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Author (up) Mork, P.J.; Vik, K.L.; Moe, B.; Lier, R.; Bardal, E.M.; Nilsen, T.I.L.
Title Sleep problems, exercise and obesity and risk of chronic musculoskeletal pain: The Norwegian HUNT study Type Journal Article
Year 2013 Publication European Journal of Public Health Abbreviated Journal Eur J Public Health
Volume Issue Pages
Abstract BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the association between self-reported sleep problems and risk of chronic pain in the low back and neck/shoulders, and whether physical exercise and body mass index (BMI) alter this association. METHODS: The study comprised data on 26 896 women and men in the Nord-Trondelag Health Study (Norway) without chronic pain or physical impairment at baseline in 1984-86. Occurrence of chronic pain was assessed at follow-up in 1995-97. A generalized linear model was used to calculate adjusted risk ratios. RESULTS: Sleep problems were dose-dependently associated with risk of pain in the low back and neck/shoulders in both women and men (P < 0.001 both genders). Women and men who reported sleep problems 'sometimes' and 'often/always' had a higher risk of chronic pain of 23-32% and 51-66%, respectively, than those who reported sleep problems 'never'. Combined analyses showed that persons with sleep problems 'sometimes' and who exercised >/=1 hour per week had lower risk of chronic pain in the low back (P < 0.04) and neck/shoulders (P < 0.001) than inactive persons with a similar level of sleep problems (P < 0.04). Likewise, persons with BMI <25 kg/cm2 and sleep problems 'sometimes' had lower risk of chronic pain in the low back (P < 0.001) and neck/shoulders (P < 0.001) than persons with BMI >/=25 kg/cm2 and a similar level of sleep problems. CONCLUSION: Sleep problems are associated with an increased risk of chronic pain in the low back and neck/shoulders. Regular exercise and maintenance of normal body weight may reduce the adverse effect of mild sleep problems on risk of chronic pain.
Address 1 Department of Human Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1101-1262 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes PMID:24293504 Approved no
Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1418
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