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Fagernaes, C. F., Heuch, I., Zwart, J. A., Winsvold, B. S., Linde, M., & Hagen, K. (2015). Blood pressure as a risk factor for headache and migraine: a prospective population-based study. European journal of neurology, 22(1), 156–62,.
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: During the past decade, several population-based studies have found an inverse association between blood pressure (BP) and headache. However, most of them have a cross-sectional design or lack a validated definition of a headache-free population at baseline. Therefore, additional population-based studies using a clearly defined headache-free population and a prospective design are warranted. METHODS: Data from two large epidemiological studies, the Nord-Trondelag Health Survey 1995-1997 (HUNT 2) and 2006-2008 (HUNT 3), were used to evaluate the association between BP (systolic, diastolic and pulse pressure) at baseline and headache (migraine and tension type headache) at follow-up. RESULTS: An inverse relationship was found between all three BP measures at baseline in HUNT 2 and any headache in HUNT 3, more evident for systolic BP [odds ratio (OR) 0.90 per 10 mmHg increase in systolic BP, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.87-0.93, P