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Author (up) Engdahl, B.; Tambs, K.; Hoffman, H.J. url  doi
  Title Otoacoustic emissions, pure-tone audiometry, and self-reported hearing Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication International Journal of Audiology Abbreviated Journal Int J Audiol  
  Volume 52 Issue 2 Pages 74-82  
  Keywords Acoustic Stimulation; Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; *Audiometry, Pure-Tone; Auditory Threshold; *Disability Evaluation; Factor Analysis, Statistical; Female; *Hearing; Hearing Disorders/*diagnosis/physiopathology/psychology; Humans; Linear Models; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous; Predictive Value of Tests; Principal Component Analysis; *Self Report; Sex Factors; Young Adult  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the association between otoacoustic emissions (OAEs), pure-tone thresholds, and self-reported hearing disability. DESIGN: A population-based cohort of 4202 adults was examined with air conduction pure-tone audiometry, transient OAE (TEOAE), and distortion product OAE (DPOAE). Participants completed 15 self-report items on hearing disability. RESULTS: Correlation coefficients in the range of 0.3 to 0.5 were observed between OAE (TEOAE, and DPOAE) and self-reported hearing depending on age and sex. Pure-tone average hearing thresholds generally predicted self-reported hearing slightly better than did the OAE measures. Adding TEOAE and DPOAE as predictors in a multivariate model together with the scores from pure-tone audiometry did not predict self-reported hearing better than did pure-tone audiometry alone. The relationship between OAE and self-reported hearing was stronger in men than in women and became more manifest with age, a trend also stronger in men. CONCLUSIONS: OAEs were shown to be a valid measure of self-reported hearing disability of the general population but added no additional information to what pure-tone hearing thresholds had already captured.  
  Address Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1499-2027 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:23216196 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1453  
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