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Grav, S., Romild, U., Hellzen, O., & Stordal, E. (2013). Association of personality, neighbourhood, and civic participation with the level of perceived social support: the HUNT study, a cross-sectional survey. Scand J Public Health, 41(6), 579–586.
Abstract: AIM: The aim of the current study was to examine the association of personality, neighbourhood, and civic participation with the level of perceived social support if needed. METHODS: The sample consists of a total of 35,797 men (16,035) and women (19,762) drawn from the Nord-Trondelag Health Study 3 (HUNT3), aged 20-89, with a fully completed short version of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) including a complete response to questions regarding perceived social support. A multinomial logistic regression model was used to investigate the association between the three-category outcomes (high, medium, and low) of perceived social support. RESULTS: The Chi-square test detected a significant (p < 0.001) association between personality, sense of community, civic participation, self-rated health, living arrangement, age groups, gender, and perceived social support, except between perceived social support and loss of social network, in which no significance was found. The crude and adjusted multinomial logistic regression models show a relation between medium and low scores on perceived social support, personality, and sources of social support. Interactions were observed between gender and self-rated health. CONCLUSIONS: There is an association between the level of perceived social support and personality, sense of community in the neighbourhood, and civic participation. Even if the interaction between men and self-reported health decreases the odds for low and medium social support, health professionals should be aware of men with poor health and their lack of social support.