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Author (up) Bratberg, G.H.; S, C.W.; Wilsnack, R.; Havas Haugland, S.; Krokstad, S.; Sund, E.R.; Bjorngaard, J.H. url  doi
  Title Gender differences and gender convergence in alcohol use over the past three decades (1984-2008), The HUNT Study, Norway Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication BMC Public Health Abbreviated Journal BMC public health  
  Volume 16 Issue 1 Pages 723  
  Keywords  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: To examine changes in men's and women's drinking in Norway over a 20-year period, in order to learn whether such changes have led to gender convergence in alcohol drinking. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional studies (in 1984-86, 1995-97, and 2006-08) of a large general population living in a geographically defined area (county) in Norway. Information about alcohol drinking is based on self-report questionnaires. Not all measures were assessed in all three surveys. RESULTS: Adult alcohol drinking patterns have changed markedly over a 20-year period. Abstaining has become rarer while consumption and rates of recent drinking and problematic drinking have increased. Most changes were in the same direction for men and women, but women have moved towards men's drinking patterns in abstaining, recent drinking, problematic drinking and consumption. Intoxication (among recent drinkers) has decreased in both genders, but more in men than in women. The declines in gender differences, however, were age-specific and varied depending on which drinking behavior and which beverage was taken into account. CONCLUSIONS: There has been a gender convergence in most drinking behaviours, including lifetime history of problem drinking, over the past 2-3 decades in this Norwegian general population, but the reasons for this convergence appear to be complex.  
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  Publisher Place of Publication HUNT Research Centre, Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegi Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
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  Notes Bratberg, Grete HelenC Wilsnack, SharonWilsnack, RichardHavas Haugland, SiriKrokstad, SteinarSund, Erik ReidarBjorngaard, Johan HaakonENG2016/08/06 06:00BMC Public Health. 2016 Aug 5;16(1):723. Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Bratberg2016 Serial 1732  
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