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Author (up) Sorensen, T.; Danbolt, L.J.; Lien, L.; Koenig, H.G.; Holmen, J. url 
  Title The relationship between religious attendance and blood pressure: the HUNT Study, Norway Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine Abbreviated Journal Int J Psychiatry Med  
  Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 13-28  
  Keywords Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; *Blood Pressure; *Cross-Cultural Comparison; Female; Health Surveys; Humans; Hypertension/psychology; Male; Middle Aged; Norway; *Religion and Medicine; Sex Factors; United States; Young Adult  
  Abstract OBJECTIVE: Research from the United States shows a possible relationship between religious attendance (RA) and blood pressure (BP). The religious context in the United States differs widely from Scandinavia. The aim was, therefore, to test whether the relationship between RA and BP is specific to the religious culture in the United States or whether a similar relationship exists between RA and BP in a Norwegian context. DESIGN AND METHOD: Data from the Nord-Trondelag Health Study's third wave, HUNT 3 (2006-08), was used. The associations between RA and diastolic (DBP) and systolic (SBP) blood pressure in women (n = 20,066) and men (n = 15,898) were investigated in a cross-sectional study using multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Mean DBP for women/men was 71.0 mmHg/76.7 mmHg. Mean SBP was 128.5 mmHg/134.0 mmHg; 39.1%/42.8% of women/men never attended religious services, 3.8%/3.4% attended more than 3x/month. The bivariate associations were statistically significant between RA and SBP in both genders and women's DBP but not men's DBP. After adjustment, inverse associations between RA and DBP/SBP for both genders were found. The RA-DBP relationship (p < 0.001) demonstrated a gradient in effect for both genders, with increasing RA associated with decreasing DBP, with 1.50/1.67 mmHg lower in women/men respectively in those attending more than 3x/month, 0.87/1.16 mmHg lower in those attending 1-3x/month, and 0.49/0.10 mmHg less in those attending 1-6x/6 months. Differences in RA-SBP (p < 0.05) were 2.12/1.71 mmHg, 0.30/0.11 mmHg, and 0.58/0.63 mmHg, respectively. CONCLUSION: In a large population-based survey in Norway, RA was associated with lower DBP and SBP after adjusting for relevant variables.  
  Address MF Norwegian School of Theology, Oslo, Norway. torgeir.sorensen@mf.no  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0091-2174 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:22372022 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1631  
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