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Author (up) Jeppesen, E.; Bjelland, I.; Fossa, S.D.; Loge, J.H.; Dahl, A.A. url  doi
  Title Psychosocial problems of teenagers who have a parent with cancer: a population-based case-control study (young-HUNT study) Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Abbreviated Journal J Clin Oncol  
  Volume 31 Issue 32 Pages 4099-4104  
  Keywords Adolescent; Adolescent Psychology/*statistics & numerical data; Case-Control Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Mental Disorders/*epidemiology; Neoplasms/*psychology; *Parents; Psychology; Young Adult  
  Abstract PURPOSE: High prevalence of psychosocial problems has been observed in clinical studies of teenagers who have a parent with cancer. In contrast, we used a population-based design to study such problems in teenagers who have a parent with cancer (cases) compared with matched teenagers with cancer-free parents (controls). We hypothesized that higher prevalence of psychosocial problems would be observed in cases compared with controls and that sex differences would be observed between cases and controls. METHODS: We used data from a cross-sectional population-based survey of teenagers (Young-HUNT study). Among 8,986 teenage participants, 120 of their parents had invasive cancer before the Young-HUNT study according to the Norwegian Cancer Registry. These parents had 143 teenagers (cases) participating in the Young-HUNT study. Matched on sex, age, and municipality, 429 control teenagers with cancer-free parents were drawn from the Young-HUNT study. Six psychosocial problems were studied. RESULTS: No significant differences in psychosocial problems were observed between cases and controls in the total sample. Fewer case daughters reported eating problems compared with control daughters, and more case sons reported eating problems compared with control sons. More case daughters than case sons reported somatic stress symptoms and low self-esteem and displayed more caseness of anxiety/depression. These three sex differences were also observed among controls, indicating that they were general sex differences. CONCLUSION: In this population-based study, teenagers who had a parent with cancer did not have higher prevalence of psychosocial problems than controls. Sex differences observed in previous clinically based studies were confirmed but may simply reflect sex differences observed among teenagers in general.  
  Address Elisabeth Jeppesen, Sophie D. Fossa, Jon H. Loge, and Alv A. Dahl, Oslo University Hospital, The Norwegian Radiumhospitalet, and University of Oslo, Oslo; Ingvar Bjelland, Haukeland University Hospital and University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0732-183X ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:24101041 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1438  
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