.; Lorentzon, M.; Luben, R.; Marre, M.; Milaneschi, Y.; Monda, K.L.; Montgomery, G.W.; De Moor, M.H.M.; Mulas, A.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Musk, A.W.; Mannikko, R.; Mannisto, S.; Narisu, N.; Nauck, M.; Nettleton, J.A.; Nolte, I.M.; Oldehinkel, A.J.; Olden, M.; Ong, K.K.; Padmanabhan, S.; Paternoster, L.; Perez, J.; Perola, M.; Peters, A.; Peters, U.; Peyser, P.A.; Prokopenko, I.; Puolijoki, H.; Raitakari, O.T.; Rankinen, T.; Rasmussen-Torvik, L.J.; Rawal, R.; Ridker, P.M.; Rose, L.M.; Rudan, I.; Sarti, C.; Sarzynski, M.A.; Savonen, K.; Scott, W.R.; Sanna, S.; Shuldiner, A.R.; Sidney, S.; Silbernagel, G.; Smith, B.H.; Smith, J.A.; Snieder, H.; Stancakova, A.; Sternfeld, B.; Swift, A.J.; Tammelin, T.; Tan, S.-T.; Thorand, B.; Thuillier, D.; Vandenput, L.; Vestergaard, H.; van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, J.V.; Vohl, M.-C.; Volker, U.; Waeber, G.; Walker, M.; Wild, S.; Wong, A.; Wright, A.F.; Zillikens, M.C.; Zubair, N.; Haiman, C.A.; Lemarchand, L.; Gyllensten, U.; Ohlsson, C.; Hofman, A.; Rivadeneira, F.; Uitterlinden, A.G.; Perusse, L.; Wilson, J.F.; Hayward, C.; Polasek, O.; Cucca, F.; Hveem, K.; Hartman, C.A.; Tonjes, A.; Bandinelli, S.; Palmer, L.J.; Kardia, S.L.R.; Rauramaa, R.; Sorensen, T.I.A.; Tuomilehto, J.; Salomaa, V.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.; de Geus, E.J.C.; Boomsma, D.I.; Lehtimaki, T.; Mangino, M.; Laakso, M.; Bouchard, C.; Martin, N.G.; Kuh, D.; Liu, Y.; Linneberg, A.; Marz, W.; Strauch, K.; Kivimaki, M.; Harris, T.B.; Gudnason, V.; Volzke, H.; Qi, L.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Chambers, J.C.; Kooner, J.S.; Froguel, P.; Kooperberg, C.; Vollenweider, P.; Hallmans, G.; Hansen, T.; Pedersen, O.; Metspalu, A.; Wareham, N.J.; Langenberg, C.; Weir, D.R.; Porteous, D.J.; Boerwinkle, E.; Chasman, D.I.; Abecasis, G.R.; Barroso, I.; McCarthy, M.I.; Frayling, T.M.; O'Connell, J.R.; van Duijn, C.M.; Boehnke, M.; Heid, I.M.; Mohlke, K.L.; Strachan, D.P.; Fox, C.S.; Liu, C.-T.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Klein, R.J.; Johnson, A.D.; Borecki, I.B.; Franks, P.W.; North, K.E.; Cupples, L.A.; Loos, R.J.F.; Kilpelainen, T.O. url  doi
  Title Genome-wide physical activity interactions in adiposity – A meta-analysis of 200,452 adults Type Meta-Analysis
  Year 2017 Publication PLoS Genetics Abbreviated Journal PLoS Genet  
  Volume 13 Issue 4 Pages e1006528  
  Keywords Adiposity/*genetics/physiology; Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/*genetics; Body Mass Index; Epigenomics; *Exercise; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genome-Wide Association Study; Genotype; Humans; Male; Obesity/*genetics/physiopathology; Waist Circumference; Waist-Hip Ratio  
  Abstract Physical activity (PA) may modify the genetic effects that give rise to increased risk of obesity. To identify adiposity loci whose effects are modified by PA, we performed genome-wide interaction meta-analyses of BMI and BMI-adjusted waist circumference and waist-hip ratio from up to 200,452 adults of European (n = 180,423) or other ancestry (n = 20,029). We standardized PA by categorizing it into a dichotomous variable where, on average, 23% of participants were categorized as inactive and 77% as physically active. While we replicate the interaction with PA for the strongest known obesity-risk locus in the FTO gene, of which the effect is attenuated by ~30% in physically active individuals compared to inactive individuals, we do not identify additional loci that are sensitive to PA. In additional genome-wide meta-analyses adjusting for PA and interaction with PA, we identify 11 novel adiposity loci, suggesting that accounting for PA or other environmental factors that contribute to variation in adiposity may facilitate gene discovery.  
  Address The Department of Preventive Medicine, The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, United States of America  
  Corporate Author PAGE Consortium Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1553-7390 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:28448500; PMCID:PMC5407576 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1909  
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Author Hung, R.J.; McKay, J.D.; Gaborieau, V.; Boffetta, P.; Hashibe, M.; Zaridze, D.; Mukeria, A.; Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N.; Lissowska, J.; Rudnai, P.; Fabianova, E.; Mates, D.; Bencko, V.; Foretova, L.; Janout, V.; Chen, C.; Goodman, G.; Field, J.K.; Liloglou, T.; Xinarianos, G.; Cassidy, A.; McLaughlin, J.; Liu, G.; Narod, S.; Krokan, H.E.; Skorpen, F.; Elvestad, M.B.; Hveem, K.; Vatten, L.; Linseisen, J.; Clavel-Chapelon, F.; Vineis, P.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H.B.; Lund, E.; Martinez, C.; Bingham, S.; Rasmuson, T.; Hainaut, P.; Riboli, E.; Ahrens, W.; Benhamou, S.; Lagiou, P.; Trichopoulos, D.; Holcatova, I.; Merletti, F.; Kjaerheim, K.; Agudo, A.; Macfarlane, G.; Talamini, R.; Simonato, L.; Lowry, R.; Conway, D.I.; Znaor, A.; Healy, C.; Zelenika, D.; Boland, A.; Delepine, M.; Foglio, M.; Lechner, D.; Matsuda, F.; Blanche, H.; Gut, I.; Heath, S.; Lathrop, M.; Brennan, P. url  doi
  Title A susceptibility locus for lung cancer maps to nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit genes on 15q25 Type Journal Article
  Year 2008 Publication Nature Abbreviated Journal Nature  
  Volume 452 Issue 7187 Pages 633-637  
  Keywords HUNT2; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15/*genetics; Europe; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/*genetics; Genotype; Humans; Lung Neoplasms/*genetics; Odds Ratio; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics; Protein Subunits/*genetics; Receptors, Nicotinic/*genetics  
  Abstract Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with over one million cases annually. To identify genetic factors that modify disease risk, we conducted a genome-wide association study by analysing 317,139 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 1,989 lung cancer cases and 2,625 controls from six central European countries. We identified a locus in chromosome region 15q25 that was strongly associated with lung cancer (P = 9 x 10(-10)). This locus was replicated in five separate lung cancer studies comprising an additional 2,513 lung cancer cases and 4,752 controls (P = 5 x 10(-20) overall), and it was found to account for 14% (attributable risk) of lung cancer cases. Statistically similar risks were observed irrespective of smoking status or propensity to smoke tobacco. The association region contains several genes, including three that encode nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits (CHRNA5, CHRNA3 and CHRNB4). Such subunits are expressed in neurons and other tissues, in particular alveolar epithelial cells, pulmonary neuroendocrine cells and lung cancer cell lines, and they bind to N'-nitrosonornicotine and potential lung carcinogens. A non-synonymous variant of CHRNA5 that induces an amino acid substitution (D398N) at a highly conserved site in the second intracellular loop of the protein is among the markers with the strongest disease associations. Our results provide compelling evidence of a locus at 15q25 predisposing to lung cancer, and reinforce interest in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors as potential disease candidates and chemopreventative targets.  
  Address International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon 69008, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0028-0836 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:18385738 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1678  
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Author Johnson, M.P.; Brennecke, S.P.; East, C.E.; Dyer, T.D.; Roten, L.T.; Proffitt, J.M.; Melton, P.E.; Fenstad, M.H.; Aalto-Viljakainen, T.; Makikallio, K.; Heinonen, S.; Kajantie, E.; Kere, J.; Laivuori, H.; Austgulen, R.; Blangero, J.; Moses, E.K. url  doi
  Title Genetic dissection of the pre-eclampsia susceptibility locus on chromosome 2q22 reveals shared novel risk factors for cardiovascular disease Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Molecular Human Reproduction Abbreviated Journal Mol Hum Reprod  
  Volume 19 Issue 7 Pages 423-437  
  Keywords Australia; Cardiovascular Diseases/*genetics; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2/*genetics; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics; Genotype; Humans; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics; Pre-Eclampsia/*genetics; Pregnancy; Risk Factors; 2q22; cardiovascular disease risk trait; genetic association; pleiotropy; pre-eclampsia  
  Abstract Pre-eclampsia is an idiopathic pregnancy disorder promoting morbidity and mortality to both mother and child. Delivery of the fetus is the only means to resolve severe symptoms. Women with pre-eclamptic pregnancies demonstrate increased risk for later life cardiovascular disease (CVD) and good evidence suggests these two syndromes share several risk factors and pathophysiological mechanisms. To elucidate the genetic architecture of pre-eclampsia we have dissected our chromosome 2q22 susceptibility locus in an extended Australian and New Zealand familial cohort. Positional candidate genes were prioritized for exon-centric sequencing using bioinformatics, SNPing, transcriptional profiling and QTL-walking. In total, we interrogated 1598 variants from 52 genes. Four independent SNP associations satisfied our gene-centric multiple testing correction criteria: a missense LCT SNP (rs2322659, P = 0.0027), a synonymous LRP1B SNP (rs35821928, P = 0.0001), an UTR-3 RND3 SNP (rs115015150, P = 0.0024) and a missense GCA SNP (rs17783344, P = 0.0020). We replicated the LCT SNP association (P = 0.02) and observed a borderline association for the GCA SNP (P = 0.07) in an independent Australian case-control population. The LRP1B and RND3 SNP associations were not replicated in this same Australian singleton cohort. Moreover, these four SNP associations could not be replicated in two additional case-control populations from Norway and Finland. These four SNPs, however, exhibit pleiotropic effects with several quantitative CVD-related traits. Our results underscore the genetic complexity of pre-eclampsia and present novel empirical evidence of possible shared genetic mechanisms underlying both pre-eclampsia and other CVD-related risk factors.  
  Address Department of Genetics, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78227, USA  
  Corporate Author FINNPEC Study Group Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1360-9947 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23420841; PMC3690803 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1437  
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Author Johnson, M.P.; Brennecke, S.P.; East, C.E.; Goring, H.H.H.; Kent, J.W.J.; Dyer, T.D.; Said, J.M.; Roten, L.T.; Iversen, A.-C.; Abraham, L.J.; Heinonen, S.; Kajantie, E.; Kere, J.; Kivinen, K.; Pouta, A.; Laivuori, H.; Austgulen, R.; Blangero, J.; Moses, E.K. url  doi
  Title Genome-wide association scan identifies a risk locus for preeclampsia on 2q14, near the inhibin, beta B gene Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 7 Issue 3 Pages e33666  
  Keywords Australia; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2/*genetics; Cohort Studies; Computational Biology; Female; Finland; Gene Expression Regulation; Genetic Loci/*genetics; *Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genome, Human/genetics; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Humans; Inhibin-beta Subunits/*genetics/metabolism; Norway; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics; Pre-Eclampsia/*genetics; Pregnancy; Reproducibility of Results; Risk Factors; Sequence Analysis, DNA  
  Abstract Elucidating the genetic architecture of preeclampsia is a major goal in obstetric medicine. We have performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for preeclampsia in unrelated Australian individuals of Caucasian ancestry using the Illumina OmniExpress-12 BeadChip to successfully genotype 648,175 SNPs in 538 preeclampsia cases and 540 normal pregnancy controls. Two SNP associations (rs7579169, p = 3.58x10(-7), OR = 1.57; rs12711941, p = 4.26x10(-7), OR = 1.56) satisfied our genome-wide significance threshold (modified Bonferroni p<5.11x10(-7)). These SNPs reside in an intergenic region less than 15 kb downstream from the 3' terminus of the Inhibin, beta B (INHBB) gene on 2q14.2. They are in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with each other (r(2) = 0.92), but not (r(2)<0.80) with any other genotyped SNP +/-250 kb. DNA re-sequencing in and around the INHBB structural gene identified an additional 25 variants. Of the 21 variants that we successfully genotyped back in the case-control cohort the most significant association observed was for a third intergenic SNP (rs7576192, p = 1.48x10(-7), OR = 1.59) in strong LD with the two significant GWAS SNPs (r(2)>0.92). We attempted to provide evidence of a putative regulatory role for these SNPs using bioinformatic analyses and found that they all reside within regions of low sequence conservation and/or low complexity, suggesting functional importance is low. We also explored the mRNA expression in decidua of genes +/-500 kb of INHBB and found a nominally significant correlation between a transcript encoded by the EPB41L5 gene, approximately 250 kb centromeric to INHBB, and preeclampsia (p = 0.03). We were unable to replicate the associations shown by the significant GWAS SNPs in case-control cohorts from Norway and Finland, leading us to conclude that it is more likely that these SNPs are in LD with as yet unidentified causal variant(s).  
  Address Department of Genetics, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America  
  Corporate Author FINNPEC Study Group Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1932-6203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22432041; PMC3303857 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1534  
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Author Kelly, M.A.; Rees, S.D.; Hydrie, M.Z.I.; Shera, A.S.; Bellary, S.; O'Hare, J.P.; Kumar, S.; Taheri, S.; Basit, A.; Barnett, A.H. url  doi
  Title Circadian gene variants and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes: a pilot study Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 7 Issue 4 Pages e32670  
  Keywords Circadian Rhythm Signaling Peptides and Proteins/*genetics; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/*genetics; Female; Gene Frequency; Genetic Association Studies; *Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genotyping Techniques; Humans; Male; Pilot Projects; *Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Risk Factors  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Disruption of endogenous circadian rhythms has been shown to increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, suggesting that circadian genes might play a role in determining disease susceptibility. We present the results of a pilot study investigating the association between type 2 diabetes and selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in/near nine circadian genes. The variants were chosen based on their previously reported association with prostate cancer, a disease that has been suggested to have a genetic link with type 2 diabetes through a number of shared inherited risk determinants. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The pilot study was performed using two genetically homogeneous Punjabi cohorts, one resident in the United Kingdom and one indigenous to Pakistan. Subjects with (N = 1732) and without (N = 1780) type 2 diabetes were genotyped for thirteen circadian variants using a competitive allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method. Associations between the SNPs and type 2 diabetes were investigated using logistic regression. The results were also combined with in silico data from other South Asian datasets (SAT2D consortium) and white European cohorts (DIAGRAM+) using meta-analysis. The rs7602358G allele near PER2 was negatively associated with type 2 diabetes in our Punjabi cohorts (combined odds ratio [OR] = 0.75 [0.66-0.86], p = 3.18 x 10(-5)), while the BMAL1 rs11022775T allele was associated with an increased risk of the disease (combined OR = 1.22 [1.07-1.39], p = 0.003). Neither of these associations was replicated in the SAT2D or DIAGRAM+ datasets, however. Meta-analysis of all the cohorts identified disease associations with two variants, rs2292912 in CRY2 and rs12315175 near CRY1, although statistical significance was nominal (combined OR = 1.05 [1.01-1.08], p = 0.008 and OR = 0.95 [0.91-0.99], p = 0.015 respectively). CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: None of the selected circadian gene variants was associated with type 2 diabetes with study-wide significance after meta-analysis. The nominal association observed with the CRY2 SNP, however, complements previous findings and confirms a role for this locus in disease susceptibility.  
  Address College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. m.a.kelly@bham.ac.uk  
  Corporate Author SAT2D Consortium Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1932-6203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22485135; PMC3317653 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1536  
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Author Kvehaugen, A.S.; Melien, O.; Holmen, O.L.; Laivuori, H.; Dechend, R.; Staff, A.C. url  doi
  Title Hypertension after preeclampsia and relation to the C1114G polymorphism (rs4606) in RGS2: data from the Norwegian HUNT2 study Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication BMC Medical Genetics Abbreviated Journal BMC Med Genet  
  Volume 15 Issue Pages 28  
  Keywords Adult; Case-Control Studies; Exercise; Female; Genetic Association Studies; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Genotype; Humans; Hypertension/epidemiology/*genetics; Norway; *Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology/*genetics; Pregnancy; Prevalence; RGS Proteins/*genetics; Risk Factors; HUNT2  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is associated with an increased risk of hypertension later in life. The regulator of G protein signaling 2 negatively regulates several vasoconstrictors. We recently demonstrated an association between preeclampsia and the CG or GG genotype of the C1114G polymorphism (rs4606) of the regulator of G protein signaling 2 gene. Here, we examined the polymorphism with respect to the development of hypertension after pregnancy. METHODS: We genotyped 934 women on average 15.1 years after preeclampsia and 2011 age matched women with previous normotensive pregnancy. All women in this study were retrospectively recruited from the Nord-Trondelag Health Study (HUNT2). Information from HUNT2 was linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway to identify women with a history of preeclampsia and women without a history of preeclampsia. RESULTS: No significant association was found between hypertension (blood pressure >/=140/90 mmHg and/or taking antihypertensive drugs) and the polymorphism in crude analysis (OR (95% CI): CG genotype: 1.07 (0.90-1.27); GG genotype: 1.23 (0.90-1.67)). However, in a minimally adjusted model (age and BMI adjusted), a significant association between the GG genotype and hypertension was found (OR (95% CI): 1.49 (1.05-2.11)). This association remained significant also after adjustment for a history of preeclampsia (OR (95% CI): 1.46 (1.02-2.09)), but not in a model adjusted for multiple other variables (OR (95% CI): 1.26 (0.82-1.94)). In multivariate, but not in crude, analysis, the GG genotype of rs4606 (OR (95% CI): 1.93 (1.05-3.53)) was significantly and independently associated with severe hypertension later in life, defined as systolic blood pressure >/=160 mmHg (stage 2 hypertension) and/or taking antihypertensive drugs. A significant association was also found for the merged CG and GG genotypes (OR (95% CI): 1.43 (1.02-2.00)). Moreover, an interaction with physical activity was found. A history of preeclampsia was a significant and independent predictor of either definition of hypertension, both in crude and adjusted analyses. CONCLUSION: Women carrying the rs4606 CG or GG genotype are at elevated risk for developing hypertension after delivery. Physical activity may interact with the association. Preeclampsia remains an independent risk factor for subsequent hypertension after adjusting for this polymorphism and classical CVD risk factors.  
  Address From the Department of Obstetrics and Department of Gynecology, Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Oslo, Norway and Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. UXNNAF@ous-hf.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1471-2350 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:24593135; PMC3973870 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1624  
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Author Kvehaugen, A.S.; Melien, O.; Holmen, O.L.; Laivuori, H.; Oian, P.; Andersgaard, A.B.; Dechend, R.; Staff, A.C. url  doi
  Title Single nucleotide polymorphisms in G protein signaling pathway genes in preeclampsia Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Hypertension Abbreviated Journal Hypertension  
  Volume 61 Issue 3 Pages 655-661  
  Keywords Adult; Atherosclerosis/epidemiology/genetics; Biological Specimen Banks/statistics & numerical data; European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics/statistics & numerical data; Female; Gene Frequency; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/epidemiology; Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins/*genetics; Humans; Norway/epidemiology; Polymorphism, Genetic; *Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology/*genetics; Pregnancy; Prevalence; RGS Proteins/*genetics; Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1/genetics; Signal Transduction/*genetics; Young Adult  
  Abstract Preeclampsia is a pregnancy specific disorder and a risk factor for later cardiovascular disease. The cause and detailed pathophysiology remains unknown. G protein signaling is involved in a variety of physiological processes, including blood pressure regulation. We assessed whether distributions of 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes coding for components of G protein signaling pathways that have been associated with hypertension differ between women with preeclampsia and normotensive pregnant women; the G protein beta3 subunit gene (GNB3) C825T polymorphism (rs5443), the angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene (AGTR1) 3'UTR A1166C polymorphism (rs5186), and the regulator of G protein signaling 2 gene (RGS2) 3'UTR C1114G polymorphism (rs4606). Two separate Norwegian study populations were used; a large population based study and a smaller, but clinically well-described pregnancy biobank. A descriptive study of 43 women with eclampsia was additionally included. In the population-based study, an increased odds of preeclampsia (odds ratio, 1.21; [95% confidence interval, 1.05-1.40]; P=0.009) and recurrent preeclampsia (odds ratio, 1.43; [95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.92];, P=0.017) was found in women carrying the rs4606 CG or GG genotype. In early-onset preeclamptic patients with decidual spiral artery biopsies available (n=24), the rs4606 CG or GG genotype was more frequent in those with acute atherosis (resembling early stage of atherosclerosis) compared with those without: odds ratio, 15.0; (95% confidence interval, 2.02-111.2); P=0.004. No association was found between preeclampsia and the rs5443 or the rs5186. The genotype distribution in eclamptic women was not different from preeclamptic women. In conclusion, RGS2 rs4606 may affect the risk and progression of preeclampsia.  
  Address Department of Obstetrics, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0194-911X ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23339167 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1432  
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Author Kvestad, E.; Czajkowski, N.; Krog, N.H.; Engdahl, B.; Tambs, K. url  doi
  Title Heritability of hearing loss Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) Abbreviated Journal Epidemiology  
  Volume 23 Issue 2 Pages 328-331  
  Keywords Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Audiometry; Auditory Threshold; Female; Gene-Environment Interaction; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/epidemiology; Hearing Loss/epidemiology/etiology/*genetics; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Norway/epidemiology; Sex Factors; Young Adult  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Hearing impairment is one of the most common permanent disabilities in the western world. Although hearing ability normally declines with age, there is great individual variation in age of onset, progression, and severity, indicating that individual susceptibility plays a role. The aim of the present study was to explore the relative importance of genetic and environmental effects in the etiology of impaired hearing. METHODS: From August 1995 to June 1997, the total adult population of Nord-Trondelag County, Norway, was invited to take part in the Nord-Trondelag Health Study. The survey included as an integrated project the Nord-Trondelag Hearing Loss Study with pure-tone audiometry assessment of the standard frequencies 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 kHz on 51,574 participants aged 20 to 101 years. We obtained information from Statistics Norway identifying 11,263 sibling pairs. After age stratification, we assessed similarity in hearing thresholds between siblings using polychoric correlations. The contribution of genetic effects in hearing ability was calculated. RESULTS: The upper limit of the heritability of hearing loss was 0.36. We found little evidence for sex differences in the relative importance of genetic effects. CONCLUSIONS: There is a substantial genetic contribution to individual variation in hearing thresholds.  
  Address Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. ellen.kvestad@fhi.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1044-3983 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22249243 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1538  
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Author Liu, D.J.; Peloso, G.M.; Yu, H.; Butterworth, A.S.; Wang, X.; Mahajan, A.; Saleheen, D.; Emdin, C.; Alam, D.; Alves, A.C.; Amouyel, P.; Di Angelantonio, E.; Arveiler, D.; Assimes, T.L.; Auer, P.L.; Baber, U.; Ballantyne, C.M.; Bang, L.E.; Benn, M.; Bis, J.C.; Boehnke, M.; Boerwinkle, E.; Bork-Jensen, J.; Bottinger, E.P.; Brandslund, I.; Brown, M.; Busonero, F.; Caulfield, M.J.; Chambers, J.C.; Chasman, D.I.; Chen, Y.E.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Chowdhury, R.; Christensen, C.; Chu, A.Y.; Connell, J.M.; Cucca, F.; Cupples, L.A.; Damrauer, S.M.; Davies, G.; Deary, I.J.; Dedoussis, G.; Denny, J.C.; Dominiczak, A.; Dube, M.-P.; Ebeling, T.; Eiriksdottir, G.; Esko, T.; Farmaki, A.-E.; Feitosa, M.F.; Ferrario, M.; Ferrieres, J.; Ford, I.; Fornage, M.; Franks, P.W.; Frayling, T.M.; Frikke-Schmidt, R.; Fritsche, L.G.; Frossard, P.; Fuster, V.; Ganesh, S.K.; Gao, W.; Garcia, M.E.; Gieger, C.; Giulianini, F.; Goodarzi, M.O.; Grallert, H.; Grarup, N.; Groop, L.; Grove, M.L.; Gudnason, V.; Hansen, T.; Harris, T.B.; Hayward, C.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Holmen, O.L.; Huffman, J.; Huo, Y.; Hveem, K.; Jabeen, S.; Jackson, A.U.; Jakobsdottir, J.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Jensen, G.B.; Jorgensen, M.E.; Jukema, J.W.; Justesen, J.M.; Kamstrup, P.R.; Kanoni, S.; Karpe, F.; Kee, F.; Khera, A.V.; Klarin, D.; Koistinen, H.A.; Kooner, J.S.; Kooperberg, C.; Kuulasmaa, K.; Kuusisto, J.; Laakso, M.; Lakka, T.; Langenberg, C.; Langsted, A.; Launer, L.J.; Lauritzen, T.; Liewald, D.C.M.; Lin, L.A.; Linneberg, A.; Loos, R.J.F.; Lu, Y.; Lu, X.; Magi, R.; Malarstig, A.; Manichaikul, A.; Manning, A.K.; Mantyselka, P.; Marouli, E.; Masca, N.G.D.; Maschio, A.; Meigs, J.B.; Melander, O.; Metspalu, A.; Morris, A.P.; Morrison, A.C.; Mulas, A.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Munroe, P.B.; Neville, M.J.; Nielsen, J.B.; Nielsen, S.F.; Nordestgaard, B.G.; Ordovas, J.M.; Mehran, R.; O'Donnell, C.J.; Orho-Melander, M.; Molony, C.M.; Muntendam, P.; Padmanabhan, S.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Pasko, D.; Patel, A.P.; Pedersen, O.; Perola, M.; Peters, A.; Pisinger, C.; Pistis, G.; Polasek, O.; Poulter, N.; Psaty, B.M.; Rader, D.J.; Rasheed, A.; Rauramaa, R.; Reilly, D.F.; Reiner, A.P.; Renstrom, F.; Rich, S.S.; Ridker, P.M.; Rioux, J.D.; Robertson, N.R.; Roden, D.M.; Rotter, J.I.; Rudan, I.; Salomaa, V.; Samani, N.J.; Sanna, S.; Sattar, N.; Schmidt, E.M.; Scott, R.A.; Sever, P.; Sevilla, R.S.; Shaffer, C.M.; Sim, X.; Sivapalaratnam, S.; Small, K.S.; Smith, A.V.; Smith, B.H.; Somayajula, S.; Southam, L.; Spector, T.D.; Speliotes, E.K.; Starr, J.M.; Stirrups, K.E.; Stitziel, N.; Strauch, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Surendran, P.; Tada, H.; Tall, A.R.; Tang, H.; Tardif, J.-C.; Taylor, K.D.; Trompet, S.; Tsao, P.S.; Tuomilehto, J.; Tybjaerg-Hansen, A.; van Zuydam, N.R.; Varbo, A.; Varga, T.V.; Virtamo, J.; Waldenberger, M.; Wang, N.; Wareham, N.J.; Warren, H.R.; Weeke, P.E.; Weinstock, J.; Wessel, J.; Wilson, J.G.; Wilson, P.W.F.; Xu, M.; Yaghootkar, H.; Young, R.; Zeggini, E.; Zhang, H.; Zheng, N.S.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, Y.; Zhou, W.; Zhou, Y.; Zoledziewska, M.; Howson, J.M.M.; Danesh, J.; McCarthy, M.I.; Cowan, C.A.; Abecasis, G.; Deloukas, P.; Musunuru, K.; Willer, C.J.; Kathiresan, S. url  doi
  Title Exome-wide association study of plasma lipids in >300,000 individuals Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 49 Issue 12 Pages 1758-1766  
  Keywords Coronary Artery Disease/blood/genetics; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood/genetics; Exome/*genetics; Genetic Association Studies/*methods; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics; *Genetic Variation; Genotype; Humans; Lipids/*blood; Macular Degeneration/blood/genetics; Phenotype; Risk Factors  
  Abstract We screened variants on an exome-focused genotyping array in >300,000 participants (replication in >280,000 participants) and identified 444 independent variants in 250 loci significantly associated with total cholesterol (TC), high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and/or triglycerides (TG). At two loci (JAK2 and A1CF), experimental analysis in mice showed lipid changes consistent with the human data. We also found that: (i) beta-thalassemia trait carriers displayed lower TC and were protected from coronary artery disease (CAD); (ii) excluding the CETP locus, there was not a predictable relationship between plasma HDL-C and risk for age-related macular degeneration; (iii) only some mechanisms of lowering LDL-C appeared to increase risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D); and (iv) TG-lowering alleles involved in hepatic production of TG-rich lipoproteins (TM6SF2 and PNPLA3) tracked with higher liver fat, higher risk for T2D, and lower risk for CAD, whereas TG-lowering alleles involved in peripheral lipolysis (LPL and ANGPTL4) had no effect on liver fat but decreased risks for both T2D and CAD.  
  Address Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA  
  Corporate Author VA Million Veteran Program Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1061-4036 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:29083408; PMCID:PMC5709146 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1943  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lu, X.; Peloso, G.M.; Liu, D.J.; Wu, Y.; Zhang, H.; Zhou, W.; Li, J.; Tang, C.S.-M.; Dorajoo, R.; Li, H.; Long, J.; Guo, X.; Xu, M.; Spracklen, C.N.; Chen, Y.; Liu, X.; Zhang, Y.; Khor, C.C.; Liu, J.; Sun, L.; Wang, L.; Gao, Y.-T.; Hu, Y.; Yu, K.; Wang, Y.; Cheung, C.Y.Y.; Wang, F.; Huang, J.; Fan, Q.; Cai, Q.; Chen, S.; Shi, J.; Yang, X.; Zhao, W.; Sheu, W.H.-H.; Cherny, S.S.; He, M.; Feranil, A.B.; Adair, L.S.; Gordon-Larsen, P.; Du, S.; Varma, R.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Shu, X.-O.; Lam, K.S.L.; Wong, T.Y.; Ganesh, S.K.; Mo, Z.; Hveem, K.; Fritsche, L.G.; Nielsen, J.B.; Tse, H.-F.; Huo, Y.; Cheng, C.-Y.; Chen, Y.E.; Zheng, W.; Tai, E.S.; Gao, W.; Lin, X.; Huang, W.; Abecasis, G.; Kathiresan, S.; Mohlke, K.L.; Wu, T.; Sham, P.C.; Gu, D.; Willer, C.J. url  doi
  Title Exome chip meta-analysis identifies novel loci and East Asian-specific coding variants that contribute to lipid levels and coronary artery disease Type Meta-Analysis
  Year 2017 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 49 Issue 12 Pages 1722-1730  
  Keywords Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics; Coronary Artery Disease/ethnology/*genetics; Europe; European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics; Exome/*genetics; Far East; Gene Frequency; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/ethnology/*genetics; *Genetic Variation; Genome-Wide Association Study; Genotype; Humans; Lipid Metabolism/*genetics; Lipids/analysis  
  Abstract Most genome-wide association studies have been of European individuals, even though most genetic variation in humans is seen only in non-European samples. To search for novel loci associated with blood lipid levels and clarify the mechanism of action at previously identified lipid loci, we used an exome array to examine protein-coding genetic variants in 47,532 East Asian individuals. We identified 255 variants at 41 loci that reached chip-wide significance, including 3 novel loci and 14 East Asian-specific coding variant associations. After a meta-analysis including >300,000 European samples, we identified an additional nine novel loci. Sixteen genes were identified by protein-altering variants in both East Asians and Europeans, and thus are likely to be functional genes. Our data demonstrate that most of the low-frequency or rare coding variants associated with lipids are population specific, and that examining genomic data across diverse ancestries may facilitate the identification of functional genes at associated loci.  
  Address Department of Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA  
  Corporate Author GLGC Consortium Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title