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Author (up) Brunes, A.; Gudmundsdottir, S.L.; Augestad, L.B. url  doi
  Title Gender-specific associations between leisure-time physical activity and symptoms of anxiety: the HUNT study Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology Abbreviated Journal Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords HUNT2; HUNT3  
  Abstract PURPOSE: The underlying goal of the study was to examine gender-specific effects of leisure-time physical activity on the development of symptoms of anxiety. METHODS: The second wave of a prospective cohort survey (HUNT 2) was conducted during 1995-1997 in the county of Nord-Trondelag, Norway, with a follow-up in 2006-2008 (HUNT 3). The sample consisted of 12,796 women and 11,195 men with an age range of 19-85 years. A binomial model with a log-link function and generalized linear model analysis with gamma distribution was used to assess the association between physical activity and anxiety symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale anxiety subscale, HADS-A). RESULTS: A total of 1,211 (9.5 %) women and 650 (5.8 %) men developed HADS-defined anxiety (>/=8 on the HADS-A scale). Men who scored in the middle tertile of the calculated physical activity index developed significantly fewer cases of HADS-defined anxiety compared with men in the lowest tertile (p < 0.05). In the gamma regression analysis for women, having higher scores on the moderate-high physical activity was associated with fewer symptoms of anxiety (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Women developed almost twice as many cases of HADS-defined anxiety compared to men. Significant associations were found between general leisure-time physical activity and anxiety symptoms among women and men, but the true effect is likely to be different from the observed associations due to several threats to the internal validity in the study.  
  Address Department of Neuroscience, The Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0933-7954 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:24970575 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1638  
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