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Author Johnson, M.P.; Brennecke, S.P.; East, C.E.; Dyer, T.D.; Roten, L.T.; Proffitt, J.M.; Melton, P.E.; Fenstad, M.H.; Aalto-Viljakainen, T.; Makikallio, K.; Heinonen, S.; Kajantie, E.; Kere, J.; Laivuori, H.; Austgulen, R.; Blangero, J.; Moses, E.K. url  doi
  Title Genetic dissection of the pre-eclampsia susceptibility locus on chromosome 2q22 reveals shared novel risk factors for cardiovascular disease Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Molecular Human Reproduction Abbreviated Journal Mol Hum Reprod  
  Volume 19 Issue 7 Pages 423-437  
  Keywords Australia; Cardiovascular Diseases/*genetics; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2/*genetics; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics; Genotype; Humans; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics; Pre-Eclampsia/*genetics; Pregnancy; Risk Factors; 2q22; cardiovascular disease risk trait; genetic association; pleiotropy; pre-eclampsia  
  Abstract Pre-eclampsia is an idiopathic pregnancy disorder promoting morbidity and mortality to both mother and child. Delivery of the fetus is the only means to resolve severe symptoms. Women with pre-eclamptic pregnancies demonstrate increased risk for later life cardiovascular disease (CVD) and good evidence suggests these two syndromes share several risk factors and pathophysiological mechanisms. To elucidate the genetic architecture of pre-eclampsia we have dissected our chromosome 2q22 susceptibility locus in an extended Australian and New Zealand familial cohort. Positional candidate genes were prioritized for exon-centric sequencing using bioinformatics, SNPing, transcriptional profiling and QTL-walking. In total, we interrogated 1598 variants from 52 genes. Four independent SNP associations satisfied our gene-centric multiple testing correction criteria: a missense LCT SNP (rs2322659, P = 0.0027), a synonymous LRP1B SNP (rs35821928, P = 0.0001), an UTR-3 RND3 SNP (rs115015150, P = 0.0024) and a missense GCA SNP (rs17783344, P = 0.0020). We replicated the LCT SNP association (P = 0.02) and observed a borderline association for the GCA SNP (P = 0.07) in an independent Australian case-control population. The LRP1B and RND3 SNP associations were not replicated in this same Australian singleton cohort. Moreover, these four SNP associations could not be replicated in two additional case-control populations from Norway and Finland. These four SNPs, however, exhibit pleiotropic effects with several quantitative CVD-related traits. Our results underscore the genetic complexity of pre-eclampsia and present novel empirical evidence of possible shared genetic mechanisms underlying both pre-eclampsia and other CVD-related risk factors.  
  Address Department of Genetics, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78227, USA  
  Corporate Author FINNPEC Study Group Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1360-9947 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23420841; PMC3690803 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1437  
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Author Liu, D.J.; Peloso, G.M.; Yu, H.; Butterworth, A.S.; Wang, X.; Mahajan, A.; Saleheen, D.; Emdin, C.; Alam, D.; Alves, A.C.; Amouyel, P.; Di Angelantonio, E.; Arveiler, D.; Assimes, T.L.; Auer, P.L.; Baber, U.; Ballantyne, C.M.; Bang, L.E.; Benn, M.; Bis, J.C.; Boehnke, M.; Boerwinkle, E.; Bork-Jensen, J.; Bottinger, E.P.; Brandslund, I.; Brown, M.; Busonero, F.; Caulfield, M.J.; Chambers, J.C.; Chasman, D.I.; Chen, Y.E.; Chen, Y.-D.I.; Chowdhury, R.; Christensen, C.; Chu, A.Y.; Connell, J.M.; Cucca, F.; Cupples, L.A.; Damrauer, S.M.; Davies, G.; Deary, I.J.; Dedoussis, G.; Denny, J.C.; Dominiczak, A.; Dube, M.-P.; Ebeling, T.; Eiriksdottir, G.; Esko, T.; Farmaki, A.-E.; Feitosa, M.F.; Ferrario, M.; Ferrieres, J.; Ford, I.; Fornage, M.; Franks, P.W.; Frayling, T.M.; Frikke-Schmidt, R.; Fritsche, L.G.; Frossard, P.; Fuster, V.; Ganesh, S.K.; Gao, W.; Garcia, M.E.; Gieger, C.; Giulianini, F.; Goodarzi, M.O.; Grallert, H.; Grarup, N.; Groop, L.; Grove, M.L.; Gudnason, V.; Hansen, T.; Harris, T.B.; Hayward, C.; Hirschhorn, J.N.; Holmen, O.L.; Huffman, J.; Huo, Y.; Hveem, K.; Jabeen, S.; Jackson, A.U.; Jakobsdottir, J.; Jarvelin, M.-R.; Jensen, G.B.; Jorgensen, M.E.; Jukema, J.W.; Justesen, J.M.; Kamstrup, P.R.; Kanoni, S.; Karpe, F.; Kee, F.; Khera, A.V.; Klarin, D.; Koistinen, H.A.; Kooner, J.S.; Kooperberg, C.; Kuulasmaa, K.; Kuusisto, J.; Laakso, M.; Lakka, T.; Langenberg, C.; Langsted, A.; Launer, L.J.; Lauritzen, T.; Liewald, D.C.M.; Lin, L.A.; Linneberg, A.; Loos, R.J.F.; Lu, Y.; Lu, X.; Magi, R.; Malarstig, A.; Manichaikul, A.; Manning, A.K.; Mantyselka, P.; Marouli, E.; Masca, N.G.D.; Maschio, A.; Meigs, J.B.; Melander, O.; Metspalu, A.; Morris, A.P.; Morrison, A.C.; Mulas, A.; Muller-Nurasyid, M.; Munroe, P.B.; Neville, M.J.; Nielsen, J.B.; Nielsen, S.F.; Nordestgaard, B.G.; Ordovas, J.M.; Mehran, R.; O'Donnell, C.J.; Orho-Melander, M.; Molony, C.M.; Muntendam, P.; Padmanabhan, S.; Palmer, C.N.A.; Pasko, D.; Patel, A.P.; Pedersen, O.; Perola, M.; Peters, A.; Pisinger, C.; Pistis, G.; Polasek, O.; Poulter, N.; Psaty, B.M.; Rader, D.J.; Rasheed, A.; Rauramaa, R.; Reilly, D.F.; Reiner, A.P.; Renstrom, F.; Rich, S.S.; Ridker, P.M.; Rioux, J.D.; Robertson, N.R.; Roden, D.M.; Rotter, J.I.; Rudan, I.; Salomaa, V.; Samani, N.J.; Sanna, S.; Sattar, N.; Schmidt, E.M.; Scott, R.A.; Sever, P.; Sevilla, R.S.; Shaffer, C.M.; Sim, X.; Sivapalaratnam, S.; Small, K.S.; Smith, A.V.; Smith, B.H.; Somayajula, S.; Southam, L.; Spector, T.D.; Speliotes, E.K.; Starr, J.M.; Stirrups, K.E.; Stitziel, N.; Strauch, K.; Stringham, H.M.; Surendran, P.; Tada, H.; Tall, A.R.; Tang, H.; Tardif, J.-C.; Taylor, K.D.; Trompet, S.; Tsao, P.S.; Tuomilehto, J.; Tybjaerg-Hansen, A.; van Zuydam, N.R.; Varbo, A.; Varga, T.V.; Virtamo, J.; Waldenberger, M.; Wang, N.; Wareham, N.J.; Warren, H.R.; Weeke, P.E.; Weinstock, J.; Wessel, J.; Wilson, J.G.; Wilson, P.W.F.; Xu, M.; Yaghootkar, H.; Young, R.; Zeggini, E.; Zhang, H.; Zheng, N.S.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, Y.; Zhou, W.; Zhou, Y.; Zoledziewska, M.; Howson, J.M.M.; Danesh, J.; McCarthy, M.I.; Cowan, C.A.; Abecasis, G.; Deloukas, P.; Musunuru, K.; Willer, C.J.; Kathiresan, S. url  doi
  Title Exome-wide association study of plasma lipids in >300,000 individuals Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 49 Issue 12 Pages 1758-1766  
  Keywords Coronary Artery Disease/blood/genetics; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood/genetics; Exome/*genetics; Genetic Association Studies/*methods; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics; *Genetic Variation; Genotype; Humans; Lipids/*blood; Macular Degeneration/blood/genetics; Phenotype; Risk Factors  
  Abstract We screened variants on an exome-focused genotyping array in >300,000 participants (replication in >280,000 participants) and identified 444 independent variants in 250 loci significantly associated with total cholesterol (TC), high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and/or triglycerides (TG). At two loci (JAK2 and A1CF), experimental analysis in mice showed lipid changes consistent with the human data. We also found that: (i) beta-thalassemia trait carriers displayed lower TC and were protected from coronary artery disease (CAD); (ii) excluding the CETP locus, there was not a predictable relationship between plasma HDL-C and risk for age-related macular degeneration; (iii) only some mechanisms of lowering LDL-C appeared to increase risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D); and (iv) TG-lowering alleles involved in hepatic production of TG-rich lipoproteins (TM6SF2 and PNPLA3) tracked with higher liver fat, higher risk for T2D, and lower risk for CAD, whereas TG-lowering alleles involved in peripheral lipolysis (LPL and ANGPTL4) had no effect on liver fat but decreased risks for both T2D and CAD.  
  Address Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA  
  Corporate Author VA Million Veteran Program Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1061-4036 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:29083408; PMCID:PMC5709146 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1943  
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Author Purdue, M.P.; Johansson, M.; Zelenika, D.; Toro, J.R.; Scelo, G.; Moore, L.E.; Prokhortchouk, E.; Wu, X.; Kiemeney, L.A.; Gaborieau, V.; Jacobs, K.B.; Chow, W.-H.; Zaridze, D.; Matveev, V.; Lubinski, J.; Trubicka, J.; Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N.; Lissowska, J.; Rudnai, P.; Fabianova, E.; Bucur, A.; Bencko, V.; Foretova, L.; Janout, V.; Boffetta, P.; Colt, J.S.; Davis, F.G.; Schwartz, K.L.; Banks, R.E.; Selby, P.J.; Harnden, P.; Berg, C.D.; Hsing, A.W.; Grubb, R.L. 3rd; Boeing, H.; Vineis, P.; Clavel-Chapelon, F.; Palli, D.; Tumino, R.; Krogh, V.; Panico, S.; Duell, E.J.; Quiros, J.R.; Sanchez, M.-J.; Navarro, C.; Ardanaz, E.; Dorronsoro, M.; Khaw, K.-T.; Allen, N.E.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H.B.; Peeters, P.H.M.; Trichopoulos, D.; Linseisen, J.; Ljungberg, B.; Overvad, K.; Tjonneland, A.; Romieu, I.; Riboli, E.; Mukeria, A.; Shangina, O.; Stevens, V.L.; Thun, M.J.; Diver, W.R.; Gapstur, S.M.; Pharoah, P.D.; Easton, D.F.; Albanes, D.; Weinstein, S.J.; Virtamo, J.; Vatten, L.; Hveem, K.; Njolstad, I.; Tell, G.S.; Stoltenberg, C.; Kumar, R.; Koppova, K.; Cussenot, O.; Benhamou, S.; Oosterwijk, E.; Vermeulen, S.H.; Aben, K.K.H.; van der Marel, S.L.; Ye, Y.; Wood, C.G.; Pu, X.; Mazur, A.M.; Boulygina, E.S.; Chekanov, N.N.; Foglio, M.; Lechner, D.; Gut, I.; Heath, S.; Blanche, H.; Hutchinson, A.; Thomas, G.; Wang, Z.; Yeager, M.; Fraumeni, J.F.J.; Skryabin, K.G.; McKay, J.D.; Rothman, N.; Chanock, S.J.; Lathrop, M.; Brennan, P. url  doi
  Title Genome-wide association study of renal cell carcinoma identifies two susceptibility loci on 2p21 and 11q13.3 Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Nature Genetics Abbreviated Journal Nat Genet  
  Volume 43 Issue 1 Pages 60-65  
  Keywords HUNT2; Carcinoma, Renal Cell/*genetics; Case-Control Studies; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11/*genetics; Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2/*genetics; *Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics; Genome, Human; *Genome-Wide Association Study; Humans; Kidney Neoplasms/*genetics; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Risk Factors  
  Abstract We conducted a two-stage genome-wide association study of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in 3,772 affected individuals (cases) and 8,505 controls of European background from 11 studies and followed up 6 SNPs in 3 replication studies of 2,198 cases and 4,918 controls. Two loci on the regions of 2p21 and 11q13.3 were associated with RCC susceptibility below genome-wide significance. Two correlated variants (r(2) = 0.99 in controls), rs11894252 (P = 1.8 x 10(-)(8)) and rs7579899 (P = 2.3 x 10(-)(9)), map to EPAS1 on 2p21, which encodes hypoxia-inducible-factor-2 alpha, a transcription factor previously implicated in RCC. The second locus, rs7105934, at 11q13.3, contains no characterized genes (P = 7.8 x 10(-)(1)(4)). In addition, we observed a promising association on 12q24.31 for rs4765623, which maps to SCARB1, the scavenger receptor class B, member 1 gene (P = 2.6 x 10(-)(8)). Our study reports previously unidentified genomic regions associated with RCC risk that may lead to new etiological insights.  
  Address Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Department Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1061-4036 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:21131975; PMC3049257 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1697  
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Author Vengen, I.T.; Madsen, H.O.; Garred, P.; Platou, C.; Vatten, L.; Videm, V. url  doi
  Title Mannose-binding lectin deficiency is associated with myocardial infarction: the HUNT2 study in Norway Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication PloS one Abbreviated Journal PLoS One  
  Volume 7 Issue 7 Pages e42113  
  Keywords Adult; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics; Haplotypes/genetics; Humans; Logistic Models; Mannose-Binding Lectin/blood/*deficiency/*genetics; Middle Aged; Myocardial Infarction/blood/complications/*epidemiology/*genetics; Norway/epidemiology; Plaque, Atherosclerotic/complications/genetics; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and ficolins activate the complement cascade, which is involved in atherogenesis. Based on a pilot study, we hypothesized that functional polymorphisms in the MBL gene (MBL2) leading to dysfunctional protein are related to development of myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of the present study was to study polymorphisms in MBL2 and ficolin genes in relation to the risk of MI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the population-based HUNT Study in Norway, 57,133 persons were followed up for a first-time MI from 1995-1997 until the end of 2008. The 370 youngest MI patients were matched by age (range 29-62 years) and gender to 370 controls. A younger population was selected because disease in this group might be less dependent on non-genetic risk factors. The study size was based on power calculation. Polymorphisms in MBL2 and in the genes of ficolin-1, ficolin-2 and ficolin-3 were genotyped by pyrosequencing and related to the risk of MI, estimated as odds ratios (OR). Functional haplotypes were analyzed and stringent alpha levels of significance were set by permutation testing. Variant MBL2 haplotypes causing MBL deficiency were associated with a two-fold higher risk of MI (OR 2.04, 95%CI 1.29-3.24). Adjustments for conventional cardiovascular risk factors did not substantially influence the association. The ficolins were not associated with MI risk. CONCLUSION: In a young to middle aged and relatively healthy Caucasian population, MBL2 variants related to functional MBL deficiency were associated with a doubling of the risk for MI, independent of conventional risk factors. This supports that MBL deficiency may lead to increased atherosclerosis or development of vulnerable plaques.  
  Address Department of Laboratory Medicine, Children's and Women's Health, Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Trondheim, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1932-6203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22848725; PMC3407165 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1583  
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