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Author (up) Okkenhaug, A.; Tanem, T.; Johansen, A.; Romild, U.K.; Nordahl, H.M.; Gjervan, B. url  doi
  Title Physical activity in adolescents who later developed schizophrenia: A prospective case-control study from the Young-HUNT Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Nordic Journal of Psychiatry Abbreviated Journal Nord J Psychiatry  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-5  
  Keywords Adolescent; Bipolar disorder; Physical activity; Premorbid; Schizophrenia; HUNT3; Young-HUNT  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Adults suffering from schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders report low levels of physical activity. In addition, these patients have an increased risk of overweight and poor nutritional habits. Less is known about patterns and levels of physical activity before the onset of disease. AIMS: The purpose of the study was to investigate whether there were specific patterns of physical activity in the premorbid phase of schizophrenia and whether these participants differed from those with bipolar disorder (BD). A group of healthy controls (HC) was also included. METHODS: The study was a prospective, longitudinal, comparative cohort design in which 15 adolescents who later developed schizophrenia and 18 with later BD were compared with HC. Data were analysed using non-parametric statistical tests. RESULTS: Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia were less physically active with fewer days per week (p < 0.05) and fewer hours per week (p < 0.05) in the premorbid phase than both BD and HC. They also participated less in team sports than HC (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that individuals who develop schizophrenia in their teens may be at risk of establishing a lifestyle harmful to health. From a preventive perspective it is important to gain more knowledge about the connections between health habits and later development of disease.  
  Address Arne Okkenhaug, Department of Psychiatry, Levanger Hospital, North Troendelag Health Trust , Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0803-9488 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:26121012 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 1710  
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