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Author Stover, M.; Pape, K.; Johnsen, R.; Fleten, N.; Sund, E.R.; Ose, S.O.; Bjorngaard, J.H. url  doi
  Title Work environment and disability pension-- an 18-year follow-up study in a Norwegian working population Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Scandinavian Journal of Public Health Abbreviated Journal Scand J Public Health  
  Volume 41 Issue 6 Pages 587-596  
  Keywords Adult; Disabled Persons/*statistics & numerical data; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Male; Norway; Questionnaires; Risk Factors; *Social Environment; Socioeconomic Factors; *Workplace; Occupational Health; epidemiology; work disability; work environment; work exposures  
  Abstract AIMS: To investigate the associations between work environment indicators and health- related work disability. METHODS: A health survey of 5,749 working 40-42-year-old Norwegians from Nordland County were linked to a national register for disability pension during a follow-up of over 18 years. The risk for disability pension following various self-reported physical and psychosocial work environmental exposures (individual and cumulative) were estimated using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Both cumulative physical and psychosocial work environmental exposures were associated with an increased risk for disability pension, although this association was attenuated for most variables after adjusting for health and education. An increase in five poor psychosocial work environmental exposures was associated with a 22% increased risk for disability (adjusted hazard ratio, aHR, 1.22, 95% CI 1.04-1.44), whereas a similar increase in five poor physical work environmental exposures was associated with a 29% increased risk (aHR, 1.29, 95% CI 1.16-1.44). There were no indications of statistical interaction between either sex or education and work exposures. CONCLUSIONS: People who report a poor work environment are at a higher risk for subsequent work disability. This finding suggests that improving working conditions may be an area of intervention in order to reduce the number of people who leave the labour market with a disability pension.  
  Address Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1403-4948 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23686367 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1396  
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