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Author (up) Storeng, S.H.; Sund, E.R.; Krokstad, S. url  doi
  Title Factors associated with basic and instrumental activities of daily living in elderly participants of a population-based survey: the Nord-Trondelag Health Study, Norway Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication BMJ Open Abbreviated Journal BMJ Open  
  Volume 8 Issue 3 Pages e018942  
  Keywords *Activities of Daily Living; Aged; Depression/epidemiology; Disabled Persons/*psychology; Exercise; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Health Services for the Aged/*statistics & numerical data; Health Status; *Health Surveys; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Norway/epidemiology; Prospective Studies; Quality of Life/*psychology; Self Report; Smoking/epidemiology; Social Participation/*psychology; *epidemiology; *public health; *social medicine  
  Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate factors associated with the need for assistance in basic and instrumental activities of daily living in Norwegian elderly. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Nord-Trondelag Health Study (HUNT), a large population-based health survey in Norway. PARTICIPANTS: 5050 individuals aged 60-69 years old at baseline in HUNT2 (1995-1997) who also participated in HUNT3 (2006-2008) were included in the study. 676/693 individuals were excluded in the analyses due to missing outcomes. OUTCOMES: Needing assistance in one or more basic or instrumental activities of daily living reported in HUNT3. RESULTS: In adjusted multinomial logistic regression analyses, poor self-rated health and depression were the strongest risk factors for needing assistance in one or more basic activities of daily living in HUNT3, with ORs of 2.13 (1.35 to 3.38) and 1.58 (0.91 to 2.73). Poor self-rated health and poor life satisfaction were the strongest risk factors for needing assistance in one or more instrumental activities of daily living in HUNT3, with ORs of 2.30 (1.93 to 2.74) and 2.29 (1.86 to 2.81), respectively. Excessive sitting time, short or prolonged sleeping time, and physical inactivity seemed to be the most important lifestyle risk factors for basic/instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL) disability. The studied factors were, in general, greater risk factors for mortality during follow-up than for ADL/IADL disability. Smoking was the strongest risk factor for mortality during follow-up and non-participation in HUNT3. Smoking and low social participation were the strongest risk factors for non-participation in HUNT3. CONCLUSIONS: Subjective health perception, life satisfaction and depression were the strongest risk factors for needing assistance in one or more basic/instrumental activities of daily living later in life. These factors could be possible targets for prevention purposes.  
  Address Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trondelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2044-6055 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:29530908; PMCID:PMC5857703 Approved no  
  Call Number HUNT @ maria.stuifbergen @ Serial 2175  
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