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Author (up) Engdahl, B.; Tambs, K.; Hoffman, H.J. url  doi
  Title Otoacoustic emissions, pure-tone audiometry, and self-reported hearing Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication International Journal of Audiology Abbreviated Journal Int J Audiol  
  Volume 52 Issue 2 Pages 74-82  
  Keywords Acoustic Stimulation; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; *Audiometry, Pure-Tone; Auditory Threshold; *Disability Evaluation; Factor Analysis, Statistical; Female; *Hearing; Hearing Disorders/*diagnosis/physiopathology/psychology; Humans; Linear Models; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous; Predictive Value of Tests; Principal Component Analysis; *Self Report; Sex Factors; Young Adult  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the association between otoacoustic emissions (OAEs), pure-tone thresholds, and self-reported hearing disability. DESIGN: A population-based cohort of 4202 adults was examined with air conduction pure-tone audiometry, transient OAE (TEOAE), and distortion product OAE (DPOAE). Participants completed 15 self-report items on hearing disability. RESULTS: Correlation coefficients in the range of 0.3 to 0.5 were observed between OAE (TEOAE, and DPOAE) and self-reported hearing depending on age and sex. Pure-tone average hearing thresholds generally predicted self-reported hearing slightly better than did the OAE measures. Adding TEOAE and DPOAE as predictors in a multivariate model together with the scores from pure-tone audiometry did not predict self-reported hearing better than did pure-tone audiometry alone. The relationship between OAE and self-reported hearing was stronger in men than in women and became more manifest with age, a trend also stronger in men. CONCLUSIONS: OAEs were shown to be a valid measure of self-reported hearing disability of the general population but added no additional information to what pure-tone hearing thresholds had already captured.  
  Address Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. bo.engdahl@fhi.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1499-2027 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23216196 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1453  
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